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Re: [HACKERS] random() function produces wrong range

From: Chris Jones <cjones(at)rightnowtech(dot)com>
To: pgsql-general <pgsql-general(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Subject: Re: [HACKERS] random() function produces wrong range
Date: 2000-08-03 19:43:51
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Lists: pgsql-generalpgsql-hackers
Tom Lane <tgl(at)sss(dot)phg(dot)pa(dot)us> writes:

> Thomas Lockhart <lockhart(at)alumni(dot)caltech(dot)edu> writes:
> > The Linux man pages indicate that the behavior and underlying
> > implementation of random() and rand() are the same (so I just picked
> > one).
> Ah, well, there's your problem.  Whoever did this part of the library
> on Linux took shortcuts.  On older-line systems, rand() is a
> considerably older and crummier generator than random().  It would
> definitely not be a wise decision to use rand() instead.
> I believe using random() is the right thing.  The portability bug here
> is the assumption that RAND_MAX applies to random() (or is even defined;
> none of the man pages I've looked at so far mention it).  But all the
> machines say that the output of random() is 31 bits, so INT_MAX should
> work.

On an i386 machine, certainly; but not on an Alpha or a Sparc.
Probably safer to use (2**31)-1, which is what my (NetBSD) man page

FWIW, I believe random(3) running on NetBSD/alpha, for example, will
return a 31-bit result.


---------------------------------------------------- cjones(at)rightnowtech(dot)com
Chris Jones
           System Administrator, RightNow Technologies
"Is this going to be a stand-up programming session, sir, or another bug hunt?"

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