== PostgreSQL Weekly News - May 06 2018 ==

From: David Fetter <david(at)fetter(dot)org>
To: PostgreSQL Announce <pgsql-announce(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Subject: == PostgreSQL Weekly News - May 06 2018 ==
Date: 2018-05-06 21:10:41
Message-ID: 20180506211041.GA19691@fetter.org
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== PostgreSQL Weekly News - May 06 2018 ==

== PostgreSQL Product News ==

pg_chameleon 2.0.6, a tool for replicating from MySQL to PostgreSQL, released.
https://pypi.python.org/pypi/pg_chameleon

repmgr 4.0.5, a replication manager for PostgreSQL, released.
https://repmgr.org/docs/4.0/release-4.0.5.html

PyGreSQL 5.0.5, a Python connector for PostgreSQL, released.
http://www.pygresql.org/contents/changelog.html

== PostgreSQL Jobs for May ==

http://archives.postgresql.org/pgsql-jobs/2018-05/

== PostgreSQL Local ==

PGCon 2018 will take place in Ottawa on May 29 - June 1, 2018.
https://www.pgcon.org/2018/

Swiss PGDay 2018 will take place in Rapperswil (near Zurich) on June 29, 2018.
Registration is open through June 28, 2018.
http://www.pgday.ch/2018/

PGConf.Brazil 2018 will take place in São Paulo, Brazil on August 3-4 2018.
http://pgconf.com.br

The Portland PostgreSQL Users Group will be holding a PGDay on September 10,
2018 in Portland, OR. The CfP is open at https://goo.gl/forms/E0CiUQGSZGMYwh922
https://pdx.postgresql.us/pdxpgday2018

== PostgreSQL in the News ==

Planet PostgreSQL: http://planet.postgresql.org/

PostgreSQL Weekly News is brought to you this week by David Fetter

Submit news and announcements by Sunday at 3:00pm EST5EDT. Please send English
language ones to david(at)fetter(dot)org, German language to pwn(at)pgug(dot)de, Italian
language to pwn(at)itpug(dot)org(dot)

== Applied Patches ==

Tom Lane pushed:

- Get more info about Windows can't-reattach-to-shared-memory errors. Commit
63ca350ef neglected to probe the state of things *before* the VirtualFree
call, which now looks like it might be interesting. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/25495.1524517820@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/68e7e973d22274a089ce95200b3782f514f6d2f8

- Avoid wrong results for power() with NaN input on more platforms. Buildfarm
results show that the modern POSIX rule that 1 ^ NaN = 1 is not honored on
*BSD until relatively recently, and really old platforms don't believe that
NaN ^ 0 = 1 either. (This is unsurprising, perhaps, since SUSv2 doesn't
require either behavior.) In hopes of getting to platform independent
behavior, let's deal with all the NaN-input cases explicitly in dpow(). Note
that numeric_power() doesn't know either of these special cases. But since
that behavior is platform-independent, I think it should be addressed
separately, and probably not back-patched. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/75DB81BEEA95B445AE6D576A0A5C9E936A73E741@BPXM05GP.gisp.nec.co.jp
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/6bdf1303b34bc630e8945ae3407ec7e8395c8fe5

- Get still more info about Windows can't-reattach-to-shared-memory errors.
After some thought about the info captured so far, it seems possible that
MapViewOfFileEx is itself causing some DLL to get loaded into the space just
freed by VirtualFree. The previous commit here didn't capture enough info to
really prove the case for that, so let's add one more VirtualQuery in between
those steps. Also, be sure to capture the post-Map state before we emit any
log entries, just in case elog() is invoking some code not previously loaded.
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/25495.1524517820@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/eb16011f4c08a8c2ddfbf0637b862ee1918dd9b2

- Fix bogus list-iteration code in pg_regress.c, affecting ecpg tests only.
While looking at a recent buildfarm failure in the ecpg tests, I wondered why
the pg_regress output claimed the stderr part of the test failed, when the
regression diffs were clearly for the stdout part. Looking into it, the
reason is that pg_regress.c's logic for iterating over three parallel lists is
wrong, and has been wrong since it was written: it advances the "tag" pointer
at a different place in the loop than the other two pointers. Fix that.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/c5e46c7c3b9333616de9946f8e63df1576a19800

- Dump full memory maps around failing Windows reattach code. This morning's
results from buildfarm member dory make it pretty clear that something is
getting mapped into the just-freed space, but not what that something is.
Replace my minimalistic probes with a full dump of the process address space
and module space, based on Noah's work at
<20170403065106.GA2624300%40tornado.leadboat.com> This is all (probably) to
get reverted once we have fixed the problem, but for now we need information.
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/25495.1524517820@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/6ba0cc4bd3a6d738eddf7e8aa2ef7b46cdd9ce8f

