As always, there are some functions that just don't fit anywhere.
Frees memory allocated by libpq.
void PQfreemem(void *ptr);
Frees memory allocated by libpq, particularly
PQnotifies. It is particularly important
that this function, rather than
free(), be used on Microsoft Windows.
This is because allocating memory in a DLL and releasing it
in the application works only if
multithreaded/single-threaded, release/debug, and
static/dynamic flags are the same for the DLL and the
application. On non-Microsoft Windows platforms, this
function is the same as the standard library function
Frees the data structures allocated by
void PQconninfoFree(PQconninfoOption *connOptions);
not do for this, since the array contains references to
Prepares the encrypted form of a PostgreSQL password.
char * PQencryptPassword(const char *passwd, const char *user);
This function is intended to be used by client
applications that wish to send commands like ALTER USER joe PASSWORD 'pwd'. It is good
practice not to send the original cleartext password in
such a command, because it might be exposed in command
logs, activity displays, and so on. Instead, use this
function to convert the password to encrypted form before
it is sent. The arguments are the cleartext password, and
the SQL name of the user it is for. The return value is a
string allocated by
or NULL if out of memory. The
caller can assume the string doesn't contain any special
characters that would require escaping. Use
PQfreemem to free the result when done
Constructs an empty PGresult object with the given status.
PGresult *PQmakeEmptyPGresult(PGconn *conn, ExecStatusType status);
This is libpq's
internal function to allocate and initialize an empty
PGresult object. This function
returns NULL if memory could not be
allocated. It is exported because some applications find it
useful to generate result objects (particularly objects
with error status) themselves. If conn is not null and status indicates an error, the current
error message of the specified connection is copied into
the PGresult. Also, if
conn is not null, any event
procedures registered in the connection are copied into the
PGresult. (They do not get
PGEVT_RESULTCREATE calls, but see
eventually be called on the object, just as with a
PGresult returned by
Fires a PGEVT_RESULTCREATE event (see Section 31.12) for each event procedure registered in the PGresult object. Returns non-zero for success, zero if any event procedure fails.
int PQfireResultCreateEvents(PGconn *conn, PGresult *res);
The conn argument is passed through to event procedures but not used directly. It can be NULL if the event procedures won't use it.
Event procedures that have already received a PGEVT_RESULTCREATE or PGEVT_RESULTCOPY event for this object are not fired again.
The main reason that this function is separate from
PQmakeEmptyPGresult is that
it is often appropriate to create a PGresult and fill it with data before
invoking the event procedures.
Makes a copy of a PGresult
object. The copy is not linked to the source result in any
PQclear must be
called when the copy is no longer needed. If the function
fails, NULL is returned.
PGresult *PQcopyResult(const PGresult *src, int flags);
This is not intended to make an exact copy. The returned result is always put into PGRES_TUPLES_OK status, and does not copy any error message in the source. (It does copy the command status string, however.) The flags argument determines what else is copied. It is a bitwise OR of several flags. PG_COPYRES_ATTRS specifies copying the source result's attributes (column definitions). PG_COPYRES_TUPLES specifies copying the source result's tuples. (This implies copying the attributes, too.) PG_COPYRES_NOTICEHOOKS specifies copying the source result's notify hooks. PG_COPYRES_EVENTS specifies copying the source result's events. (But any instance data associated with the source is not copied.)
Sets the attributes of a PGresult object.
int PQsetResultAttrs(PGresult *res, int numAttributes, PGresAttDesc *attDescs);
The provided attDescs are copied into the result. If the attDescs pointer is NULL or numAttributes is less than one, the request is ignored and the function succeeds. If res already contains attributes, the function will fail. If the function fails, the return value is zero. If the function succeeds, the return value is non-zero.
Sets a tuple field value of a PGresult object.
int PQsetvalue(PGresult *res, int tup_num, int field_num, char *value, int len);
The function will automatically grow the result's
internal tuples array as needed. However, the tup_num argument must be less than or
this function can only grow the tuples array one tuple at a
time. But any field of any existing tuple can be modified
in any order. If a value at field_num already exists, it will be
overwritten. If len is -1 or
value is NULL, the field value will be set to an SQL
null value. The value is copied
into the result's private storage, thus is no longer needed
after the function returns. If the function fails, the
return value is zero. If the function succeeds, the return
value is non-zero.
Allocate subsidiary storage for a PGresult object.
void *PQresultAlloc(PGresult *res, size_t nBytes);
Any memory allocated with this function will be freed
when res is cleared. If the
function fails, the return value is NULL. The result is guaranteed to be
adequately aligned for any type of data, just as for
Return the version of libpq that is being used.
The result of this function can be used to determine, at
run time, if specific functionality is available in the
currently loaded version of libpq. The function can be
used, for example, to determine which connection options
are available for
or if the hex bytea output added in PostgreSQL 9.0 is
The number is formed by converting the major, minor, and revision numbers into two-decimal-digit numbers and appending them together. For example, version 9.1 will be returned as 90100, and version 9.1.2 will be returned as 90102 (leading zeroes are not shown).
Note: This function appeared in PostgreSQL version 9.1, so it cannot be used to detect required functionality in earlier versions, since linking to it will create a link dependency on version 9.1.