Release date: 2012-02-27
This release contains a variety of fixes from 9.1.2. For information about new features in the 9.1 major release, see Section E.134.
A dump/restore is not required for those running 9.1.X.
However, if you are upgrading from a version earlier than 9.1.2, see Section E.132.
Require execute permission on the trigger function for
CREATE TRIGGER (Robert
This missing check could allow another user to execute
a trigger function with forged input data, by installing
it on a table he owns. This is only of significance for
trigger functions marked
DEFINER, since otherwise trigger functions run as
the table owner anyway. (CVE-2012-0866)
Remove arbitrary limitation on length of common name in SSL certificates (Heikki Linnakangas)
Both libpq and the server truncated the common name extracted from an SSL certificate at 32 bytes. Normally this would cause nothing worse than an unexpected verification failure, but there are some rather-implausible scenarios in which it might allow one certificate holder to impersonate another. The victim would have to have a common name exactly 32 bytes long, and the attacker would have to persuade a trusted CA to issue a certificate in which the common name has that string as a prefix. Impersonating a server would also require some additional exploit to redirect client connections. (CVE-2012-0867)
Convert newlines to spaces in names written in pg_dump comments (Robert Haas)
pg_dump was incautious about sanitizing object names that are emitted within SQL comments in its output script. A name containing a newline would at least render the script syntactically incorrect. Maliciously crafted object names could present a SQL injection risk when the script is reloaded. (CVE-2012-0868)
Fix btree index corruption from insertions concurrent with vacuuming (Tom Lane)
An index page split caused by an insertion could
sometimes cause a concurrently-running
VACUUM to miss removing index entries
that it should remove. After the corresponding table rows
are removed, the dangling index entries would cause
errors (such as “could not read block N in file
...”) or worse, silently wrong query
results after unrelated rows are re-inserted at the
now-free table locations. This bug has been present since
release 8.2, but occurs so infrequently that it was not
diagnosed until now. If you have reason to suspect that
it has happened in your database, reindexing the affected
index will fix things.
Fix transient zeroing of shared buffers during WAL replay (Tom Lane)
The replay logic would sometimes zero and refill a shared buffer, so that the contents were transiently invalid. In hot standby mode this can result in a query that's executing in parallel seeing garbage data. Various symptoms could result from that, but the most common one seems to be “invalid memory alloc request size”.
Fix handling of data-modifying
WITH subplans in
READ COMMITTED rechecking (Tom Lane)
WITH clause containing
DELETE would crash if the parent
DELETE command needed to be re-evaluated
at one or more rows due to concurrent updates in
READ COMMITTED mode.
Fix corner case in SSI transaction cleanup (Dan Ports)
When finishing up a read-write serializable transaction, a crash could occur if all remaining active serializable transactions are read-only.
Fix postmaster to attempt restart after a hot-standby crash (Tom Lane)
A logic error caused the postmaster to terminate, rather than attempt to restart the cluster, if any backend process crashed while operating in hot standby mode.
VACUUM FULL handling of toast values
owned by recently-updated rows (Tom Lane)
This oversight could lead to “duplicate key value violates unique constraint” errors being reported against the toast table's index during one of these commands.
Update per-column permissions, not only per-table permissions, when changing table owner (Tom Lane)
Failure to do this meant that any previously granted column permissions were still shown as having been granted by the old owner. This meant that neither the new owner nor a superuser could revoke the now-untraceable-to-table-owner permissions.
Support foreign data wrappers and foreign servers in
REASSIGN OWNED (Alvaro
This command failed with “unexpected classid” errors if it needed to change the ownership of any such objects.
Allow non-existent values for some settings in
ALTER USER/DATABASE SET
temp_tablespaces to be set to names that
are not known. This is because they might be known in
another database where the setting is intended to be
used, or for the tablespace cases because the tablespace
might not be created yet. The same issue was previously
and these settings now act like that one.
Fix “unsupported node type” error caused
COLLATE in an
INSERT expression (Tom
Avoid crashing when we have problems deleting table files post-commit (Tom Lane)
Dropping a table should lead to deleting the underlying disk files only after the transaction commits. In event of failure then (for instance, because of wrong file permissions) the code is supposed to just emit a warning message and go on, since it's too late to abort the transaction. This logic got broken as of release 8.4, causing such situations to result in a PANIC and an unrestartable database.
Recover from errors occurring during WAL replay of
DROP TABLESPACE (Tom
Replay will attempt to remove the tablespace's directories, but there are various reasons why this might fail (for example, incorrect ownership or permissions on those directories). Formerly the replay code would panic, rendering the database unrestartable without manual intervention. It seems better to log the problem and continue, since the only consequence of failure to remove the directories is some wasted disk space.
Fix race condition in logging AccessExclusiveLocks for hot standby (Simon Riggs)
Sometimes a lock would be logged as being held by “transaction zero”. This is at least known to produce assertion failures on slave servers, and might be the cause of more serious problems.
Track the OID counter correctly during WAL replay, even when it wraps around (Tom Lane)
Previously the OID counter would remain stuck at a high value until the system exited replay mode. The practical consequences of that are usually nil, but there are scenarios wherein a standby server that's been promoted to master might take a long time to advance the OID counter to a reasonable value once values are needed.
