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Re: [GENERAL] Creation of tsearch2 index is very

From: Ron <rjpeace(at)earthlink(dot)net>
To: Tom Lane <tgl(at)sss(dot)pgh(dot)pa(dot)us>,pgsql-performance(at)postgresql(dot)org,
Subject: Re: [GENERAL] Creation of tsearch2 index is very
Date: 2006-01-21 12:22:32
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Lists: pgsql-generalpgsql-performance
At 07:23 PM 1/20/2006, Tom Lane wrote:
>"Steinar H. Gunderson" <sgunderson(at)bigfoot(dot)com> writes:
> > On Fri, Jan 20, 2006 at 06:52:37PM -0500, Tom Lane wrote:
> >> It's also worth considering that the entire approach is a heuristic,
> >> really --- getting the furthest-apart pair of seeds doesn't guarantee
> >> an optimal split as far as I can see.  Maybe there's some totally
> >> different way to do it.
> > For those of us who don't know what tsearch2/gist is trying to accomplish
> > here, could you provide some pointers? :-)
>Well, we're trying to split an index page that's gotten full into 
>two index pages, preferably with approximately equal numbers of items in
>each new page (this isn't a hard requirement though).

Maybe we are over thinking this.  What happens if we do the obvious 
and just make a new page and move the "last" n/2 items on the full 
page to the new page?

Various forms of "move the last n/2 items" can be tested here:
0= just split the table in half.  Sometimes KISS  works. O(1).
1= the one's with the highest (or lowest) "x" value.
2= the one's with the highest sum of coordinates (x+y+...= values in 
the top/bottom n/2 of entries).
3= split the table so that each table has entries whose size_waste 
values add up to approximately the same value.
4= I'm sure there are others.
1-5 can be done in O(n) time w/o auxiliary data.  They can be done in 
O(1) if we've kept track of the appropriate metric as we've built the 
current page.

>I think the true figure of merit for a split is how often will 
>subsequent searches have to descend into *both* of the resulting 
>pages as opposed to just one
>--- the less often that is true, the better.  I'm not very clear on 
>what tsearch2 is doing with these bitmaps, but it looks like an 
>upper page's downlink has the union (bitwise OR) of the one-bits in 
>the values on the lower page, and you have to visit the lower page 
>if this union has a nonempty intersection with the set you are 
>looking for.  If that's correct, what you really want is to divide 
>the values so that the unions of the two sets have minimal overlap 
>... which seems to me to have little to do with what the code does at present.
I'm not sure what "upper page" and "lower page" mean here?

>Teodor, Oleg, can you clarify what's needed here?
Ditto.  Guys what is the real motivation and purpose for this code?


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