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Re: Slow set-returning functions

From: "Merlin Moncure" <mmoncure(at)gmail(dot)com>
To: "Heikki Linnakangas" <heikki(at)enterprisedb(dot)com>
Cc: "Dean Rasheed" <dean_rasheed(at)hotmail(dot)com>, pgsql-performance(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: Slow set-returning functions
Date: 2008-01-20 15:25:48
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Lists: pgsql-performance
On Jan 20, 2008 9:34 AM, Heikki Linnakangas <heikki(at)enterprisedb(dot)com> wrote:
> Dean Rasheed wrote:
> > I have been having difficulty with some functions which return sets of
> > rows. The functions seem to run very slowly, even though the queries
> > they run execute very quicky if I run them directly from psgl.
> > Typically these queries are only returning a few hundred rows with my
> > real data.
> >
> > I have had difficulty coming up with a simple test case, but the code
> > below usually shows the same problem. Sometimes I have to run the
> > setup code a few times before it happens - not sure why (I would
> > expect this to be deterministic), but perhaps there is some randomness
> > introduced by the sampling done by the analyse.
> >
> > The function foo() which has a hard-coded LIMIT always executes
> > quickly (comparable to running the query directly).
> >
> > However, the function foo(int) which is passed the same LIMIT as a
> > parameter executes around 30 times slower. The only difference is that
> > the LIMIT is a parameter to the function, although the LIMIT isn't
> > reached anyway in this case. Sometimes running this same script
> > generates data for which this function executes as fast as the other
> > one (which is always fast).
> This is clearly because the planner doesn't know what the value for the
> parameter will be at run time, so it chooses a plan that's not optimal
> for LIMIT 100.
> > Is there any way that I can see what execution plan is being used
> > internally by the functions?

prepared statements have the same problem.  IIRC the planner assumes
10%, which will often drop to a seqscan or a bitmap index scan.  Some
years back I argued (unsuccessfully) to have the planner guess 100
rows or something like that.  Ideally, I think it would generate the
plan from the value passed into the first invocation of the function.


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