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Re: pg_trgm and slow bitmap index scan plan

From: Merlin Moncure <mmoncure(at)gmail(dot)com>
To: Mathieu De Zutter <mathieu(at)dezutter(dot)org>
Cc: pgsql-performance <pgsql-performance(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Subject: Re: pg_trgm and slow bitmap index scan plan
Date: 2012-08-28 13:27:24
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Lists: pgsql-performance
On Tue, Aug 28, 2012 at 2:39 AM, Mathieu De Zutter <mathieu(at)dezutter(dot)org> wrote:
> Hi all,
> I've been trying to apply pg_tgrm for the search-function of my application.
> The database fits a few times in the available RAM, and is mostly read-only.
> Plans, schema and configs in attachment. Postgresql version 9.1.4 on Debian.
> When just searching in one table, it behaves perfectly here. When I put
> constraints on multiple connected tables (performance and performer), it
> takes some bad decisions. Somehow the planner thinks that an index scan on a
> trigram index (on a string) is as fast as an index scan on a btree of an
> int. Because of that, it will combine both index scans into an "AND" bitmap
> index scan. Since this is done in a nested loop, the performance gets very
> bad. The trigram index scan should not be repeated as it is relatively slow
> and always the same query.
> When I disable bitmap scans, it will search on both tables and then hash
> everything together. This avoids launching the same index scan over and over
> again. This is much faster.
> Since my database is mostly in memory, I guess I could safely disable bitmap
> scan (or at least for some query), since I understand that this kind of scan
> is often a way to have a better IO performance. There's little IO in my
> setup.
> However, I'd rather get some help in fixing it right!

Yeah -- gist_trgm_ops is expensive and the planner is not taking that
into account.  I wonder if operator classes (pg_opclass) should have a
planner influencing costing component.


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