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44.20. pg_index

The catalog pg_index contains part of the information about indexes. The rest is mostly in pg_class.

Table 44-20. pg_index Columns

Name Type References Description
indexrelid oid pg_class.oid The OID of the pg_class entry for this index
indrelid oid pg_class.oid The OID of the pg_class entry for the table this index is for
indnatts int2   The number of columns in the index (duplicates pg_class.relnatts)
indisunique bool   If true, this is a unique index
indisprimary bool   If true, this index represents the primary key of the table (indisunique should always be true when this is true)
indisclustered bool   If true, the table was last clustered on this index
indisvalid bool   If true, the index is currently valid for queries. False means the index is possibly incomplete: it must still be modified by INSERT/UPDATE operations, but it cannot safely be used for queries. If it is unique, the uniqueness property is not true either
indcheckxmin bool   If true, queries must not use the index until the xmin of this pg_index row is below their TransactionXmin event horizon, because the table may contain broken HOT chains with incompatible rows that they can see
indisready bool   If true, the index is currently ready for inserts. False means the index must be ignored by INSERT/UPDATE operations
indkey int2vector pg_attribute.attnum This is an array of indnatts values that indicate which table columns this index indexes. For example a value of 1 3 would mean that the first and the third table columns make up the index key. A zero in this array indicates that the corresponding index attribute is an expression over the table columns, rather than a simple column reference
indclass oidvector pg_opclass.oid For each column in the index key, this contains the OID of the operator class to use. See pg_opclass for details
indoption int2vector   This is an array of indnatts values that store per-column flag bits. The meaning of the bits is defined by the index's access method
indexprs text   Expression trees (in nodeToString() representation) for index attributes that are not simple column references. This is a list with one element for each zero entry in indkey. NULL if all index attributes are simple references
indpred text   Expression tree (in nodeToString() representation) for partial index predicate. NULL if not a partial index