- Remove Windows module-list-dumping code. This code is evidently allocating
memory and thus confusing matters even more. Let's see whether we can learn
anything with just VirtualQuery. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/25495.1524517820@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/f7df8043f08a9d00811fb4aa054ed3221f5f9b5e

- Further effort at preventing memory map dump from affecting the results.
Rather than elog'ing immediately, push the map data into a preallocated
StringInfo. Perhaps this will prevent some of the mid-operation allocations
that are evidently happening now. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/25495.1524517820@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/ce07aff48f15a2fa4f91bc67efe1cb3cc9c14bcf

- Map and unmap the shared memory block before risking VirtualFree. The idea
here is to get Windows' userspace infrastructure to allocate whatever space it
needs for MapViewOfFileEx() before we release the locked-down space that we
want to map the shared memory block into. This is a fairly brute-force
attempt, and would likely (for example) fail with large shared memory on
32-bit Windows. We could perhaps ameliorate that by mapping only part of the
shared memory block in this way, but for the moment I just want to see if this
approach will fix dory's problem. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/25495.1524517820@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/73042b8d136fe985746dc762fcb2a4356460842d

- Does it help to wait before reattaching?. Revert the map/unmap dance I tried
in commit 73042b8d1; that helps not at all. Instead, speculate that the
unwanted allocation is being done on another thread, and thus timing
variations explain the apparent unpredictability. Temporarily add a 1-second
sleep before the VirtualFree call, in hopes that any such other threads will
quiesce and not jog our elbow. This is obviously not a desirable long-term
fix, but as a means of investigation it seems useful. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/25495.1524517820@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/23078689a9921968ac0873b017be6e7f772f10bc

- Tweak new jsonb_plperl test cases to work with old Perl versions. The
previous coding here didn't actually produce Inf or NaN double values in Perl
versions 5.8.x. Adopt a suggestion from stackoverflow. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/28585.1525131438@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/827eb4393c8a06de0c8673888a5734170e218a1d

- Remove investigative code for can't-reattach-to-shared-memory errors. Revert
commits 23078689a, 73042b8d1, ce07aff48, f7df8043f, 6ba0cc4bd, eb16011f4,
68e7e973d, 63ca350ef. We still have a problem here, but somebody who's
actually a Windows developer will need to spend time on it. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/25495.1524517820@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/bcbf2346d69f6006f126044864dd9383d50d87b4

- Remove jsonb_plperl test cases for Inf/NaN conversions. It turns out that old
Perl versions (before about 5.10) don't have any very reliable way to generate
Inf or NaN numeric values. Getting around that would require way more work
than is really justified to test the code involved, so let's just drop these
new test cases. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/28585.1525131438@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/6594ee280383b7548b006e7f96c8d06137fced57

- Clean up warnings from -Wimplicit-fallthrough. Recent gcc can warn about
switch-case fall throughs that are not explicitly labeled as intentional.
This seems like a good thing, so clean up the warnings exposed thereby by
labeling all such cases with comments that gcc will recognize. In files that
already had one or more suitable comments, I generally matched the existing
style of those. Otherwise I went with /* FALLTHROUGH */, which is one of the
spellings approved at the more-restrictive-than-default level
-Wimplicit-fallthrough=4. (At the default level you can also spell it /* FALL
?THRU */, and it's not picky about case. What you can't do is include
additional text in the same comment, so some existing comments containing
versions of this aren't good enough.) Testing with gcc 8.0.1 (Fedora 28's
current version), I found that I also had to put explicit "break"s after
elog(ERROR) or ereport(ERROR); apparently, for this purpose gcc doesn't
recognize that those don't return. That seems like possibly a gcc bug, but
it's fine because in most places we did that anyway; so this amounts to a
visit from the style police. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/15083.1525207729@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/41c912cad15955b5f9270ef3688a44e91d410d3d

- Fix some assorted compiler warnings on Windows. Don't overflow the result
type of constant expressions. Don't negate unsigned types. Define
HAVE_STDBOOL_H for Visual C++ 2013 and later. Thomas Munro Reviewed-By:
Michael Paquier and Tom Lane Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/CAEepm%3D3%3DTDYEXUEcHpEx%2BTwc31wo7PA0oBAiNt6sWmq93MW02A%40mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/b2328bf62b6465236e318d31a011ced5dccfd580

- Fix compiler warning on Windows. Commit 41c912cad caused MSVC to complain
that not all control paths return a value. Thomas Munro Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/CAEepm%3D3%3DTDYEXUEcHpEx%2BTwc31wo7PA0oBAiNt6sWmq93MW02A%40mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/fe4ecd08d81cfea7f0512189893cc02cf261ccde

