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DB wide Vacuum(Goes thru readonly tables) vs Autovacuum

From: Ow Mun Heng <Ow(dot)Mun(dot)Heng(at)wdc(dot)com>
To: pgsql general <pgsql-general(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Subject: DB wide Vacuum(Goes thru readonly tables) vs Autovacuum
Date: 2008-01-25 03:49:03
Message-ID: (view raw, whole thread or download thread mbox)
Lists: pgsql-general
I'm currently seeing more and more problems with vacuum as the DB size
gets bigger and bigger. (~220GB+)

Bear in mind that I'm working on a fairly big DB with unfairly sized
hardware (Celeron 1.7G, 2x500G Raid1 dbspace1, 1x500Gb dbspace2, 1x80G
system, 768MB Ram, 2G Swap on dspace2)

IO is main bottleneck when doing the vacuum and I've had vacuum stuck on
a particular 5gb table for over 5 hours w/o moving and I've to kill the
entire DB and restart)

Right now, I've already implemented partitioning of some of the huge
tables (weekly) and moved the older ones to read-only tables which does
not have updates/deletes etc.

I'm doing both autovacuum and nightly vacuum. The nightly vacuum is DB
wide (so tht I can see where is the FSM) and this is un-necessary(?)
hitting the read-only tables. Is there a way to specify it to _not_
vacuum those tables and yet still give me the FSM? (if I vacuum based on
per-table via vacuumdb, I won't get the FSM information)

autovacuum = on                         # enable autovacuum subprocess?
autovacuum_vacuum_threshold = 200       # min # of tuple updates before
autovacuum_vacuum_scale_factor = 0.03   # fraction of rel size before
autovacuum_analyze_scale_factor = 0.02  # fraction of rel size before

I've bumped maintenance_work_mem from 32 to 64 and now to 128mb and I've
stopped all activity on the DB while I'm vacuuming and I see that
setting it to 128MB is keeping things zippy.

Any comments would be appreciated on how best to tune this. (with the
aforementioned hardware limitation)

ps : Shared buffers = 200mb
effective cache size = 350mb

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