Release date: 2017-02-09
This release contains a variety of fixes from 9.6.1. For information about new features in the 9.6 major release, see Section E.21.
A dump/restore is not required for those running 9.6.X.
However, if your installation has been affected by the bug described in the first changelog entry below, then after updating you may need to take action to repair corrupted indexes.
Also, if you are upgrading from a version earlier than 9.6.1, see Section E.20.
Fix a race condition that could cause indexes built
CONCURRENTLY to be corrupt (Pavan Deolasee, Tom
CONCURRENTLY was used to build an index that
depends on a column not previously indexed, then rows
updated by transactions that ran concurrently with the
CREATE INDEX command could
have received incorrect index entries. If you suspect
this may have happened, the most reliable solution is to
rebuild affected indexes after installing this
Ensure that the special snapshot used for catalog scans is not invalidated by premature data pruning (Tom Lane)
Backends failed to account for this snapshot when advertising their oldest xmin, potentially allowing concurrent vacuuming operations to remove data that was still needed. This led to transient failures along the lines of “cache lookup failed for relation 1255”.
Fix incorrect WAL logging for BRIN indexes (Kuntal Ghosh)
The WAL record emitted for a BRIN “revmap” page when moving an index tuple to a different page was incorrect. Replay would make the related portion of the index useless, forcing it to be recomputed.
Unconditionally WAL-log creation of the “init fork” for an unlogged table (Michael Paquier)
Previously, this was skipped when wal_level
minimal, but actually it's
necessary even in that case to ensure that the unlogged
table is properly reset to empty after a crash.
If the stats collector dies during hot standby, restart it (Takayuki Tsunakawa)
Ensure that hot standby feedback works correctly when it's enabled at standby server start (Ants Aasma, Craig Ringer)
Check for interrupts while hot standby is waiting for a conflicting query (Simon Riggs)
Avoid constantly respawning the autovacuum launcher in a corner case (Amit Khandekar)
This fix avoids problems when autovacuum is nominally off and there are some tables that require freezing, but all such tables are already being processed by autovacuum workers.
Disallow setting the
num_sync field to zero in
synchronous_standby_names (Fujii Masao)
The correct way to disable synchronous standby is to set the whole value to an empty string.
Don't count background worker processes against a user's connection limit (David Rowley)
Fix check for when an extension member object can be dropped (Tom Lane)
Extension upgrade scripts should be able to drop member objects, but this was disallowed for serial-column sequences, and possibly other cases.
Fix tracking of initial privileges for extension
member objects so that it works correctly with
ALTER EXTENSION ... ADD/DROP
An object's current privileges at the time it is added to the extension will now be considered its default privileges; only later changes in its privileges will be dumped by subsequent pg_dump runs.
preserves index tablespace assignments when rebuilding
indexes (Tom Lane, Michael Paquier)
Previously, non-default settings of default_tablespace could result in broken indexes.
Fix incorrect updating of trigger function properties
when changing a foreign-key constraint's deferrability
ALTER TABLE ...
ALTER CONSTRAINT (Tom Lane)
This led to odd failures during subsequent exercise of the foreign key, as the triggers were fired at the wrong times.
Prevent dropping a foreign-key constraint if there are pending trigger events for the referenced relation (Tom Lane)
This avoids “could not find trigger
NNN has no
ALTER TABLE ... SET DATA
TYPE ... USING when child table has different
column ordering than the parent (Álvaro Herrera)
Failure to adjust the column numbering in the
USING expression led to
errors, typically “attribute
N has wrong
Fix processing of OID column when a table with OIDs is
associated to a parent with OIDs via
ALTER TABLE ... INHERIT (Amit
The OID column should be treated the same as regular user columns in this case, but it wasn't, leading to odd behavior in later inheritance changes.
CREATE TABLE ...
LIKE ... WITH OIDS creates a table with OIDs,
whether or not the
LIKE-referenced table(s) have OIDs (Tom
CREATE OR REPLACE
VIEW to update the view query before attempting to
apply the new view options (Dean Rasheed)
Previously the command would fail if the new options were inconsistent with the old view definition.
Report correct object identity during
ALTER TEXT SEARCH CONFIGURATION (Artur
The wrong catalog OID was reported to extensions such as logical decoding.
