Re: [HACKERS] Assertion failure when the non-exclusive pg_stop_backup aborted.

From: Masahiko Sawada <sawada(dot)mshk(at)gmail(dot)com>
To: Michael Paquier <michael(dot)paquier(at)gmail(dot)com>
Cc: Fujii Masao <masao(dot)fujii(at)gmail(dot)com>, PostgreSQL-development <pgsql-hackers(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Subject: Re: [HACKERS] Assertion failure when the non-exclusive pg_stop_backup aborted.
Date: 2017-11-20 07:12:29
Message-ID: CAD21AoAt=RJLVU3=DVZJDoC9WYOVErYLc1Ku=nzxx8JsAZXBfA@mail.gmail.com
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On Fri, Nov 17, 2017 at 11:00 AM, Michael Paquier
<michael(dot)paquier(at)gmail(dot)com> wrote:
> On Thu, Nov 16, 2017 at 8:17 PM, Masahiko Sawada <sawada(dot)mshk(at)gmail(dot)com> wrote:
>> On Thu, Nov 16, 2017 at 1:11 PM, Michael Paquier
>> <michael(dot)paquier(at)gmail(dot)com> wrote:
>>> + /*
>>> + * Quick exit if session is not keeping around a non-exclusive backup
>>> + * already started.
>>> + */
>>> + if (sessionBackupState != SESSION_BACKUP_NON_EXCLUSIVE)
>>> + return;
>>> I think that it would be more solid to use SESSION_BACKUP_NONE for the
>>> comparison, and complete the assertion after the quick exit as follows
>>> as this code path should never be taken for an exclusive backup:
>>
>> Agreed.
>
> I have spent some time doing an extra lookup with tests involving one
> and two sessions doing backups checking for failure code paths while
> waiting for archives:
> - One session with non-exclusive backup.
> - One session with exclusive backup.
> - One session is exclusive and the second is non-exclusive
> - Both are exclusive.
> Also double-checked on the way the logic around the cleanup callback
> and sessionBackupState during startup, and those look clean to me. One
> thing that was bothering me is that the callback
> nonexclusive_base_backup_cleanup is called after do_pg_start_backup()
> finishes. But between the moment sessionBackupState is set and the
> callback is registered there is no CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPTS or even elog()
> calls so even if the process starting a non-exclusive backup is tried
> to be terminated between the moment the session lock is set and the
> callback is registered things are handled correctly.
>
> So I think that we are basically safe for backups running with the SQL
> interface.

Thank you for double checking!

> However, things are not completely clean for base backups taken using
> the replication protocol. While monitoring more the code, I have
> noticed that perform_base_backup() calls do_pg_stop_backup() *without*
> taking any cleanup action. So if a base backup is interrupted, say
> with SIGTERM, while do_pg_stop_backup() is called and before the
> session lock is updated then it is possible to finish with
> inconsistent in-memory counters. Oops.

Good catch! I'd missed this case.

> No need to play with breakpoints and signals in this case, using
> something like that is enough to create inconsistent counters.
> --- a/src/backend/replication/basebackup.c
> +++ b/src/backend/replication/basebackup.c
> @@ -327,6 +327,8 @@ perform_base_backup(basebackup_options *opt, DIR *tblspcdir)
> }
> PG_END_ENSURE_ERROR_CLEANUP(base_backup_cleanup, (Datum) 0);
>
> + elog(ERROR, "base backups don't decrement counters here, stupid!");
> +
> endptr = do_pg_stop_backup(labelfile->data, !opt->nowait, &endtli);
>
> A simple fix for this one is to call do_pg_stop_backup() before
> PG_END_ENSURE_ERROR_CLEANUP(). By doing so, we also make the callback
> cleanup logic consistent with what is done for the SQL equivalent
> where the callback is removed after finishing going through
> do_pg_stop_backup(). A comment would be adapted here, say something
> like "finish the backup while still holding the cleanup callback to
> avoid inconsistent in-memory data should the this call fail before
> sessionBackupState is updated."
>
> For the start phase, the current logic is fine, because in the case of
> the SQL interface the cleanup callback is registered after finishing
> do_pg_start_backup().
>
> What do you think?

I agree with your approach. It makes sense to me.

Attached updated patch. Please review it.

Regards,

--
Masahiko Sawada
NIPPON TELEGRAPH AND TELEPHONE CORPORATION
NTT Open Source Software Center

Attachment Content-Type Size
fix_do_pg_abort_backup_v7.patch application/octet-stream 3.2 KB

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