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performance for high-volume log insertion

From: david(at)lang(dot)hm
To: pgsql-performance(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: performance for high-volume log insertion
Date: 2009-04-20 21:53:21
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Lists: pgsql-performance
I am working with the rsyslog developers to improve it's performance in 
inserting log messages to databases.

currently they have a postgres interface that works like all the other 
ones, where rsyslog formats an insert statement, passes that the the 
interface module, that sends it to postgres (yes, each log as a seperate 

the big win is going to be in changing the core of rsyslog so that it can 
process multiple messages at a time (bundling them into a single 

but then we run into confusion.

off the top of my head I know of several different ways to get the data 
into postgres

1. begin; insert; insert;...;end

2. insert into table values (),(),(),()

3. copy from stdin
   (how do you tell it how many records to read from stdin, or that you 
have given it everything without disconnecting)

4. copy from stdin in binary mode

and each of the options above can be done with prepared statements, stored 
procedures, or functions.

I know that using procedures or functions can let you do fancy things like 
inserting the row(s) into the appropriate section of a partitioned table

other than this sort of capability, what sort of differences should be 
expected between the various approaches (including prepared statements vs 

since the changes that rsyslog is making will affect all the other 
database interfaces as well, any comments about big wins or things to 
avoid for other databases would be appriciated.

David Lang


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Subject: Re: performance for high-volume log insertion
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