Fix commit timestamp mechanism to not fail when
queried about the special XIDs
Fix incorrect use of view reloptions as regular table reloptions (Tom Lane)
The symptom was spurious “ON CONFLICT is not supported
on table ... used as a catalog table”
errors when the target of
... ON CONFLICT is a view with cascade option.
Fix incorrect “target lists can have at most
complaint when using
CONFLICT with wide tables (Tom Lane)
Fix spurious “query provides a value for a dropped
column” errors during
UPDATE on a table with a dropped column
Prevent multicolumn expansion of
.* in an
UPDATE source expression (Tom Lane)
This led to “UPDATE target count mismatch --- internal error”. Now the syntax is understood as a whole-row variable, as it would be in other contexts.
Ensure that column typmods are determined accurately
constructs (Tom Lane)
This fixes problems occurring when the first value in
a column has a determinable typmod (e.g., length for a
varchar value) but later values
don't share the same limit.
Throw error for an unfinished Unicode surrogate pair at the end of a Unicode string (Tom Lane)
Normally, a Unicode surrogate leading character must
be followed by a Unicode surrogate trailing character,
but the check for this was missed if the leading
character was the last character in a Unicode string
Unicode identifier (
Fix execution of
and ordered aggregates when multiple such aggregates are
able to share the same transition state (Heikki
Fix implementation of phrase search operators in
tsquery (Tom Lane)
Remove incorrect, and inconsistently-applied, rewrite rules that tried to transform away AND/OR/NOT operators appearing below a PHRASE operator; instead upgrade the execution engine to handle such cases correctly. This fixes assorted strange behavior and possible crashes for text search queries containing such combinations. Also fix nested PHRASE operators to work sanely in combinations other than simple left-deep trees, correct the behavior when removing stopwords from a phrase search clause, and make sure that index searches behave consistently with simple sequential-scan application of such queries.
Ensure that a purely negative text search query, such
!foo, matches empty
tsvectors (Tom Dunstan)
Such matches were found by GIN index searches, but not by sequential scans or GiST index searches.
Prevent crash when
ts_rewrite() replaces a non-top-level
subtree with an empty query (Artur Zakirov)
Fix performance problems in
ts_rewrite() (Tom Lane)
handling of nested NOT operators (Tom Lane)
Improve speed of user-defined aggregates that use
transition function (Tom Lane)
handle empty arrays properly (Tom Lane)
Fix possible crash in
array_positions() when processing
arrays of records (Junseok Yang)
Fix one-byte buffer overrun in
The overrun occurred only if the input consisted entirely of single quotes and/or backslashes.
Prevent multiple calls of
pg_stop_backup() from running
concurrently (Michael Paquier)
This avoids an assertion failure, and possibly worse things, if someone tries to run these functions in parallel.
Disable transform that attempted to remove no-op
AT TIME ZONE conversions
This resulted in wrong answers when the simplified expression was used in an index condition.
interval casts that aren't really no-ops
In some cases, a cast that should result in zeroing
was mistakenly deemed to be a no-op and discarded. An
example is that casting from
failed to clear the months field.
Fix crash if the number of workers available to a parallel query decreases during a rescan (Andreas Seltenreich)
Fix bugs in transmitting GUC parameter values to parallel workers (Michael Paquier, Tom Lane)
Allow statements prepared with
PREPARE to be given parallel plans (Amit
Kapila, Tobias Bussmann)
Fix incorrect generation of parallel plans for semi-joins (Tom Lane)
Fix planner's cardinality estimates for parallel joins (Robert Haas)
Ensure that these estimates reflect the number of rows predicted to be seen by each worker, rather than the total.
Fix planner to avoid trying to parallelize plan nodes containing initplans or subplans (Tom Lane, Amit Kapila)
Ensure that cached plans are invalidated by changes in foreign-table options (Amit Langote, Etsuro Fujita, Ashutosh Bapat)
Fix the plan generated for sorted partial aggregation
with a constant
clause (Tom Lane)
Fix “could not
find plan for CTE” planner error when
dealing with a
containing CTE references (Tom Lane)
Fix mishandling of initplans when forcibly adding a Material node to a subplan (Tom Lane)
The typical consequence of this mistake was a “plan should not reference subplan's variable” error.
