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Re: foreign keys for array/period contains relationships

From: Rod Taylor <rod(dot)taylor(at)gmail(dot)com>
To: Peter Eisentraut <peter_e(at)gmx(dot)net>
Cc: pgsql-hackers(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: foreign keys for array/period contains relationships
Date: 2011-03-20 15:18:06
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Lists: pgsql-hackers
On Mon, Oct 25, 2010 at 15:11, Peter Eisentraut <peter_e(at)gmx(dot)net> wrote:

> Example #4: PK is period, FK is timestamp.  FK must be contained in some
> PK period.
> CREATE TABLE pk (a period PRIMARY KEY, ...);
> CREATE TABLE fk (x timestamp REFERENCES pk (a), ...);
> As above, we can probably arrange the operator knowledge to make these
> checks.  But I think additionally, you'd need an exclusion constraint on
> the PK side to ensure nonoverlapping arrays/periods so that on
> update/delete restrict as well as cascading deletes work.

Additional interesting examples involve IP network containment using
> inet/cidr or ip4/ip4r.  There, you'd probably need additional syntax to
> tell the system explicitly which operators to use.

There are a large number of use-cases for this type of foreign key with
geometry ( PostGIS ) types as well. Point references Area or Line, Area
references Area, etc.

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