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21.5. Default Roles

PostgreSQL provides a set of default roles which provide access to certain, commonly needed, privileged capabilities and information. Administrators can GRANT these roles to users and/or other roles in their environment, providing those users with access to the specified capabilities and information.

The default roles are described in Table 21.1. Note that the specific permissions for each of the default roles may change in the future as additional capabilities are added. Administrators should monitor the release notes for changes.

Table 21.1. Default Roles

Role Allowed Access
pg_read_all_settings Read all configuration variables, even those normally visible only to superusers.
pg_read_all_stats Read all pg_stat_* views and use various statistics related extensions, even those normally visible only to superusers.
pg_stat_scan_tables Execute monitoring functions that may take AccessShareLocks on tables, potentially for a long time.
pg_signal_backend Send signals to other backends (eg: cancel query, terminate).
pg_monitor Read/execute various monitoring views and functions. This role is a member of pg_read_all_settings, pg_read_all_stats and pg_stat_scan_tables.

The pg_monitor, pg_read_all_settings, pg_read_all_stats and pg_stat_scan_tables roles are intended to allow administrators to easily configure a role for the purpose of monitoring the database server. They grant a set of common privileges allowing the role to read various useful configuration settings, statistics and other system information normally restricted to superusers.

Care should be taken when granting these roles to ensure they are only used where needed to perform the desired monitoring.

Administrators can grant access to these roles to users using the GRANT command:

GRANT pg_signal_backend TO admin_user;

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