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51.33. pg_opclass

The catalog pg_opclass defines index access method operator classes. Each operator class defines semantics for index columns of a particular data type and a particular index access method. An operator class essentially specifies that a particular operator family is applicable to a particular indexable column data type. The set of operators from the family that are actually usable with the indexed column are whichever ones accept the column's data type as their left-hand input.

Operator classes are described at length in Section 37.16.

Table 51.33. pg_opclass Columns

Column Type


oid oid

Row identifier

opcmethod oid (references pg_am.oid)

Index access method operator class is for

opcname name

Name of this operator class

opcnamespace oid (references pg_namespace.oid)

Namespace of this operator class

opcowner oid (references pg_authid.oid)

Owner of the operator class

opcfamily oid (references pg_opfamily.oid)

Operator family containing the operator class

opcintype oid (references pg_type.oid)

Data type that the operator class indexes

opcdefault bool

True if this operator class is the default for opcintype

opckeytype oid (references pg_type.oid)

Type of data stored in index, or zero if same as opcintype

An operator class's opcmethod must match the opfmethod of its containing operator family. Also, there must be no more than one pg_opclass row having opcdefault true for any given combination of opcmethod and opcintype.