BUG #15971: Behaviour of SUBSTR function depending on its arguments

From: PG Bug reporting form <noreply(at)postgresql(dot)org>
To: pgsql-bugs(at)lists(dot)postgresql(dot)org
Cc: bvimalvictor(at)gmail(dot)com
Subject: BUG #15971: Behaviour of SUBSTR function depending on its arguments
Date: 2019-08-21 07:02:30
Message-ID: 15971-965406c5a667c01a@postgresql.org
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The following bug has been logged on the website:

Bug reference: 15971
Email address: bvimalvictor(at)gmail(dot)com
PostgreSQL version: 10.4
Operating system: Linux


select substr('abcdef',1,2) val1, substr('abcdef',0,2) val2,
substr('abcdef',-1,2) val3;

The above query in Postgres returns expected result for val1 ('ab') but for
val2 and val3, it returns 'a' and '' respectively. Oracle and most of other
RDBMS systems would return 'ab' for val1 and val2. When the start position
is -ve, then the start position will be considered from end of input string.
The start position can be considered either as 0 or 1 and substring from
that position can be returned by considering the max length of the input
string, which is logically correct. But when -ve value given for start
position and returning empty string '', which does not seem logically
correct. Kindly consider this case and let me know your thoughts.



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