Thanks for the reply.
On Thu, Feb 25, 2010 at 5:48 PM, Greg Smith <greg(at)2ndquadrant(dot)com> wrote:
> Yu-Ju Hong wrote:
>> 2. Moreover, the disk utilization was high and the "await" time from
>> iostat is around 500 ms. Could disk I/O limit the overall throughput? The
>> server has 2 SATA disks, one for system and postgresql and the other is
>> dedicated to logging (pg_xlog). As far as I understand, modern database
>> systems should be CPU-bound rather than I/O-bound, is it because I did not
>> perform adequate performance tuning?
> dbt2 is almost exclusively disk I/O bound once the data set gets big
> enough. There are some applications where most of the data fits in RAM and
> therefore CPU performance is the limiter. dbt2 is exactly the opposite of
> such an application though, and the idea that "modern database systems
> should be CPU bound" is not really true at all. That's only the case if the
> data you're operating on fits in RAM. Otherwise, databases are just as I/O
> bound as they've always been. Main thing that's changed is there's a lot
> more RAM in systems nowadays.
In my test, there was almost no disk reads (mostly disk writes), so I
assumed the size of the database didn't cause the performance bottleneck.
Maybe I was wrong. If so, should I increase shared_buffer?
Assuming that dbt2 was limited by disk I/O in my experiments, do you think
the numbers I got with my server configuration are reasonable?
Also, would you mind giving some examples where the applications are CPU
bound? That could be useful information to me.
> By the way: a large increase in checkpoint_segments is the first thing you
> should do. If you check the database logs, they're probably filled with
> complaints about it being too low. 32 would be a useful starting value,
> going much higher for a test that's only 10 minutes long is probably
I increased the checkpoint_segments to 10 when I ran the tests. I'll
certainly increase it to 32 and give it a try.
> Greg Smith 2ndQuadrant US Baltimore, MD
> PostgreSQL Training, Services and Support
> greg(at)2ndQuadrant(dot)com www.2ndQuadrant.us <http://www.2ndquadrant.us/>
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