- Change SIZEOF_BOOL to 1 for Windows. For some reason it was previously
defined as 0, which is silly. The only effect was to disable use of
<stdbool.h>, which commit b2328bf62 intended to make possible. Thomas Munro
Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/CAEepm%3D3%3DTDYEXUEcHpEx%2BTwc31wo7PA0oBAiNt6sWmq93MW02A%40mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/6fe25c1358a2a9612f0b4ce841e68d74e408cebe

- Fix bogus code for extracting extended-statistics data from syscache.
statext_dependencies_load and statext_ndistinct_load were not up to snuff, in
addition to being randomly different from each other. In detail: *
Deserialize the fetched bytea value before releasing the syscache entry, not
after. This mistake causes visible regression test failures when running with
-DCATCACHE_FORCE_RELEASE. Since it's not exposed by -DCLOBBER_CACHE_ALWAYS, I
think there may be no production hazard here at present, but it's at least a
latent bug. * Use DatumGetByteaPP not DatumGetByteaP to save a detoasting
cycle for short stats values; the deserialize function has to be, and is,
prepared for short-header values since its other caller uses PP. * Use a
test-and-elog for null stats values in both functions, rather than a
test-and-elog in one case and an Assert in the other. Perhaps Asserts would
be sufficient in both cases, but I don't see a good argument for them being
different. * Minor cosmetic changes to make these functions more visibly
alike. Backpatch to v10 where this code came in. Amit Langote, minor
additional hacking by me Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/1349aabb-3a1f-6675-9fc0-65e2ce7491dd@lab.ntt.co.jp
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/447dbf7aa7909bca76048042d6734ee8f5249d0f

- Fix assorted compiler warnings seen in the buildfarm. Failure to use
DatumGetFoo/FooGetDatum macros correctly, or at all, causes some warnings
about sign conversion. This is just cosmetic at the moment but in principle
it's a type violation, so clean up the instances I could find. autoprewarm.c
and sharedfileset.c contained code that unportably assumed that pid_t is the
same size as int. We've variously dealt with this by casting pid_t to int or
to unsigned long for printing purposes; I went with the latter. Fix
uninitialized-variable warning in RestoreGUCState. This is a live bug in some
sense, but of no great significance given that nobody is very likely to care
what "line number" is associated with a GUC that hasn't got a source file
recorded.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/fbb2e9a030ee7a3fa20ce402e4b1da9809b4eb52

- Suppress some compiler warnings in plperl on Windows. Perl's XSUB.h header
defines macros to replace libc functions. Our header port_win32.h does
something similar earlier, so XSUB.h causes compiler warnings about macro
redefinition. Undefine our macros before including XSUB.h. Thomas Munro
Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/CAEepm%3D3%3DTDYEXUEcHpEx%2BTwc31wo7PA0oBAiNt6sWmq93MW02A%40mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/0996e4be047fbf476dacea5ffad42cdd3a36b731

- Improve our method for probing the availability of ARM CRC instructions.
Instead of depending on glibc's getauxval() function, just try to execute the
CRC code, and trap SIGILL if that happens. Thomas Munro Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/HE1PR0801MB1323D171938EABC04FFE7FA9E3110@HE1PR0801MB1323.eurprd08.prod.outlook.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/1c72ec6f498945eb5981cdedd448aec3977477c8

- Further improve code for probing the availability of ARM CRC instructions.
Andrew Gierth pointed out that commit 1c72ec6f4 would yield the wrong answer
on big-endian ARM systems, because the data being CRC'd would be different.
To fix that, and avoid the rather unsightly hard-wired constant, simply
compare the hardware and software implementations' results. While we're at
it, also log the resulting decision at DEBUG1, and error out if the hw and sw
results unexpectedly differ. Also, since this file must compile for both
frontend and backend, avoid incorrect dependencies on backend-only headers.
In passing, add a comment to postmaster.c about when the CRC function pointer
will get initialized. Thomas Munro, based on complaints from Andrew Gierth
and Tom Lane Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/HE1PR0801MB1323D171938EABC04FFE7FA9E3110@HE1PR0801MB1323.eurprd08.prod.outlook.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/a7a7387575b87a7ae551307a24835f549d530d14

