Unsupported versions: 9.6 / 9.5 / 9.4 / 9.3 / 9.2 / 9.1 / 9.0 / 8.4 / 8.3 / 8.2 / 8.1 / 8.0 / 7.4 / 7.3 / 7.2 / 7.1
This documentation is for an unsupported version of PostgreSQL.
You may want to view the same page for the current version, or one of the other supported versions listed above instead.



createlang -- define a new PostgreSQL procedural language


createlang [connection-options...] langname [dbname]

createlang [connection-options...] --list | -l dbname


createlang accepts the following command line arguments:


Specifies the name of the procedural programming language to be defined.

-d, --dbname dbname

Specifies to which database the language should be added. The default is to use the database with the same name as the current system user.

-e, --echo

Displays SQL commands as they are executed.

-l, --list

Shows a list of already installed languages in the target database (which must be specified).

--L directory

Specifies the directory in which the language interpreter is to be found. The directory is normally found automatically; this option is primarily for debugging purposes.

createlang also accepts the following command line arguments for connection parameters:

-h, --host host

Specifies the host name of the machine on which the server is running. If host begins with a slash, it is used as the directory for the Unix domain socket.

-p, --port port

Specifies the Internet TCP/IP port or local Unix domain socket file extension on which the server is listening for connections.

-U, --username username

User name to connect as

-W, --password

Force password prompt.


Most error messages are self-explanatory. If not, run createlang with the --echo option and see under the respective SQL command for details. Check also under psql for more possibilities.


createlang is a utility for adding a new programming language to a PostgreSQL database. createlang can handle all the languages supplied in the default PostgreSQL distribution, but not languages provided by other parties.

Although backend programming languages can be added directly using several SQL commands, it is recommended to use createlang because it performs a number of checks and is much easier to use. See CREATE LANGUAGE for more.


Use droplang to remove a language.

createlang is a shell script that invokes psql several times. If you have things arranged so that a password prompt is required to connect, you will be prompted for a password several times.


To install pltcl into the database template1:

$ createlang pltcl template1