Re: [HACKERS] Restricting maximum keep segments by repslots

From: Kyotaro HORIGUCHI <horiguchi(dot)kyotaro(at)lab(dot)ntt(dot)co(dot)jp>
To: michael(at)paquier(dot)xyz
Cc: sawada(dot)mshk(at)gmail(dot)com, peter(dot)eisentraut(at)2ndquadrant(dot)com, pgsql-hackers(at)lists(dot)postgresql(dot)org, thomas(dot)munro(at)enterprisedb(dot)com, sk(at)zsrv(dot)org, michael(dot)paquier(at)gmail(dot)com, andres(at)anarazel(dot)de
Subject: Re: [HACKERS] Restricting maximum keep segments by repslots
Date: 2019-01-30 01:42:04
Message-ID: 20190130.104204.249058820.horiguchi.kyotaro@lab.ntt.co.jp
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At Thu, 20 Dec 2018 16:24:38 +0900 (Tokyo Standard Time), Kyotaro HORIGUCHI <horiguchi(dot)kyotaro(at)lab(dot)ntt(dot)co(dot)jp> wrote in <20181220(dot)162438(dot)121484007(dot)horiguchi(dot)kyotaro(at)lab(dot)ntt(dot)co(dot)jp>
> Thank you for piking this and sorry being late.
>
> At Mon, 19 Nov 2018 13:39:58 +0900, Michael Paquier <michael(at)paquier(dot)xyz> wrote in <20181119043958(dot)GE4400(at)paquier(dot)xyz>
> > ereport should not be called within xlogreader.c as a base rule:
>
> Ouch! I forgot that. Fixed to use report_invalid_record slightly
> changing the message. The code is not required (or cannot be
> used) on frontend so #ifndef FRONTENDed the code.
>
> At Tue, 20 Nov 2018 14:07:44 +0900, Michael Paquier <michael(at)paquier(dot)xyz> wrote in <20181120050744(dot)GJ4400(at)paquier(dot)xyz>
> > On Mon, Nov 19, 2018 at 01:39:58PM +0900, Michael Paquier wrote:
> > > I was just coming by to look at bit at the patch series, and bumped
> > > into that:
> >
> > So I have been looking at the last patch series 0001-0004 posted on this
> > thread, and coming from here:
> > https://postgr.es/m/20181025.215518.189844649.horiguchi.kyotaro@lab.ntt.co.jp
> >
> > /* check that the slot is gone */
> > SELECT * FROM pg_replication_slots
> > It could be an idea to switch to the expanded mode here, not that it
> > matters much still..
>
> No problem doing that. Done.
>
> TAP test complains that it still uses recovery.conf. Fixed. On
> the way doing that I added parameter primary_slot_name to
> init_from_backup in PostgresNode.pm
>
> > +IsLsnStillAvaiable(XLogRecPtr targetLSN, uint64 *restBytes)
> > You mean Available here, not Avaiable. This function is only used when
> > scanning for slot information with pg_replication_slots, so wouldn't it
> > be better to just return the status string in this case?
>
> Mmm. Sure. Auto-completion hid it from my eyes. Fixed the name.
> The fix sounds reasonable. The function was created as returning
> boolean and the name doen't fit the current function. I renamed
> the name to GetLsnAvailability() that returns a string.
>
> > Not sure I see the point of the "remain" field, which can be found with
> > a simple calculation using the current insertion LSN, the segment size
> > and the amount of WAL that the slot is retaining. It may be interesting
> > to document a query to do that though.
>
> It's not that simple. wal_segment_size, max_slot_wal_keep_size,
> wal_keep_segments, max_slot_wal_keep_size and the current LSN are
> invoved in the calculation which including several conditional
> branches, maybe as you see upthread. We could show "the largest
> current LSN until WAL is lost" but the "current LSN" is not shown
> there. So it is showing the "remain".
>
> > GetOldestXLogFileSegNo() has race conditions if WAL recycling runs in
> > parallel, no? How is it safe to scan pg_wal on a process querying
> > pg_replication_slots while another process may manipulate its contents
> > (aka the checkpointer or just the startup process with an
> > end-of-recovery checkpoint.). This routine relies on unsafe
> > assumptions as this is not concurrent-safe. You can avoid problems by
> > making sure instead that lastRemovedSegNo is initialized correctly at
> > startup, which would be normally one segment older than what's in
> > pg_wal, which feels a bit hacky to rely on to track the oldest segment.
>
> Concurrent recycling makes the function's result vary between the
> segment numbers before and after it. It is unstable but doesn't
