BUG #15548: Unaccent does not remove combining diacritical characters

From: PG Bug reporting form <noreply(at)postgresql(dot)org>
To: pgsql-bugs(at)lists(dot)postgresql(dot)org
Cc: hugh(at)whtc(dot)ca
Subject: BUG #15548: Unaccent does not remove combining diacritical characters
Date: 2018-12-12 20:00:45
Message-ID: 15548-cef1b3f8de190d4f@postgresql.org
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The following bug has been logged on the website:

Bug reference: 15548
Logged by: Hugh Ranalli
Email address: hugh(at)whtc(dot)ca
PostgreSQL version: 11.1
Operating system: Ubuntu 18.04
Description:

Apparently Unicode has two ways of accenting a character: as a separate code
point, which represents the base character and the accent, or as a
"combining diacritical mark"
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Combining_Diacritical_Marks), in which case
the mark applies itself to the preceding character. For example, A followed
by U+0300 displays À. However, unaccent is not removing these accents.

SELECT unaccent(U&'A\0300'); should result in 'A', but instead results in
'À.' I'm running PostgreSQL 11.1, installed from the PostgreSQL
repositories. I've read bug report #13440, and have tried with both the
installed unaccent.rules as well as a new set generated by the
generate_unaccent_rules.py distributed with the 11.1 source code:
wget http://unicode.org/Public/7.0.0/ucd/UnicodeData.txt
wget
https://www.unicode.org/repos/cldr/trunk/common/transforms/Latin-ASCII.xml
python generate_unaccent_rules.py --unicode-data-file UnicodeData.txt
--latin-ascii-file Latin-ASCII.xml > unaccent.rules

I see there have been some updates to generate_unaccent_rules.py to handle
Greek and Vietnamese characters, but neither of them seem to address this
issue. I'm happy to contribute a patch to handle these cases, but of course
wanted to make sure this is desired behaviour, or if I am misunderstanding
something somewhere.

Thank you,
Hugh Ranalli

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