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Re: AW: functions returning records

From: Karel Zak <zakkr(at)zf(dot)jcu(dot)cz>
To: Alex Pilosov <alex(at)pilosoft(dot)com>
Cc: Reinoud van Leeuwen <reinoud(at)xs4all(dot)nl>, pgsql-hackers(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: AW: functions returning records
Date: 2001-06-27 12:09:38
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Lists: pgsql-hackers
On Wed, Jun 27, 2001 at 06:54:27AM -0400, Alex Pilosov wrote:
> On Wed, 27 Jun 2001, Karel Zak wrote:
> > On Wed, Jun 27, 2001 at 10:56:43AM +0200, Reinoud van Leeuwen wrote:
> > > > 
> > > >>  For the result from foo() you must somewhere define attributes
> > > >>  (names). 
> > > >> Where? In CREATE FUNCTION statement? Possible must be:
> > > >> 
> > > >>  select name1, name2 from foo() where name1 > 10;
> > > > 
> > > > Yes, optimal would imho also be if the foo() somehow had access to the
> > > > where restriction, so it could only produce output, that the
> > > > higher level is interested in, very cool. This would be extremely 
> > > > useful for me. Very hard to implement, or even find an appropriate 
> > > > interface for though.
> > > 
> > > You could easily implement it *in* the function foo IMHO. Since the 
> > > function does some black magic to create the result set to begin with, you 
> > > can change it to use parameters:
> > > 
> > > select name1, name2 from foo(10, NULL, NULL) where name1 > 10;
> > 
> >  The function execution (data reading, etc) is almost last thing in the 
> > path-of-query. The parser, planner and others parts of PG must already 
> > knows enough information about a "relation" foo(). I don't know how much 
> > is intimate idea about this (Tom?), but somewhere in the pg_class / 
> > pg_attribute must be something about foo() result. (*IMHO* of course:) 
> > 
> >  I can't imagine that foo() builts on-the-fly arbitrary attributes.
> > 
> >  By the way, what permissions? For select (view) we can do GRANT/REVOKE, 
> > and for select * from foo()? For standard tables it's in the 
> > pg_class.relacl. IMHO solution is add foo() to pg_class and mark here
> > oid of function foo() from pg_proc, and attributes definition store
> > to pg_attribute -- everything as for standard table. The source for 
> > this information must be from CREATE FUNCTION statement, like:
> > 
> >  CREATE FUNCTION foo RETURNS( name1 int, name2 text) ....;
> > 
> > If the foo is in the pg_class you can do "GRANT ... ON foo";
> I'm planning to require return type to be a existing pg_type already. The

 Sure, nobody wants to works with something other than is in the 

> problem with your idea is question if you have two functions (for example)
> foo(timestamp) and foo(int4), you must embed the types into relname, and
> that's ugly.

 Good point. First, you needn't work with types, bacause function oid 
is unique for foo(timestamp) and foo(int4). You can work with function
oid. But this is not important. 

 The important thing is that in the PostgreSQL is already resolved very 
simular problem. We can define function with same names, unique must
be function_name + arguments_types. Why not add same thing for tables and 
allows to define as unique table_name + table_type (where table_type
is 'standard table', 'foo() table' and in future may be some other 
special type of table). 
 The parser detect type of table very easy -- 'foo' vs. 'foo()'. 

 IMHO very important is how add new feature and use it together with
old feature.
> Once its possible to control permission to execute a function via GRANT,
> it solves the grant problem for function-as-tablesource
 The permissions system was an example only. If you add "foo()-tables"
as something what needs special usage and care you probably found more
problems. For example, what show command '\d' in the psql client, how
relation show pg_access ..etc? 


 Karel Zak  <zakkr(at)zf(dot)jcu(dot)cz>
 C, PostgreSQL, PHP, WWW,,

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