pg_waldump — display a human-readable rendering of the write-ahead log of a PostgreSQL database cluster
pg_waldump displays the write-ahead log (WAL) and is mainly useful for debugging or educational purposes.
This utility can only be run by the user who installed the server, because it requires read-only access to the data directory.
The following command-line options control the location and format of the output:
Start reading at the specified log segment file. This implicitly determines the path in which files will be searched for, and the timeline to use.
Stop after reading the specified log segment file.
Output detailed information about backup blocks.
Stop reading at the specified WAL location, instead of reading to the end of the log stream.
After reaching the end of valid WAL, keep polling once per second for new WAL to appear.
Display the specified number of records, then stop.
Specifies a directory to search for log segment files or a directory with a
pg_wal subdirectory that contains such files. The default is to search in the current directory, the
pg_wal subdirectory of the current directory, and the
pg_wal subdirectory of
Do not print any output, except for errors. This option can be useful when you want to know whether a range of WAL records can be successfully parsed but don't care about the record contents.
Only display records generated by the specified resource manager. If
list is passed as name, print a list of valid resource manager names, and exit.
WAL location at which to start reading. The default is to start reading the first valid log record found in the earliest file found.
Timeline from which to read log records. The default is to use the value in
startseg, if that is specified; otherwise, the default is 1.
Print the pg_waldump version and exit.
Only display records marked with the given transaction ID.
Display summary statistics (number and size of records and full-page images) instead of individual records. Optionally generate statistics per-record instead of per-rmgr.
Show help about pg_waldump command line arguments, and exit.
Data directory; see also the
Specifies whether to use color in diagnostic messages. Possible values are
Can give wrong results when the server is running.
Only the specified timeline is displayed (or the default, if none is specified). Records in other timelines are ignored.
pg_waldump cannot read WAL files with suffix
.partial. If those files need to be read,
.partial suffix needs to be removed from the file name.