- Avoid portability issues in autoprewarm.c. autoprewarm.c mostly considered
the number of blocks it might be dealing with as being int64. This is
unnecessary, because NBuffers is declared as int, and there's been no
suggestion that we might widen it in the foreseeable future. Moreover, using
int64 is problematic because the code expected INT64_FORMAT to work with
fscanf(), something we don't guarantee, and which indeed fails on some older
buildfarm members. On top of that, the module randomly used uint32 rather
than int64 variables to hold block counters in several places, so it would
fail anyway if we ever did have NBuffers wider than that; and it also supposed
that pg_qsort could sort an int64 number of elements, which is wrong on 32-bit
machines (though no doubt a 32-bit machine couldn't actually have that many
buffers). Hence, change all these variables to plain int. In passing, avoid
shadowing one variable named i with another, and avoid casting away const in
apw_compare_blockinfo. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/7773.1525288909@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/cddc4dc6c6c9bc6f9e8e7f81b5264e7265a5c070

- Rearrange makefile rules for running Gen_fmgrtab.pl. Make these rules look
more like the ones associated with genbki.pl, to wit: * Use a stamp file to
record when we last ran the script, instead of relying on the timestamps of
the individual output files. * Take the knowledge out of backend/Makefile and
put it in utils/Makefile where it belongs. I moved down the handling of
errcodes.h and probes.h too, although those continue to be built by separate
processes. In itself, this is just much-needed cleanup with little practical
effect. However, by decoupling these makefile rules from the timestamps of
the generated header files, we open the door to not advancing those timestamps
unnecessarily, which will be taken advantage of by the next commit.
msvc/Solution.pm should be taught to do things similarly, but I'll leave that
for another commit. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/16925.1525376229@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/9bf28f96c7eb0c3630ef034679c426c2ee289aca

- Avoid overwriting unchanged output files in genbki.pl and Gen_fmgrtab.pl. If
a particular output file already exists with the contents it should have,
leave it alone, so that its mod timestamp is not advanced. In builds using
--enable-depend, this can avoid the need to recompile .c files whose included
files didn't actually change. It's not clear whether it saves much of
anything for users of ccache; but the cost of doing the file comparisons seems
to be negligible, so we might as well do it. For developers using the MSVC
toolchain, this will create a regression: msvc/Solution.pm will sometimes run
genbki.pl or Gen_fmgrtab.pl unnecessarily. I'll look into fixing that
separately. Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/16925.1525376229@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/1f1cd9b5ddc6e7464c1c7416bcce7007fe3bc88c

- Blindly try to fix MSVC build's use of genbki.pl and Gen_fmgrtab.pl. We need
to use a stamp file to record the runs of these scripts, as is done on the
Unix side. I think I got it right, but can't test. While at it, extend this
handmade dependency logic to also check the generating script files, as the
makefiles do. Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/16925.1525376229@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/bad51a49a4c0ee2dd87191f8aea5ca839c9dbf15

- Sync our copy of the timezone library with IANA release tzcode2018e. The
non-cosmetic changes involve teaching the "zic" tzdata compiler about negative
DST. While I'm not currently intending that we start using negative-DST data
right away, it seems possible that somebody would try to use our copy of zic
with bleeding-edge IANA data. So we'd better be out in front of this change
code-wise, even though it doesn't matter for the data file we're shipping.
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/30996.1525445902@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/b45f6613e0a475f908d93dbaa8612ccb9395f666

- First-draft release notes for 10.4. As usual, the release notes for other
branches will be made by cutting these down, but put them up for community
review first.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/488ccfe40a865e3f3c6343e2de026c37ba5a7d50

- Fix precedence problem in new Perl code. I think this bit of commit 1f1cd9b5d
didn't do quite what I meant :-(
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/59cb323053f4ed582d4e71acaeb5770603f074db

- Revert "Test conversion of NaN between float4 and float8.". This reverts
commit 55e0e458170c76c1a0074cd550a13ec47e38a3fa. It's served its purpose of
demonstrating what was wrong on buildfarm member opossum. We could consider
putting some kind of single-purpose hack into ftod() to make the test pass
there; but I don't think it's worth the trouble, since there are surely many
other places whether this platform bug could manifest.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/5c4c771dafefa7d0ee80a6bd6955b7a3940452a1

- Put in_range_float4_float8's work in-line. In commit 8b29e88cd, I'd dithered
about whether to make in_range_float4_float8 be a standalone copy of the float
in-range logic or have it punt to in_range_float8_float8. I went with the
latter, which saves code space though at the cost of performance and
readability. However, it emerges that this tickles a compiler or hardware bug
on buildfarm member opossum. Test results from commit 55e0e4581 show
conclusively that widening a float4 NaN to float8 produces Inf, not NaN, on
that machine; which accounts perfectly for the window RANGE test failures it's
been showing. We can dodge this problem by making in_range_float4_float8 be
an independent function, so that it checks for NaN inputs before widening
them. Ordinarily I'd not be very excited about working around such obviously
broken functionality; but given that this was a judgment call to begin with, I
don't mind reversing it.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/cb3e9e40bc993128cd51795ea60ff7bed78cebb5

