3rd October 2019: PostgreSQL 12 Released!
Supported Versions: Current (12) / 11 / 10 / 9.6 / 9.5 / 9.4
Development Versions: devel
Unsupported versions: 9.3 / 9.2 / 9.1 / 9.0 / 8.4 / 8.3 / 8.2 / 8.1 / 8.0 / 7.4 / 7.3 / 7.2 / 7.1
This documentation is for an unsupported version of PostgreSQL.
You may want to view the same page for the current version, or one of the supported versions listed above instead.

4.2. Comparison Operators

Table 4-1. Comparison Operators

Operator Description
< less than
> greater than
<= less than or equal to
>= greater than or equal to
= equal
<> or != not equal

Note: The != operator is converted to <> in the parser stage. It is not possible to implement != and <> operators that do different things.

Comparison operators are available for all data types where this makes sense. All comparison operators are binary operators that return values of type boolean; expressions like 1 < 2 < 3 are not valid (because there is no < operator to compare a Boolean value with 3).

In addition to the comparison operators, the special BETWEEN construct is available.

a BETWEEN x AND y
is equivalent to
a >= x AND a <= y
Similarly,
a NOT BETWEEN x AND y
is equivalent to
a < x OR a > y
There is no difference between the two respective forms apart from the CPU cycles required to rewrite the first one into the second one internally.

To check whether a value is or is not NULL, use the constructs

expression IS NULL
expression IS NOT NULL
Do not use expression = NULL because NULL is not "equal to" NULL. (NULL represents an unknown value, so it is not known whether two unknown values are equal.) Postgres presently converts x = NULL clauses to x IS NULL to allow some broken client applications (such as Microsoft Access) to work, but this may be discontinued in a future release.