pg_recvlogical controls logical decoding replication slots and streams data from such replication slots.
It creates a replication-mode connection, so it is subject to the same constraints as pg_receivexlog, plus those for logical replication (see Chapter 47).
At least one of the following options must be specified to select an action:
Create a new logical replication slot with the name specified by --slot, using the output plugin specified by --plugin, for the database specified by --dbname.
Drop the replication slot with the name specified by --slot, then exit.
Begin streaming changes from the logical replication slot specified by --slot, continuing until terminated by a signal. If the server side change stream ends with a server shutdown or disconnect, retry in a loop unless --no-loop is specified.
The stream format is determined by the output plugin specified when the slot was created.
The connection must be to the same database used to create the slot.
--create-slot and --start can be specified together. --drop-slot cannot be combined with another action.
The following command-line options control the location and format of the output and other replication behavior:
Write received and decoded transaction data into this file. Use - for stdout.
Specifies how often pg_recvlogical should issue
fsync() calls to ensure the output file is safely flushed to disk.
The server will occasionally request the client to perform a flush and report the flush position to the server. This setting is in addition to that, to perform flushes more frequently.
Specifying an interval of 0 disables issuing
fsync() calls altogether, while still reporting progress to the server. In this case, data could be lost in the event of a crash.
In --start mode, start replication from the given LSN. For details on the effect of this, see the documentation in Chapter 47 and Section 51.3. Ignored in other modes.
Do not error out when --create-slot is specified and a slot with the specified name already exists.
When the connection to the server is lost, do not retry in a loop, just exit.
Pass the option name to the output plugin with, if specified, the option value value. Which options exist and their effects depends on the used output plugin.
When creating a slot, use the specified logical decoding output plugin. See Chapter 47. This option has no effect if the slot already exists.
This option has the same effect as the option of the same name in pg_receivexlog. See the description there.
In --start mode, use the existing logical replication slot named slot_name. In --create-slot mode, create the slot with this name. In --drop-slot mode, delete the slot with this name.
Enables verbose mode.
The following command-line options control the database connection parameters.
The database to connect to. See the description of the actions for what this means in detail. The dbname can be a connection string. If so, connection string parameters will override any conflicting command line options. Defaults to the user name.
Specifies the host name of the machine on which the server is running. If the value begins with a slash, it is used as the directory for the Unix domain socket. The default is taken from the PGHOST environment variable, if set, else a Unix domain socket connection is attempted.
Specifies the TCP port or local Unix domain socket file extension on which the server is listening for connections. Defaults to the PGPORT environment variable, if set, or a compiled-in default.
User name to connect as. Defaults to current operating system user name.
Never issue a password prompt. If the server requires password authentication and a password is not available by other means such as a .pgpass file, the connection attempt will fail. This option can be useful in batch jobs and scripts where no user is present to enter a password.
Force pg_recvlogical to prompt for a password before connecting to a database.
This option is never essential, since pg_recvlogical will automatically prompt for a password if the server demands password authentication. However, pg_recvlogical will waste a connection attempt finding out that the server wants a password. In some cases it is worth typing -W to avoid the extra connection attempt.
The following additional options are available:
Print the pg_recvlogical version and exit.
Show help about pg_recvlogical command line arguments, and exit.
This utility, like most other PostgreSQL utilities, uses the environment variables supported by libpq (see Section 32.14).
See Section 47.1 for an example.