Re: Progress reporting for pg_verify_checksums

From: Michael Banck <michael(dot)banck(at)credativ(dot)de>
To: Fabien COELHO <coelho(at)cri(dot)ensmp(dot)fr>
Cc: pgsql-hackers <pgsql-hackers(at)postgresql(dot)org>, Alvaro Herrera <alvherre(at)2ndquadrant(dot)com>
Subject: Re: Progress reporting for pg_verify_checksums
Date: 2018-09-19 21:11:03
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thanks for the review!

On Wed, Sep 19, 2018 at 05:17:05PM +0200, Fabien COELHO wrote:
> >>This optionally prints the progress of pg_verify_checksums via read
> >>kilobytes to the terminal with the new command line argument -P.
> >>
> >>If -P was forgotten and pg_verify_checksums operates on a large cluster,
> >>the caller can send SIGUSR1 to pg_verify_checksums to turn progress
> >>status reporting on during runtime.
> >
> >Version 2 of the patch is attached. This is rebased to master as of
> >422952ee and changes the signal handling to be a toggle as suggested by
> >Alvaro.
> Patch applies cleanly and compiles.
> About tests: "make check" is okay, but ITSM that the command is not started
> once, ever, in any test:-( It is unclear whether any test triggers checksums
> anyway...

Yeah, this was discussed on another thread and some basic tap tests for
pg_verify_checksums were proposed (also by me), but this hasn't been
further addressed.

Personally, I think this would be a good thing to add to v11 even.

In any case, this particular feature might not be very easy to tap test,
but I am open to suggestions, of course.

> The time() granularity to the second makes the result awkward on small
> tests:
> 8/1554552 kB (0%, 8 kB/s)
> 1040856/1554552 kB (66%, 1040856 kB/s)
> 1554552/1554552 kB (100%, 1554552 kB/s)
> I'd suggest to reuse the "portability/instr_time.h" stuff which allows a
> much better precision.
> The "kB" kilo-byte symbols stands for 1000 bytes, but you are displaying
> 1024-bytes kilos, which symbol is either "KiB" or "KB". Given that we are
> about storage which is usually measured in powers of 1,000, so I'd suggest
> to use thousands.
> Another reserve I have is that on any hardware it is likely that there will
> be a lot of kilos, so maybe megas (MB) should be used instead.

The display is exactly the same as in pg_basebackup (except the
bandwith is shown as well), so right now I think it is more useful to be
consistent here. So if we change that, pg_basebackup should be changed
as well I think.

Maybe the code could be factored out to some common file in the future.

> I'm wondering whether the bandwidth display should be local (from the last
> display) or global (from the start of the command), but for the last forced
> one. This is an open question.

> Maybe it would be nice to show elapsed time and expected completion time
> based on the current speed.

Maybe; this could be added to the factored out common code I mentioned

> I would be in favor or having this turned on by default, and silenced with
> some option. I'm not sure other people would agree, though, so it is an open
> question as well.

If this runs in a script, it would be pretty annoying, so everybody
would have to add --no-progress so I am not convinced. Also, both
pg_basebackup and pgbench don't show progress by default.

> About the code:
> + if (show_progress)
> + show_progress = false;
> + else
> + show_progress = true;
> Why not a simple:
> /* invert current state */
> show_progress = !show_progress;

Fair enough.

> I do not see much advantage in using intermediate string buffers for values:
> + snprintf(totalstr, sizeof(totalstr), INT64_FORMAT,
> + total_size / 1024);
> + snprintf(currentstr, sizeof(currentstr), INT64_FORMAT,
> + current_size / 1024);
> + snprintf(currspeedstr, sizeof(currspeedstr), INT64_FORMAT,
> + (current_size / 1024) / (((time(NULL) - scan_started) == 0) ? 1 : (time(NULL) - scan_started)));
> + fprintf(stderr, "%s/%s kB (%d%%, %s kB/s)",
> + currentstr, totalstr, total_percent, currspeedstr);
> ISTM that just one simple fprintf would be fine:
> fprintf(stderr, INT64_FORMAT "/" INT64_FORMAT " ...",
> formulas for each slot...);

That code is adopted from pg_basebackup.c and the comment there says:

| * Separate step to keep platform-dependent format code out of
| * translatable strings. And we only test for INT64_FORMAT
| * availability in snprintf, not fprintf.

So that sounds legit to me.

> ISTM that this line overwriting trick deserves a comment:
> + if (isatty(fileno(stderr)))
> + fprintf(stderr, "\r");
> + else
> + fprintf(stderr, "\n");

I agree a comment should be in there. But that code is also taken
verbatim from pg_basebackup.c (but this time, there's no comment there,

How about this:

| * If we are reporting to a terminal, send a carriage return so that
| * we stay on the same line. If not, send a newline.

> And it runs a little amok with "-v".

Do you suggest we should make those mutually exlusive? I agree that in
general, -P is not very useful if -v is on, but if you have a really big
table, it should still be, no?

> + memset(&act, '\0', sizeof(act));
> pg uses 0 instead of '\0' everywhere else.


> + /* Make sure we just report at least once a second */
> + if ((now == last_progress_update) && !force) return;
> The comments seems contradictory, I understand the code makes sure that it
> is "at most" once a second.

I guess you're right as the identical code in pg_basebackup.c has a
comment saying "Max once per second".

> Pgbench uses "-P XXX" to strigger a progress
> report every XXX second. I'm unsure whether it would be useful to allow the
> user to change the 1 second display interval.

I think pgbench writes a new line for each report? In that case, having
it every second for longer runs might be annoying and I can see the
point in having in configurable.

In the case of pg_basebackup/pg_verify_checksums, I guess 1 second is

> I'm not sure why you removed one unrelated line:
> #include "storage/checksum.h"
> #include "storage/checksum_impl.h"
> -
> static int64 files = 0;
> static int64 blocks = 0;
> static int64 badblocks = 0;

Merge error on my side I guess, will fix.

> There is a problem in the scan_file code: The added sizeonly parameter is
> not used. It should be removed.

Right, this might have been a leftover from an earlier version of the
code, I'll check back with Bernd to make sure that was not a
porting/merge error on my side.

I've attached V3 of the patch, addressing some of your comments.


Michael Banck
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Attachment Content-Type Size
pg_verify_checksums_progress_V3.patch text/x-diff 7.1 KB

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