> matter so much. The reason for the timing is to avoid extra
> startup time by a scan over pg_wal that is unncecessary in most
> cases.
>
> Anyway the attached patch initializes lastRemovedSegNo in
> StartupXLOG().
>
> > It seems to me that GetOldestXLogFileSegNo() should also check for
> > segments matching the current timeline, no?
>
> RemoveOldXlogFiles() ignores timeline and the function is made to
> behave the same way (in different manner). I added a comment for
> the behavior in the function.
>
> > + if (prev_lost_segs != lost_segs)
> > + ereport(WARNING,
> > + (errmsg ("some replication slots have lost
> > required WAL segments"),
> > + errdetail_plural(
> > + "The mostly affected slot has lost %ld
> > segment.",
> > + "The mostly affected slot has lost %ld
> > segments.",
> > + lost_segs, lost_segs)));
> > This can become very noisy with the time, and it would be actually
> > useful to know which replication slot is impacted by that.
>
> One message per one segment doen't seem so noisy. The reason for
> not showing slot identifier individually is just to avoid
> complexity comes from involving slot details. DBAs will see the
> details in pg_stat_replication.
>
> Anyway I did that in the attached patch. ReplicationSlotsBehind
> returns the list of the slot names that behind specified
> LSN. With this patch the messages looks as the follows:
>
> WARNING: some replication slots have lost required WAL segments
> DETAIL: Slot s1 lost 8 segment(s).
> WARNING: some replication slots have lost required WAL segments
> DETAIL: Slots s1, s2, s3 lost at most 9 segment(s).
>
> > + slot doesn't have valid restart_lsn, this field
> > Missing a determinant here, and restart_lsn should have a <literal>
> > markup.
>
> structfield? Reworded as below:
>
> | non-negative. If <structfield>restart_lsn</structfield> is NULL, this
> | field is <literal>unknown</literal>.
>
> I changed "the slot" with "this slot" in the two added fields
> (wal_status, remain).
>
> > + many WAL segments that they fill up the space allotted
> > s/allotted/allocated/.
>
> Fixed.
>
> > + available. The last two states are seen only when
> > + <xref linkend="guc-max-slot-wal-keep-size"/> is non-negative. If the
> > + slot doesn't have valid restart_lsn, this field
> > + is <literal>unknown</literal>.
> > I am a bit confused by this statement. The last two states are "lost"
> > and "keeping", but shouldn't "keeping" be the state showing up by
> > default as it means that all WAL segments are kept around.
>
> It's "streaming". I didn't came up with nice words to
> distinguish the two states. I'm not sure "keep around" exactly
> means but "keeping" here means rather "just not removed yet". The
> states could be reworded as the follows:
>
> streaming: kept/keeping/(secure, in the first version)
> keeping : mortal/about to be removed
> lost/unkown : (lost/unknown)
>
> Do you have any better wording?
>
> > +# Advance WAL by ten segments (= 160MB) on master
> > +advance_wal($node_master, 10);
> > +$node_master->safe_psql('postgres', "CHECKPOINT;");
> > This makes the tests very costly, which is something we should avoid as
> > much as possible. One trick which could be used here, on top of
> > reducing the number of segment switches, is to use initdb
> > --wal-segsize=1.
>
> That sounds nice. Done. In the new version the number of segments
> can be reduced and a new test item for the initial unkonwn state
> as the first item.
>
> Please find the attached new version.

Rebased. No conflict found since the last version.

regards.

--
Kyotaro Horiguchi
NTT Open Source Software Center

Attachment Content-Type Size
v12-0001-Add-WAL-relief-vent-for-replication-slots.patch text/x-patch 9.8 KB
v12-0002-Add-monitoring-aid-for-max_slot_wal_keep_size.patch text/x-patch 12.6 KB
v12-0003-Add-primary_slot_name-to-init_from_backup-in-TAP-tes.patch text/x-patch 1.2 KB
v12-0004-TAP-test-for-the-slot-limit-feature.patch text/x-patch 7.1 KB
v12-0005-Documentation-for-slot-limit-feature.patch text/x-patch 4.5 KB
v12-0006-Check-removal-of-in-reading-segment-file.patch text/x-patch 2.3 KB

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