- Fix bootstrap parser so that its keywords are unreserved words. Mark Dilger
pointed out that the bootstrap parser does not allow any of its keywords to
appear as column values unless they're quoted, and proposed dealing with that
by quoting such values in genbki.pl. Looking closer, though, we also have
that problem with respect to table, column, and type names appearing in the
.bki file: the parser would fail if any of those matched any of its keywords.
While so far there have been no conflicts (that I've heard of), this seems
like a booby trap waiting to catch somebody. Rather than clutter genbki.pl
with enough quoting logic to handle all that, let's make the bootstrap parser
grow up a little bit and treat its keywords as unreserved. Experimentation
shows that it's fairly easy to do so with the exception of _null_, which I
don't have a big problem with keeping as a reserved word. The only change
needed is that we can't have the "close" command take an optional table name:
it has to either require or forbid the table name to avoid shift/reduce
conflicts. genbki.pl has historically always included the table name, so I
took that option. The implementation has bootscanner.l passing forward the
string value of each keyword, in case bootparse.y needs that. This avoids
needing to know the precise spelling of each keyword in bootparse.y, which is
good because that's not always obvious from the token name. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/3024FC91-DB6D-4732-B31C-DF772DF039A0@gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/d160882a17403d61bc04c5745493e027e60165ce

- Release notes for 10.4, 9.6.9, 9.5.13, 9.4.18, 9.3.23.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/2667e019c61f392c6af28afeee43dbfdcc943d28

Andrew Dunstan pushed:

- Ignore file generated during pg_upgrade testing.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/0146e32f9f54f8bc556307c4204a404f18c5663b

- clean up pg_upgrade tmp_check under MSVC.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/bb779006f4e1881de2c80409225e57e3a3e17d40

- Allow MSYS as well as MINGW in Msys uname. Msys2's uname -s outputs a string
beginning MSYS rather than MINGW as is output by Msys. Allow either in
pg_upgrade's test.sh. Backpatch to all live branches.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/608a710195a4be20ad5f3e97b24db76aebe02808

- Provide for testing on python3 modules when under MSVC. This should have been
done some years ago as promised in commit c4dcdd0c2. However, better late than
never. Along the way do a little housekeeping, including using a simpler test
for the python version being tested, and removing a redundant subroutine
parameter. These changes only apply back to release 9.5. Backpatch to all
live releases.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/966268c7621c4bca534961440b497a3270395fc2

- Clear severity 5 perlcritic warnings from vcregress.pl. My recent update for
python3 support used some idioms that are unapproved. This fixes them.
Backpatch to all live branches like the original.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/2b9bdda74485909a4a3067bf0ba3f0821e82660e

Peter Eisentraut pushed:

- Don't do logical replication of TRUNCATE of zero tables. When due to
publication configuration, a TRUNCATE change ends up with zero tables to be
published, don't send the message out, just skip it. It's not wrong, but
obviously useless overhead.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/92e1583b439ffab1d20419998895932e4fbe32fd

- Write error messages about duplicate OIDs to stderr.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/c5679256e93d8022b3cdd146a28f6a362a3c79e3

- Remove "Generating" output from catalog scripts. So by default, they don't
output anything if everything is well. Discussion:
https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/867f8a1a-6cf0-d835-78d8-0844e4936241%402ndquadrant.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/33a1c2145cd5eba2148e8288997f1d70058fc920

- Remove plperl isnan hack. The code previously undefined isnan because of a
compiler warning on MinGW. Since we now need to use isnan, we can't do that
anymore. We might need a different solution if the compiler warning is too
annoying.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/b04ebca6cd845c0a51da71efa3e2c57d32e823cd

- doc: Update limitations of partitions. David Rowley, Amit Langote
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/5a6ab0a1b157a27da7160565ee2f1815e94a6122

- Document that subscription tests require hstore.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/fa94fa6d8293c3a3cfdf0514f8bbd40b68bf3beb

- Prevent infinity and NaN in jsonb/plperl transform. jsonb uses numeric
internally, and numeric can store NaN, but that is not allowed by jsonb on
input, so we shouldn't store it. Also prevent infinity to get a consistent
error message. (numeric input would reject infinity anyway.) Reported-by:
Dagfinn Ilmari Mannsåker <ilmari(at)ilmari(dot)org> Reviewed-by: Tom Lane
<tgl(at)sss(dot)pgh(dot)pa(dot)us>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/e348e7ae5727a6da8678036d748e5c5af7deb6c9

- doc: Correct update on limitations of partitions. Amit Langote
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/bcded2609ade6204badde506025b414c8e6ef0cd