Fix foreign-key-based join selectivity estimation for semi-joins and anti-joins, as well as inheritance cases (Tom Lane)
The new code for taking the existence of a foreign key relationship into account did the wrong thing in these cases, making the estimates worse not better than the pre-9.6 code.
Fix pg_dump to emit the data of a sequence that is marked as an extension configuration table (Michael Paquier)
Fix mishandling of
PRIVILEGES ... REVOKE in pg_dump (Stephen Frost)
issuing the required
commands in cases where
DEFAULT PRIVILEGES had been used to reduce
privileges to less than they would normally be.
Fix pg_dump to dump user-defined casts and transforms that use built-in functions (Stephen Frost)
Fix pg_restore with
--create --if-exists to
behave more sanely if an archive contains unrecognized
DROP commands (Tom Lane)
This doesn't fix any live bug, but it may improve the behavior in future if pg_restore is used with an archive generated by a later pg_dump version.
Fix pg_basebackup's rate limiting in the presence of slow I/O (Antonin Houska)
If disk I/O was transiently much slower than the specified rate limit, the calculation overflowed, effectively disabling the rate limit for the rest of the run.
handling of symlinked
pg_replslot subdirectories (Magnus
Hagander, Michael Paquier)
Fix possible pg_basebackup failure on standby server when including WAL files (Amit Kapila, Robert Haas)
Improve initdb to
insert the correct platform-specific default values for
_flush_after parameters into
Coelho, Tom Lane)
This is a cleaner way of documenting the default values than was used previously.
Fix possible mishandling of expanded arrays in domain
check constraints and
execution (Tom Lane)
It was possible for a PL/pgSQL function invoked in these contexts to modify or even delete an array value that needs to be preserved for additional operations.
Fix nested uses of PL/pgSQL functions in contexts such as domain check constraints evaluated during assignment to a PL/pgSQL variable (Tom Lane)
Ensure that the Python exception objects we create for PL/Python are properly reference-counted (Rafa de la Torre, Tom Lane)
This avoids failures if the objects are used after a Python garbage collection cycle has occurred.
Fix PL/Tcl to support triggers on tables that have
.tupno as a column name (Tom
This matches the (previously undocumented) behavior of
spi_execp commands, namely
that a magic
is inserted only if there isn't a real column named
Allow DOS-style line endings in
~/.pgpass files, even on Unix (Vik
This change simplifies use of the same password file across Unix and Windows machines.
Fix one-byte buffer overrun if ecpg is given a file name that ends with a dot (Takayuki Tsunakawa)
Fix incorrect error reporting for duplicate data in
\crosstabview (Tom Lane)
psql sometimes quoted the wrong row and/or column values when complaining about multiple entries for the same crosstab cell.
Fix psql's tab
PRIVILEGES (Gilles Darold, Stephen Frost)
Fix psql's tab
ALTER TABLE t ALTER
c DROP ... (Kyotaro Horiguchi)
In psql, treat an
empty or all-blank setting of the
PAGER environment variable as meaning
pager” (Tom Lane)
Previously, such a setting caused output intended for the pager to vanish entirely.
reporting of low-level libpq errors, such as out-of-memory
ignore irrelevant server options when it uses a
foreign server as the source of connection options (Corey
Previously, if the foreign server object had options that were not also libpq connection options, an error occurred.
Fix portability problems in
contrib/pageinspect's functions for GIN
indexes (Peter Eisentraut, Tom Lane)
Fix possible miss of socket read events while waiting on Windows (Amit Kapila)
This error was harmless for most uses, but it is known to cause hangs when trying to use the pldebugger extension.
On Windows, ensure that environment variable changes are propagated to DLLs built with debug options (Christian Ullrich)
Sync our copy of the timezone library with IANA release tzcode2016j (Tom Lane)
This fixes various issues, most notably that timezone data installation failed if the target directory didn't support hard links.
Update time zone data files to tzdata release 2016j for DST law changes in northern Cyprus (adding a new zone Asia/Famagusta), Russia (adding a new zone Europe/Saratov), Tonga, and Antarctica/Casey. Historical corrections for Italy, Kazakhstan, Malta, and Palestine. Switch to preferring numeric zone abbreviations for Tonga.
If you see anything in the documentation that is not correct, does not match your experience with the particular feature or requires further clarification, please use this form to report a documentation issue.