Allow predicate_refuted_by() to deduce that NOT A refutes A.
We had originally made the stronger assumption that NOT A refutes any B
if B implies A, but this fails in three-valued logic, because we need to
prove B is false not just that it's not true. However the logic does
go through if B is equal to A.
Recognizing this limited case is enough to handle examples that arise when
we have simplified "bool_var = true" or "bool_var = false" to just "bool_var"
or "NOT bool_var". If we had not done that simplification then the
btree-operator proof logic would have been able to prove that the expressions
were contradictory, but only for identical expressions being compared to the
constants; so handling identical A and B covers all the same cases.
The motivation for doing this is to avoid unexpected asymmetrical behavior
when a partitioned table uses a boolean partitioning column, as in today's
gripe from Dominik Sander.
Back-patch to 8.2, which is as far back as predicate_refuted_by attempts to
do anything at all with NOTs.
predtest.c (r220.127.116.11 -> r18.104.22.168)
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