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Re: JDBC driver, PGSQL 7.3.2 and accents characters

From: Csaba Nagy <nagy(at)ecircle-ag(dot)com>
To: Daniel Bruce Lynes <dlynes(at)shaw(dot)ca>
Cc: pgsql-jdbc(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: JDBC driver, PGSQL 7.3.2 and accents characters
Date: 2003-03-20 09:21:01
Message-ID: (view raw, whole thread or download thread mbox)
Lists: pgsql-jdbc
Your procedure makes absolutely no sense, as Strings are always stored
as Unicode in Java. So what you propose is basically this:
- you have a Unicode-encoded string in the first place;
- encode that string to the "text" byte array using "ISO-8859-1";
- read back the "ISO-8859-1"-encoded byte array to a Unicode String
interpreting the bytes using "UTF-8" encoding... which will more than
likely give you errors, because it is NOT "UTF-8".


On Thu, 2003-03-20 at 00:11, Daniel Bruce Lynes wrote:
> On Wednesday 19 March 2003 01:35, Davide Romanini wrote:
> > I've nice problems with the jdbc driver. I've tried with the jdbc2,
> > jdbc, latest stable and also development release.
> > I've a database in postgres with some varchar fields. The database is
> > SQL_ASCII as char encoding. In that varchar fields I've stored also
> > names with accents such è, à, ì etc... They work fine using the psql
> > program, and also linking tables to access through the odbc driver. But
> > when I try to use jdbc to connect to database my accents fail to load.
> > For example I have the string 'Forlì Sud'. When I try to
> > system.out.println this string catched by jdbc with rs.getString, I see
> > this string instead of the original one: 'Forl?ud'.
> > I've tried also to use different character sets in the connection url
> > like ISO-8859-1, UNICODE, WIN, SQL_ASCII but didn't change anything.
> >
> > Please help me, because this bug makes java and jdbc pretty unusable to
> > connect pgsql databases.
> I doubt very much it's a bug in pgsql.  It's probably more than likely a 
> misunderstanding on your part about how character sets work in Java.
> I'm guessing Barry Lind didn't read the last part of your message, or he 
> probably would've known what the problem was, as well.
> He is correct however, in stating that PostgreSQL probably will not allow you 
> to save accented characters in a database with an encoding of SQL_ASCII.  
> You'll need to use SQL_UNICODE(?) as the encoding, more than likely.
> Because your character set is iso-8859-1 however, you'll need to convert the 
> strings to Unicode first, before saving to the database.
> You do this as follows:
> 	byte[] text=myString.getBytes("iso-8859-1") ;
> 	String myNewString=new String(text,"utf-8") ;
> 	stmt.setString(x,myNewString) ;
> To get it back out, try the following:
> 	String myString=rs.getString(x) ;
> 	byte[] text=myString.getBytes("utf-8") ;
> 	String myNewString=new String(text,"iso-8859-1") ;
> If you want your code to be portable, I should insist on you specifying the 
> character set every time for getting bytes and creating strings.  The reason 
> being is that different operating environments will have different default 
> character sets.  For instance, in our office, I've got three default 
> character sets.  On one Linux machine, it's ISO-8859-1, on another, it's 
> GB2312-80, and on the Windows machines it's CP859(?).  The codepage in 
> question on Windows is Microsoftese for ISO-8859-1/Latin 1/US ASCII with 
> Latin A, depending on which standard you're used to.  It's also often 
> referred to as CP437 (DOS and OS/2).
> ---------------------------(end of broadcast)---------------------------
> TIP 4: Don't 'kill -9' the postmaster

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