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20.9. Run-time Statistics

20.9.1. Cumulative Query and Index Statistics

These parameters control the server-wide cumulative statistics system. When enabled, the data that is collected can be accessed via the pg_stat and pg_statio family of system views. Refer to Chapter 28 for more information.

track_activities (boolean)

Enables the collection of information on the currently executing command of each session, along with its identifier and the time when that command began execution. This parameter is on by default. Note that even when enabled, this information is only visible to superusers, roles with privileges of the pg_read_all_stats role and the user owning the sessions being reported on (including sessions belonging to a role they have the privileges of), so it should not represent a security risk. Only superusers and users with the appropriate SET privilege can change this setting.

track_activity_query_size (integer)

Specifies the amount of memory reserved to store the text of the currently executing command for each active session, for the pg_stat_activity.query field. If this value is specified without units, it is taken as bytes. The default value is 1024 bytes. This parameter can only be set at server start.

track_counts (boolean)

Enables collection of statistics on database activity. This parameter is on by default, because the autovacuum daemon needs the collected information. Only superusers and users with the appropriate SET privilege can change this setting.

track_io_timing (boolean)

Enables timing of database I/O calls. This parameter is off by default, as it will repeatedly query the operating system for the current time, which may cause significant overhead on some platforms. You can use the pg_test_timing tool to measure the overhead of timing on your system. I/O timing information is displayed in pg_stat_database, in the output of EXPLAIN when the BUFFERS option is used, in the output of VACUUM when the VERBOSE option is used, by autovacuum for auto-vacuums and auto-analyzes, when log_autovacuum_min_duration is set and by pg_stat_statements. Only superusers and users with the appropriate SET privilege can change this setting.

track_wal_io_timing (boolean)

Enables timing of WAL I/O calls. This parameter is off by default, as it will repeatedly query the operating system for the current time, which may cause significant overhead on some platforms. You can use the pg_test_timing tool to measure the overhead of timing on your system. I/O timing information is displayed in pg_stat_wal. Only superusers and users with the appropriate SET privilege can change this setting.

track_functions (enum)

Enables tracking of function call counts and time used. Specify pl to track only procedural-language functions, all to also track SQL and C language functions. The default is none, which disables function statistics tracking. Only superusers and users with the appropriate SET privilege can change this setting.

Note

SQL-language functions that are simple enough to be inlined into the calling query will not be tracked, regardless of this setting.

stats_fetch_consistency (enum)

Determines the behavior when cumulative statistics are accessed multiple times within a transaction. When set to none, each access re-fetches counters from shared memory. When set to cache, the first access to statistics for an object caches those statistics until the end of the transaction unless pg_stat_clear_snapshot() is called. When set to snapshot, the first statistics access caches all statistics accessible in the current database, until the end of the transaction unless pg_stat_clear_snapshot() is called. The default is cache.

Note

none is most suitable for monitoring systems. If values are only accessed once, it is the most efficient. cache ensures repeat accesses yield the same values, which is important for queries involving e.g. self-joins. snapshot can be useful when interactively inspecting statistics, but has higher overhead, particularly if many database objects exist.

20.9.2. Statistics Monitoring

compute_query_id (enum)

Enables in-core computation of a query identifier. Query identifiers can be displayed in the pg_stat_activity view, using EXPLAIN, or emitted in the log if configured via the log_line_prefix parameter. The pg_stat_statements extension also requires a query identifier to be computed. Note that an external module can alternatively be used if the in-core query identifier computation method is not acceptable. In this case, in-core computation must be always disabled. Valid values are off (always disabled), on (always enabled), auto, which lets modules such as pg_stat_statements automatically enable it, and regress which has the same effect as auto, except that the query identifier is not shown in the EXPLAIN output in order to facilitate automated regression testing. The default is auto.

Note

To ensure that only one query identifier is calculated and displayed, extensions that calculate query identifiers should throw an error if a query identifier has already been computed.

log_statement_stats (boolean)
log_parser_stats (boolean)
log_planner_stats (boolean)
log_executor_stats (boolean)

For each query, output performance statistics of the respective module to the server log. This is a crude profiling instrument, similar to the Unix getrusage() operating system facility. log_statement_stats reports total statement statistics, while the others report per-module statistics. log_statement_stats cannot be enabled together with any of the per-module options. All of these options are disabled by default. Only superusers and users with the appropriate SET privilege can change these settings.