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Re: Hardware recommendations to scale to silly load

From: William Yu <wyu(at)talisys(dot)com>
To: pgsql-performance(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: Hardware recommendations to scale to silly load
Date: 2003-08-29 07:05:03
Message-ID: bimtv0$o0l$ (view raw, whole thread or download thread mbox)
Lists: pgsql-hackerspgsql-performance
Shridhar Daithankar wrote:
>> Be careful here, we've seen that with the P4 Xeon's that are
>>hyper-threaded and a system that has very high disk I/O causes the
>>system to be sluggish and slow. But after disabling the hyper-threading
>>itself, our system flew..
> Anybody has opteron working? Hows' the performance?

Yes. I'm using an 2x 1.8GHz Opteron system w/ 8GB of RAM. Right now, I'm 
still using 32-bit Linux -- I'm letting others be the 64-bit guinea 
pigs. :) I probably will get a cheapie 1x Opteron machine first and test 
the 64-bit kernel/libraries thoroughly before rolling it out to production.

As for performance, the scaling is magnificient -- even when just using 
PAE instead of 64-bit addressing. At low transaction counts, it's only 
~75% faster than the 2x Athlon 1800+ MP it replaced. But once the 
transactions start coming in, the gap is as high as 5x. My w-a-g: since 
each CPU has an integrated memory controller, you avoid memory bus 
contention which is probably the major bottleneck as transaction load 
increases. (I've seen Opteron several vs Xeon comparisons where 
single-connection tests are par for both CPUs but heavy-load tests favor 
the Opteron by a wide margin.) I suspect the 4X comparisons would tilt 
even more towards AMD's favor.

We should see a boost when we move to 64-bit Linux and hopefully another 
one when NUMA for Linux is production-stable.

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