Re: pg_preadv() and pg_pwritev()

From: Tom Lane <tgl(at)sss(dot)pgh(dot)pa(dot)us>
To: Sergey Shinderuk <s(dot)shinderuk(at)postgrespro(dot)ru>
Cc: Thomas Munro <thomas(dot)munro(at)gmail(dot)com>, pgsql-hackers <pgsql-hackers(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Subject: Re: pg_preadv() and pg_pwritev()
Date: 2021-01-14 22:13:45
Views: Raw Message | Whole Thread | Download mbox | Resend email
Lists: pgsql-hackers

I borrowed my wife's Mac, which is still on Catalina and up to now
never had Xcode on it, and found some very interesting things.

Step 1: download/install Xcode 12.3, open it, agree to license,
wait for it to finish "installing components".

At this point, /Library/Developer/CommandLineTools doesn't exist,
and we have the following outputs from various probe commands:

% xcrun --show-sdk-path
% xcrun --sdk macosx --show-sdk-path
% xcodebuild -version -sdk macosx Path

Also, cc -v reports
-isysroot /Applications/

Unsurprisingly, Xcode 12.3 itself only contains

% ls -l /Applications/
total 0
drwxr-xr-x 5 root wheel 160 Nov 30 07:27 DriverKit20.2.sdk
drwxr-xr-x 7 root wheel 224 Nov 30 07:27 MacOSX.sdk
lrwxr-xr-x 1 root wheel 10 Jan 14 15:57 MacOSX11.1.sdk -> MacOSX.sdk

Step 2: install command line tools (I used "xcode-select --install"
to fire this off, rather than the Xcode menu item).

Now I have

% ls -l /Library/Developer/CommandLineTools/SDKs
total 0
lrwxr-xr-x 1 root wheel 14 Jan 14 16:42 MacOSX.sdk -> MacOSX11.1.sdk
drwxr-xr-x 8 root wheel 256 Jul 9 2020 MacOSX10.15.sdk
drwxr-xr-x 7 root wheel 224 Nov 30 07:33 MacOSX11.1.sdk

which is pretty interesting in itself, because the same directory on
my recently-updated-to-Big-Sur Macs does NOT have the 11.1 SDK.
I wonder what determines which versions get installed here.

More interesting yet:

% xcrun --show-sdk-path
% xcrun --sdk macosx --show-sdk-path
% xcodebuild -version -sdk macosx Path

and cc -v reports
-isysroot /Library/Developer/CommandLineTools/SDKs/MacOSX10.15.sdk

So apparently, "xcrun --show-sdk-path" (without any -sdk option)
is the most authoritative guide to the compiler's default sysroot.

However, googling turns up various people reporting that "xcrun
--show-sdk-path" returns an empty string for them, and our last
major investigation into this [1] found that there are some system
states where the compiler appears to have no default sysroot,
which I bet is the same thing. I do not at this point have a recipe
to reproduce such a state, but we'd be fools to imagine it's no
longer possible. My guess about it is that Apple's processes for
updating the default sysroot during system updates are just plain
buggy, with various corner cases that have ill-understood causes.

Also, after re-reading [1] I am not at all excited about trying to
remove the -isysroot switches from our *FLAGS. What I propose to do
is keep that, but improve our mechanism for choosing a default value
for PG_SYSROOT. It looks like first trying "xcrun --show-sdk-path",
and falling back to "xcodebuild -version -sdk macosx Path" if that
doesn't yield a valid path, is more likely to give a working build
than relying entirely on xcodebuild. Maybe there's a case for trying
"xcrun --sdk macosx --show-sdk-path" in between; in my tests that
seemed noticeably faster than invoking xcodebuild, and I've not yet
seen a case where it gave a different answer.


regards, tom lane


In response to


Browse pgsql-hackers by date

  From Date Subject
Next Message Zhihong Yu 2021-01-14 22:46:40 Re: Transactions involving multiple postgres foreign servers, take 2
Previous Message Simon Riggs 2021-01-14 21:27:24 Re: WIP: System Versioned Temporal Table