- Prevent NaN in jsonb/plpython transform. As in
e348e7ae5727a6da8678036d748e5c5af7deb6c9 for jsonb/plperl, prevent putting a
NaN into a jsonb numeric field. Tests for this had been removed in
6278a2a262b63faaf47eb2371f6bcb5b6e3ff118, but in case they are ever
resurrected: This would change the output of the test1nan() function to an
error.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/40f52b16dd31aa9ddc3bd42daa78459562693567

- Fix SPI error cleanup and memory leak. Since the SPI stack has been moved
from TopTransactionContext to TopMemoryContext, setting _SPI_stack to NULL in
AtEOXact_SPI() leaks memory. In fact, we don't need to do that anymore: We
just leave the allocated stack around for the next SPI use. Also, refactor
the SPI cleanup so that it is run both at transaction end and when returning
to the main loop on an exception. The latter is necessary when a procedure
calls a COMMIT or ROLLBACK command that itself causes an error.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/30c66e77be1d890c3cca766259c0bec80bcac1b5

- Tweak tests to support Python 3.7. Python 3.7 removes the trailing comma in
the repr() of BaseException (see <https://bugs.python.org/issue30399>),
leading to test output differences. Work around that by composing the
equivalent test output in a more manual way.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/fa03769e4c4bf0911da71fba2501006b05ea195a

- Update expected files for older Python versions. neglected in commit
fa03769e4c4bf0911da71fba2501006b05ea195a
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/7d8679975f650d1150d706c8b6a5f04f08dcdd00

- pg_dump: Use current_database() instead of PQdb(). For querying pg_database
about information about the database being dumped, look up by using
current_database() instead of the value obtained from PQdb(). When using a
connection proxy, the value from PQdb() might not be the real name of the
database.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/1cd2445c9985719ea1bb9f644373481c8702af64

- Remove extra newlines after PQerrorMessage().
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/2f52518773bb01384ef20831fd9d8c76dbd59dc5

Bruce Momjian pushed:

- docs comments: clarify why not to use UTF8 still in docs. Back branches
still are SGML.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/3960fa5f6396865ded34d9276324e9a31857cff1

- doc comments: rendering engines are another UTF8 restriction.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/81ff9ec8f8b12e03f76062000b322da6568bc941

- docs: Remove tabs recently introduced by me.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/7f6570b3a8d1aa8e90ab0868eefa5a4236b0ada3

Robert Haas pushed:

- Fix interaction of foreign tuple routing with remote triggers. Without these
fixes, changes to the inserted tuple made by remote triggers are ignored when
building local RETURNING tuples. In the core code, call ExecInitRoutingInfo
at a later point from within ExecInitPartitionInfo so that the FDW callback
gets invoked after the returning list has been built. But move
CheckValidResultRel out of ExecInitRoutingInfo so that it can happen at an
earlier stage. In postgres_fdw, refactor assorted deparsing functions to work
with the RTE rather than the PlannerInfo, which saves us having to construct a
fake PlannerInfo in cases where we don't have a real one. Then, we can pass
down a constructed RTE that yields the correct deparse result when no real one
exists. Unfortunately, this necessitates a hack that understands how the core
code manages RT indexes for update tuple routing, which is ugly, but we don't
have a better idea right now. Original report, analysis, and patch by Etsuro
Fujita. Heavily refactored by me. Then worked over some more by Amit
Langote. Discussion: http://postgr.es/m/5AD4882B.10002@lab.ntt.co.jp
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/37a3058bc7c8224d4c0d8b36176d821636a1f90e

- Remove now-unnecessary cast. Etsuro Fujita Discussion:
http://postgr.es/m/5AE99BA7.9060001@lab.ntt.co.jp
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/a365f52d58317e3b24e06564e1f6474ffa3221d4

Andres Freund pushed:

- Improve representation of 'moved partitions' indicator on deleted tuples.
Previously a tuple that has been moved to a different partition (see
f16241bef7c), set the block number on the old tuple to an invalid value to
indicate that fact. But the tuple offset was left untouched. That turned out
to trigger a wal_consistency_checking failure as reported by Peter Geoghegan,
as the offset wasn't always overwritten during WAL replay. Heikki observed
that we're wasting valuable data by not putting information also in the
offset. Thus set that to MovedPartitionsOffsetNumber when a tuple indicates it
has moved. We continue to set the block number to MovedPartitionsBlockNumber,
as that seems more likely to cause problems for code not updated to know about
moved tuples. As t_ctid's offset number is now always set, this refinement
also fixes the wal_consistency_checking issue. This technically is a minor
disk format break, with previously created moved tuples not being recognized
anymore. But since there not even has been a beta release since f16241bef7c...
Reported-By: Peter Geoghegan Author: Heikki Linnakangas, Amul Sul Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/CAH2-Wzm9ty+1BX7-GMNJ=xPRg67oJTVeDNdA9LSyJJtMgRiCMA@mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/1667148a4dd98cea28b8b53d57dbc1eece1b0b5c

