On 12/4/10 2:40 PM, Tom Lane wrote:
> [ pokes at that for a bit ... ] Ah, I had forgotten that UPDATE/DELETE
> go through inheritance_planner() while SELECT doesn't. And
> inheritance_planner() makes a copy of the querytree, including the
> already-expanded range table, for each target relation. So the memory
> usage is O(N^2) in the number of child tables.
Thanks for the pointer to the code and explanation.
In inheritance_planner(...) I see the memcpy of the input query tree, but for my example constraint exclusion would only result in one child being included. Or is the O(N^2) memory usage from elsewhere?
> It's difficult to do much better than that in the general case where the
> children might have different rowtypes from the parent: you need a
> distinct targetlist for each target relation. I expect that we can be a
> lot smarter when we have true partitioning support (which among other
> things is going to have to enforce that all the children have identical
> column sets).
Is this the same as saying that the inheritance_planner(...) can be avoided if it were known that the children have the same rowtype as the parent? Is it easy to check?
> But the inheritance mechanism was never intended to scale to anything like
> this number of children.
Unfortunately so. :(
When I push the number of child tables up to 10k, the SELECT planning starts to slow down (~1 sec), though no swapping.
> I remain of the opinion that you're using far too many child tables.
> Please note the statement at the bottom of
> Partitioning using these techniques will work well with up to
> perhaps a hundred partitions; don't try to use many thousands of
Thanks for the reference---I'm well aware of it, but it was not clear to me why: the reason I was structuring my partition inheritance as a tree, because I thought it was simply a case of time-to-scan the CHECK constraints at any level in the inheritance hierarchy. You've been a great help in helping my understanding PostgreSQL inheritance.
In response to
pgsql-performance by date
|Next:||From: John Papandriopoulos||Date: 2010-12-05 11:10:04|
|Subject: Re: Query-plan for partitioned UPDATE/DELETE slow and swaps
vmem compared to SELECT|
|Previous:||From: Jochen Erwied||Date: 2010-12-04 23:38:39|
|Subject: Re: Query-plan for partitioned UPDATE/DELETE slow and swaps vmem compared to SELECT|