Re: Optimization for updating foreign tables in Postgres FDW

From: Ashutosh Bapat <ashutosh(dot)bapat(at)enterprisedb(dot)com>
To: Kyotaro HORIGUCHI <horiguchi(dot)kyotaro(at)lab(dot)ntt(dot)co(dot)jp>
Cc: Robert Haas <robertmhaas(at)gmail(dot)com>, Michael Paquier <michael(dot)paquier(at)gmail(dot)com>, Etsuro Fujita <fujita(dot)etsuro(at)lab(dot)ntt(dot)co(dot)jp>, Noah Misch <noah(at)leadboat(dot)com>, Rushabh Lathia <rushabh(dot)lathia(at)gmail(dot)com>, Thom Brown <thom(at)linux(dot)com>, Stephen Frost <sfrost(at)snowman(dot)net>, Albe Laurenz <laurenz(dot)albe(at)wien(dot)gv(dot)at>, Tom Lane <tgl(at)sss(dot)pgh(dot)pa(dot)us>, Shigeru Hanada <shigeru(dot)hanada(at)gmail(dot)com>, pgsql-hackers <pgsql-hackers(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Subject: Re: Optimization for updating foreign tables in Postgres FDW
Date: 2017-04-17 12:20:58
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On Mon, Apr 17, 2017 at 1:53 PM, Kyotaro HORIGUCHI
<horiguchi(dot)kyotaro(at)lab(dot)ntt(dot)co(dot)jp> wrote:
> At Thu, 13 Apr 2017 13:04:12 -0400, Robert Haas <robertmhaas(at)gmail(dot)com> wrote in <CA+TgmoaxnNmuONgP=bXJojrgbnMPTi6Ms8OSwZBC2YQ2ueUiSg(at)mail(dot)gmail(dot)com>
>> On Thu, Apr 21, 2016 at 10:53 AM, Robert Haas <robertmhaas(at)gmail(dot)com> wrote:
>> > On Thu, Apr 21, 2016 at 8:44 AM, Michael Paquier
>> > <michael(dot)paquier(at)gmail(dot)com> wrote:
>> >> On Thu, Apr 21, 2016 at 5:22 PM, Etsuro Fujita
>> >> <fujita(dot)etsuro(at)lab(dot)ntt(dot)co(dot)jp> wrote:
>> >>> Attached is an updated version of the patch, which modified Michael's
>> >>> version of the patch, as I proposed in [1] (see "Other changes:"). I
>> >>> modified comments for pgfdw_get_result/pgfdw_exec_query also, mainly because
>> >>> words like "non-blocking mode" there seems confusing (note that we have
>> >>> PQsetnonbloking).
>> >>
>> >> OK, so that is what I sent except that the comments mentioning PG_TRY
>> >> are moved to their correct places. That's fine for me. Thanks for
>> >> gathering everything in a single patch and correcting it.
>> >
>> > I have committed this patch. Thanks for working on this. Sorry for the delay.
>> This 9.6-era patch, as it turns out, has a problem, which is that we
>> now respond to an interrupt by sending a cancel request and a
>> NON-interruptible ABORT TRANSACTION command to the remote side. If
>> the reason that the user is trying to interrupt is that the network
>> connection has been cut, they interrupt the original query only to get
>> stuck in a non-interruptible wait for ABORT TRANSACTION. That is
>> non-optimal.
> Agreed.
>> It is not exactly clear to me how to fix this. Could we get by with
>> just slamming the remote connection shut, instead of sending an
>> explicit ABORT TRANSACTION? The remote side ought to treat a
>> disconnect as equivalent to an ABORT anyway, I think, but maybe our
>> local state would get confused. (I have not checked.)
>> Thoughts?
> Perhaps we will get stuck at query cancellation before ABORT
> TRANSACTION in the case. A connection will be shut down when
> anything wrong (PQstatus(conn) != CONNECTION_OK and so) on
> aborting local transactoin . So I don't think fdw gets confused
> or sholdn't be confused by shutting down there.
> The most significant issue I can see is that the same thing
> happens in the case of graceful ABORT TRANSACTION. It could be a
> performance issue.
> We could set timeout here but maybe we can just slamming the
> connection down instead of sending a query cancellation. It is
> caused only by timeout or interrupts so I suppose it is not a
> problem *with a few connections*.
> Things are a bit diffent with hundreds of connections. The
> penalty of reconnection would be very high in the case.
> If we are not willing to pay such high penalty, maybe we are to
> manage busy-idle time of each connection and trying graceful
> abort if it is short enough, maybe having a shoft timeout.
> Furthermore, if most or all of the hundreds of connections get
> stuck, such timeout will accumulate up like a mountain...

Even when the transaction is aborted because a user cancels a query,
we do want to preserve the connection, if possible, to avoid
reconnection. If the request to cancel the query itself fails, we
should certainly drop the connection. Here's the patch to do that.

Best Wishes,
Ashutosh Bapat
EnterpriseDB Corporation
The Postgres Database Company

Attachment Content-Type Size
0001-Drop-connection-when-query-can-not-be-cancelled.patch application/octet-stream 4.5 KB

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