- Further -Wimplicit-fallthrough cleanup. Tom's earlier commit in 41c912cad159
didn't update a few cases that are only encountered with the non-standard
--with-llvm config flag. Additionally there's also one case that appears to be
a deficiency in gcc's (up to trunk as of a few days ago) detection of
"fallthrough" comments - changing the placement slightly fixes that. Author:
Andres Freund Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/20180502003239.wfnqu7ekz7j7imm4@alap3.anarazel.de
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/2993435dbae5deb8d2f6c2a715690a5aef4eddb8

Heikki Linnakangas pushed:

- Fix some sloppiness in the new BufFileSize() and BufFileAppend() functions.
There were three related issues: * BufFileAppend() incorrectly reset the seek
position on the 'source' file. As a result, if you had called BufFileRead()
on the file before calling BufFileAppend(), it got confused, and subsequent
calls would read/write at wrong position. * BufFileSize() did not work with
files opened with BufFileOpenShared(). * FileGetSize() only worked on
temporary files. To fix, change the way BufFileSize() works so that it works
on shared files. Remove FileGetSize() altogether, as it's no longer needed.
Remove buffilesize from TapeShare struct, as the leader process can simply
call BufFileSize() to get the tape's size, there's no need to pass it through
shared memory anymore. Discussion:
https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/CAH2-WznEDYe_NZXxmnOfsoV54oFkTdMy7YLE2NPBLuttO96vTQ@mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/445e31bdc749e56376993232e5c2cc4931161322

- Remove remaining references to version-0 calling convention in docs. Support
for version-0 calling convention was removed in PostgreSQL v10. Change the
SPI example to use version 1 convention, so that it actually works. Author:
John Naylor Discussion:
https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/CAJVSVGVydmhLBdm80Rw3G8Oq5TnA7eCxUv065yoZfNfLbF1tzA@mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/f66912b0a0387aab5f5bbcd9d56ab92200395d2e

- Fix scenario where streaming standby gets stuck at a continuation record. If
a continuation record is split so that its first half has already been removed
from the master, and is only present in pg_wal, and there is a recycled WAL
segment in the standby server that looks like it would contain the second
half, recovery would get stuck. The code in XLogPageRead() incorrectly started
streaming at the beginning of the WAL record, even if we had already read the
first page. Backpatch to 9.4. In principle, older versions have the same
problem, but without replication slots, there was no straightforward mechanism
to prevent the master from recycling old WAL that was still needed by standby.
Without such a mechanism, I think it's reasonable to assume that there's
enough slack in how many old segments are kept around to not run into this, or
you have a WAL archive. Reported by Jonathon Nelson. Analysis and patch by
Kyotaro HORIGUCHI, with some extra comments by me. Discussion:
https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/CACJqAM3xVz0JY1XFDKPP%2BJoJAjoGx%3DGNuOAshEDWCext7BFvCQ%40mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/0668719801838aa6a8bda330ff9b3d20097ea844

Teodor Sigaev pushed:

- Fix pg_dump support for pre-8.2 versions. Unify indnkeys/indnatts/indnkeyatts
usage for all version of query to get index information, remove indnkeys
column from query as unused. Author: Marina Polyakova Noticed by: Peter
Eisentraut
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/ac7a7e328f3e7eb89874860e554517c24dac9150

- Add HOLD_INTERRUPTS section into FinishPreparedTransaction. If an interrupt
arrives in the middle of FinishPreparedTransaction and any callback decide to
call CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPTS (e.g. RemoveTwoPhaseFile can write a warning with
ereport, which checks for interrupts) then it's possible to leave current
GXact undeleted. Backpatch to all supported branches Stas Kelvich Discussion:
ihttps://www.postgresql.org/message-id/3AD85097-A3F3-4EBA-99BD-C38EDF8D2949@postgrespro.ru
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/8f9be261f43772ccee2eae94d971bac6557cbe6a

