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Re: find close (duplicate) points + create index

From: Tom Lane <tgl(at)sss(dot)pgh(dot)pa(dot)us>
To: Elinor Medezinski <elinor(at)bellatrix(dot)tau(dot)ac(dot)il>
Cc: pgsql-novice(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: find close (duplicate) points + create index
Date: 2004-03-10 14:58:22
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Lists: pgsql-novice
Elinor Medezinski <elinor(at)bellatrix(dot)tau(dot)ac(dot)il> writes:
> And then I found out that in postgres the only operator classes defined for 
> rtree indexes are: bigbox_ops, box_ops and poly_ops. Neither of which works 
> with points, only with type box and polygon. Therefore I also have to create 
> an operator class.

No you don't.  What you want is a functional index built on a box or polygon
surrounding the point.  For instance, given

regression=# create table p1 (point_a point);
regression=# create index p1i on p1 using rtree (box(point_a, point_a));

you could do searches for points enclosed in a specific box like this:

regression=# explain select * from p1 where box(point_a, point_a) && '(0,1),(0,1)'::box;
                           QUERY PLAN
 Index Scan using p1i on p1  (cost=0.00..17.07 rows=5 width=16)
   Index Cond: (box(point_a, point_a) && '(0,1),(0,1)'::box)
(2 rows)

since box-overlap (&&) is one of the rtree-indexable operators.

The most useful way to solve your original problem seems to be

regression=# explain select * from p1 a, p1 b where
regression-# box(a.point_a, a.point_a) && box(circle(b.point_a,sqrt(2)))
regression-# and (a.point_a <-> b.point_a) <= 1;
                                                     QUERY PLAN
 Nested Loop  (cost=0.01..17220.00 rows=1667 width=32)
   Join Filter: (("inner".point_a <-> "outer".point_a) <= 1::double precision)
   ->  Seq Scan on p1 b  (cost=0.00..20.00 rows=1000 width=16)
   ->  Index Scan using p1i on p1 a  (cost=0.01..17.07 rows=5 width=16)
         Index Cond: (box(a.point_a, a.point_a) && box(circle("outer".point_a, 1.4142135623731::double precision)))
(5 rows)

The indexable condition finds "a" rows that are within the bounding box
of a circle surrounding the "b" row, and then we only need to apply the
exact distance check to those rows.

(If you're wondering about the sqrt(2), there's an oddity in the
built-in circle-to-box function: it divides the circle radius
by sqrt(2).  I think this is a bug and will propose changing it
for 7.5.)

			regards, tom lane

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