Supported Versions: Current (16) / 15 / 14 / 13 / 12
Development Versions: 17 / devel
Unsupported versions: 11 / 10 / 9.6 / 9.5
This documentation is for an unsupported version of PostgreSQL.
You may want to view the same page for the current version, or one of the other supported versions listed above instead.

59.1. Creating Custom Scan Paths #

A custom scan provider will typically add paths for a base relation by setting the following hook, which is called after the core code has generated all the access paths it can for the relation (except for Gather and Gather Merge paths, which are made after this call so that they can use partial paths added by the hook):

typedef void (*set_rel_pathlist_hook_type) (PlannerInfo *root,
                                            RelOptInfo *rel,
                                            Index rti,
                                            RangeTblEntry *rte);
extern PGDLLIMPORT set_rel_pathlist_hook_type set_rel_pathlist_hook;

Although this hook function can be used to examine, modify, or remove paths generated by the core system, a custom scan provider will typically confine itself to generating CustomPath objects and adding them to rel using add_path, or add_partial_path if they are partial paths. The custom scan provider is responsible for initializing the CustomPath object, which is declared like this:

typedef struct CustomPath
    Path      path;
    uint32    flags;
    List     *custom_paths;
    List     *custom_restrictinfo;
    List     *custom_private;
    const CustomPathMethods *methods;
} CustomPath;

path must be initialized as for any other path, including the row-count estimate, start and total cost, and sort ordering provided by this path. flags is a bit mask, which specifies whether the scan provider can support certain optional capabilities. flags should include CUSTOMPATH_SUPPORT_BACKWARD_SCAN if the custom path can support a backward scan, CUSTOMPATH_SUPPORT_MARK_RESTORE if it can support mark and restore, and CUSTOMPATH_SUPPORT_PROJECTION if it can perform projections. (If CUSTOMPATH_SUPPORT_PROJECTION is not set, the scan node will only be asked to produce Vars of the scanned relation; while if that flag is set, the scan node must be able to evaluate scalar expressions over these Vars.) An optional custom_paths is a list of Path nodes used by this custom-path node; these will be transformed into Plan nodes by planner. As described below, custom paths can be created for join relations as well. In such a case, custom_restrictinfo should be used to store the set of join clauses to apply to the join the custom path replaces. Otherwise it should be NIL. custom_private can be used to store the custom path's private data. Private data should be stored in a form that can be handled by nodeToString, so that debugging routines that attempt to print the custom path will work as designed. methods must point to a (usually statically allocated) object implementing the required custom path methods, which are further detailed below.

A custom scan provider can also provide join paths. Just as for base relations, such a path must produce the same output as would normally be produced by the join it replaces. To do this, the join provider should set the following hook, and then within the hook function, create CustomPath path(s) for the join relation.

typedef void (*set_join_pathlist_hook_type) (PlannerInfo *root,
                                             RelOptInfo *joinrel,
                                             RelOptInfo *outerrel,
                                             RelOptInfo *innerrel,
                                             JoinType jointype,
                                             JoinPathExtraData *extra);
extern PGDLLIMPORT set_join_pathlist_hook_type set_join_pathlist_hook;

This hook will be invoked repeatedly for the same join relation, with different combinations of inner and outer relations; it is the responsibility of the hook to minimize duplicated work.

Note also that the set of join clauses to apply to the join, which is passed as extra->restrictlist, varies depending on the combination of inner and outer relations. A CustomPath path generated for the joinrel must contain the set of join clauses it uses, which will be used by the planner to convert the CustomPath path into a plan, if it is selected by the planner as the best path for the joinrel.

59.1.1. Custom Scan Path Callbacks #

Plan *(*PlanCustomPath) (PlannerInfo *root,
                         RelOptInfo *rel,
                         CustomPath *best_path,
                         List *tlist,
                         List *clauses,
                         List *custom_plans);

Convert a custom path to a finished plan. The return value will generally be a CustomScan object, which the callback must allocate and initialize. See Section 59.2 for more details.

List *(*ReparameterizeCustomPathByChild) (PlannerInfo *root,
                                          List *custom_private,
                                          RelOptInfo *child_rel);

This callback is called while converting a path parameterized by the top-most parent of the given child relation child_rel to be parameterized by the child relation. The callback is used to reparameterize any paths or translate any expression nodes saved in the given custom_private member of a CustomPath. The callback may use reparameterize_path_by_child, adjust_appendrel_attrs or adjust_appendrel_attrs_multilevel as required.