- Re-think predicate locking on GIN indexes. The principle behind the locking
was not very well thought-out, and not documented. Add a section in the README
to explain how it's supposed to work, and change the code so that it actually
works that way. This fixes two bugs: 1. If fast update was turned on
concurrently, subsequent inserts to the pending list would not conflict with
predicate locks that were acquired earlier, on entry pages. The included
'predicate-gin-fastupdate' test demonstrates that. To fix, make all scans
acquire a predicate lock on the metapage. That lock represents a scan of the
pending list, whether or not there is a pending list at the moment. Forget
about the optimization to skip locking/checking for locks, when
fastupdate=off. 2. If a scan finds no match, it still needs to lock the entry
page. The point of predicate locks is to lock the gabs between values, whether
or not there is a match. The included 'predicate-gin-nomatch' test tests that
case. In addition to those two bug fixes, this removes some unnecessary
locking, following the principle laid out in the README. Because all items in
a posting tree have the same key value, a lock on the posting tree root is
enough to cover all the items. (With a very large posting tree, it would
possibly be better to lock the posting tree leaf pages instead, so that a
"skip scan" with a query like "A & B", you could avoid unnecessary conflict if
a new tuple is inserted with A but !B. But let's keep this simple.) Also, some
spelling fixes. Author: Heikki Linnakangas with some editorization by me
Review: Andrey Borodin, Alexander Korotkov Discussion:
https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/0b3ad2c2-2692-62a9-3a04-5724f2af9114@iki.fi
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/0bef1c0678d94436f80450d562a866bb6fa5e509

- Don't truncate away non-key attributes for leftmost downlinks. nbtsort.c does
not need to truncate away non-key attributes for the minimum key of the
leftmost page on a level, since this is only used to build a minus infinity
downlink for the level's leftmost page. Truncating away non-key attributes in
advance of truncating away all attributes in _bt_sortaddtup() does not affect
the correctness of CREATE INDEX, but it is misleading. Author: Peter
Geoghegan Discussion:
https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/CAH2-WzkAS2M3ussHG-s_Av=Zo6dPjOxyu5fNRkYnxQV+YzGQ4w@mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/2a9e04f0a8ada12d4af4f095e4dbe164e2983bce

Álvaro Herrera pushed:

- Don't mark pages all-visible spuriously. Dan Wood diagnosed a long-standing
problem that pages containing tuples that are locked by multixacts containing
live lockers may spuriously end up as candidates for getting their all-visible
flag set. This has the long-term effect that multixacts remain unfrozen; this
may previously pass undetected, but since commit XYZ it would be reported as
"ERROR: found multixact 134100944 from before relminmxid 192042633" because
when a later vacuum tries to freeze the page it detects that a multixact that
should have gotten frozen, wasn't. Dan proposed a (correct) patch that simply
sets a variable to its correct value, after a bogus initialization. But, per
discussion, it seems better coding to avoid the bogus initializations
altogether, since they could give rise to more bugs later. Therefore this fix
rewrites the logic a little bit to avoid depending on the bogus
initializations. This bug was part of a family introduced in 9.6 by commit
a892234f830e; later, commit 38e9f90a227d fixed most of them, but this one was
unnoticed. Authors: Dan Wood, Pavan Deolasee, Álvaro Herrera Reviewed-by:
Masahiko Sawada, Pavan Deolasee, Álvaro Herrera Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/84EBAC55-F06D-4FBE-A3F3-8BDA093CE3E3@amazon.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/d2599ecfcc74fea9fad1720a70210a740c716730

== Pending Patches ==

Thomas Munro sent in a patch to avoid counting zero-filled buffers as 'read' in
EXPLAIN.

Amit Langote sent in a patch to fix an issue where stats_ext test fails with
-DCATCACHE_FORCE_RELEASE.

Stas Kelvich sent in a patch to implement global snapshots.

Michaël Paquier sent in a patch to fix gaps in modules with handling of
partitioned indexes.

John Naylor sent in a patch to replace the /ad hoc/ format for conversion
functions.

Dmitry Dolgov sent in a patch to enable logging statistics for full-page writes.

Robert Haas sent in a patch to fix an issue which caused explain buffers to have
the wrong counter with parallel plans.

Peter Eisentraut sent in a patch to PL/pgSQL to flatten TOAST data in nonatomic
context.

Tom Lane sent in a patch to prevents overwriting unchanged headers.

Aleksandr Parfenov sent in a patch to optimize the use of immutable functions as
relations.

Ildar Musin sent in a patch to add a MAP syntax for applying functions to
arrays.

Sergei Kornilov sent in a patch to enable reloading recovery.conf during
recovery.

Álvaro Herrera sent in another revision of a patch to fix a bug which resulted
in VM map freeze corruption.

Takayuki Tsunakawa sent in a patch to correct some omissions from the
documentation of the new table partitioning feature.

Thomas Munro sent in a patch to fix const warnings when building with
--enable-dtrace.

Andrew Dunstan sent in two revisions of a patch to add some vertical whitespace
to structures so that the enclosing braces etc appear on their own lines.

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