On 12/19/12 6:30 PM, Jeff Davis wrote:
> The idea is to prevent interference from the bgwriter or autovacuum.
> Also, I turn of fsync so that it's measuring the calculation overhead,
> not the effort of actually writing to disk.
With my test server issues sorted, what I did was setup a single 7200RPM
drive with a battery-backed write cache card. That way fsync doesn't
bottleneck things. And I to realized that limit had to be cracked
before anything use useful could be done. Having the BBWC card is a bit
better than fsync=off, because we'll get something more like the
production workload out of it. I/O will be realistic, but limited to
only one one drive can pull off.
> Without checksums, it takes about 1000ms. With checksums, about 2350ms.
> I also tested with checksums but without the CHECKPOINT commands above,
> and it was also 1000ms.
I think we need to use lower checkpoint_segments to try and trigger more
checkpoints. My 10 minute pgbench-tool runs will normally have at most
3 checkpoints. I would think something like 10 would be more useful, to
make sure we're spending enough time seeing extra WAL writes;
> This test is more plausible than the other two, so it's more likely to
> be a real problem. So, the biggest cost of checksums is, by far, the
> extra full-page images in WAL, which matches our expectations.
What I've done with pgbench-tools is actually measure the amount of WAL
from the start to the end of the test run. To analyze it you need to
scale it a bit; computing "wal bytes / commit" seems to work.
pgbench-tools also launches vmstat and isstat in a way that it's
possible to graph the values later. The interesting results I'm seeing
are when the disk is about 80% busy and when it's 100% busy.
Greg Smith 2ndQuadrant US greg(at)2ndQuadrant(dot)com Baltimore, MD
PostgreSQL Training, Services, and 24x7 Support www.2ndQuadrant.com
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