Prevent emitting misleading “consistent recovery state reached” log message at the beginning of crash recovery (Heikki Linnakangas)
Fix initial value of
replay_location (Fujii Masao)
Previously, the value shown would be wrong until at least one WAL record had been replayed.
Fix regular expression back-references with
* attached (Tom Lane)
Rather than enforcing an exact string match, the code would effectively accept any string that satisfies the pattern sub-expression referenced by the back-reference symbol.
A similar problem still afflicts back-references that are embedded in a larger quantified expression, rather than being the immediate subject of the quantifier. This will be addressed in a future PostgreSQL release.
Fix recently-introduced memory leak in processing of
cidr values (Heikki Linnakangas)
A patch in the December 2011 releases of PostgreSQL caused memory leakage in these operations, which could be significant in scenarios such as building a btree index on such a column.
Fix planner's ability to push down index-expression
ALL (Tom Lane)
This type of optimization was inadvertently disabled by a fix for another problem in 9.1.2.
Fix planning of
clauses referenced in
DELETE on an inherited table (Tom
This bug led to “could not find plan for CTE” failures.
Fix GIN cost estimation to handle
column IN (...) index conditions (Marti
This oversight would usually lead to crashes if such a condition could be used with a GIN index.
Prevent assertion failure when exiting a session with an open, failed transaction (Tom Lane)
This bug has no impact on normal builds with asserts not enabled.
Fix dangling pointer after
CREATE TABLE AS/
SELECT INTO in a SQL-language function
In most cases this only led to an assertion failure in assert-enabled builds, but worse consequences seem possible.
Avoid double close of file handle in syslogger on Windows (MauMau)
Ordinarily this error was invisible, but it would cause an exception when running on a debug version of Windows.
Fix I/O-conversion-related memory leaks in plpgsql (Andres Freund, Jan Urbanski, Tom Lane)
Certain operations would leak memory until the end of the current function.
Work around bug in perl's SvPVutf8() function (Andrew Dunstan)
This function crashes when handed a typeglob or
certain read-only objects such as
$^V. Make plperl avoid passing those to
In pg_dump, don't dump contents of an extension's configuration tables if the extension itself is not being dumped (Tom Lane)
Improve pg_dump's handling of inherited table columns (Tom Lane)
situations where a child column has a different default
expression than its parent column. If the default is
textually identical to the parent's default, but not
actually the same (for instance, because of schema search
path differences) it would not be recognized as
different, so that after dump and restore the child would
be allowed to inherit the parent's default. Child columns
NOT NULL where
their parent is not could also be restored subtly
Fix pg_restore's direct-to-database mode for INSERT-style table data (Tom Lane)
Direct-to-database restores from archive files made
--column-inserts options fail
when using pg_restore
from a release dated September or December 2011, as a
result of an oversight in a fix for another problem. The
archive file itself is not at fault, and text-mode output
Teach pg_upgrade to handle renaming of plpython's shared library (Bruce Momjian)
Upgrading a pre-9.1 database that included plpython would fail because of this oversight.
Allow pg_upgrade to
process tables containing
regclass columns (Bruce Momjian)
Since pg_upgrade now
takes care to preserve
pg_class OIDs, there was no longer
any reason for this restriction.
Make libpq ignore
ENOTDIR errors when looking
for an SSL client certificate file (Magnus Hagander)
This allows SSL connections to be established, though
without a certificate, even when the user's home
directory is set to something like
Fix some more field alignment issues in ecpg's SQLDA area (Zoltan Boszormenyi)
AT option in
DEALLOCATE statements (Michael
The infrastructure to support this has been there for awhile, but through an oversight there was still an error check rejecting the case.
Do not use the variable name when defining a varchar structure in ecpg (Michael Meskes)
contrib/auto_explain's JSON output mode
to produce valid JSON (Andrew Dunstan)
The output used brackets at the top level, when it should have used braces.
Fix error in
int & int operator (Guillaume
If the smallest integer the two input arrays have in common is 1, and there are smaller values in either array, then 1 would be incorrectly omitted from the result.
Fix error detection in
decrypt_iv() (Marko Kreen)
These functions failed to report certain types of invalid-input errors, and would instead return random garbage values for incorrect input.
Fix one-byte buffer overrun in
contrib/test_parser (Paul Guyot)
The code would try to read one more byte than it
should, which would crash in corner cases. Since
contrib/test_parser is only
example code, this is not a security issue in itself, but
bad example code is still bad.
spinlocks on ARM, if available (Martin Pitt)
This function replaces our previous use of the
SWPB instruction, which is
deprecated and not available on ARMv6 and later. Reports
suggest that the old code doesn't fail in an obvious way
on recent ARM boards, but simply doesn't interlock
concurrent accesses, leading to bizarre failures in
-fexcess-precision=standard option when
building with gcc versions that accept it (Andrew
This prevents assorted scenarios wherein recent versions of gcc will produce creative results.
Allow use of threaded Python on FreeBSD (Chris Rees)
Our configure script previously believed that this combination wouldn't work; but FreeBSD fixed the problem, so remove that error check.
Allow MinGW builds to use standardly-named OpenSSL libraries (Tomasz Ostrowski)
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