Release date: 2020-11-12
This release contains a variety of fixes from 13.0. For information about new features in major release 13, see Section E.10.
A dump/restore is not required for those running 13.X.
DECLARE CURSOR ... WITH HOLD and firing of deferred triggers within index expressions and materialized view queries (Noah Misch)
This is essentially a leak in the “security restricted operation” sandbox mechanism. An attacker having permission to create non-temporary SQL objects could parlay this leak to execute arbitrary SQL code as a superuser.
The PostgreSQL Project thanks Etienne Stalmans for reporting this problem. (CVE-2020-25695)
Fix usage of complex connection-string parameters in pg_dump, pg_restore, clusterdb, reindexdb, and vacuumdb (Tom Lane)
-d parameter of pg_dump and pg_restore, or the
--maintenance-db parameter of the other programs mentioned, can be a “connection string” containing multiple connection parameters rather than just a database name. In cases where these programs need to initiate additional connections, such as parallel processing or processing of multiple databases, the connection string was forgotten and just the basic connection parameters (database name, host, port, and username) were used for the additional connections. This could lead to connection failures if the connection string included any other essential information, such as non-default SSL or GSS parameters. Worse, the connection might succeed but not be encrypted as intended, or be vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attacks that the intended connection parameters would have prevented. (CVE-2020-25694)
\connect command re-uses connection parameters, ensure that all non-overridden parameters from a previous connection string are re-used (Tom Lane)
This avoids cases where reconnection might fail due to omission of relevant parameters, such as non-default SSL or GSS options. Worse, the reconnection might succeed but not be encrypted as intended, or be vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attacks that the intended connection parameters would have prevented. This is largely the same problem as just cited for pg_dump et al, although psql's behavior is more complex since the user may intentionally override some connection parameters. (CVE-2020-25694)
\gset command from modifying specially-treated variables (Noah Misch)
\gset without a prefix would overwrite whatever variables the server told it to. Thus, a compromised server could set specially-treated variables such as
PROMPT1, giving the ability to execute arbitrary shell code in the user's session.
The PostgreSQL Project thanks Nick Cleaton for reporting this problem. (CVE-2020-25696)
Fix unintended breakage of the replication protocol (Álvaro Herrera)
A walsender reports two command-completion events for
START_REPLICATION. This was undocumented and apparently unintentional; so we failed to notice that a late 13.0 change removed the duplicate event. However it turns out that walreceivers require the extra event in some code paths. The most practical fix is to decree that the extra event is part of the protocol and resume generating it.
Ensure that SLRU directories are properly fsync'd during checkpoints (Thomas Munro)
This prevents possible data loss in a subsequent operating system crash.
ALTER ROLE for users with the
BYPASSRLS attribute (Tom Lane, Stephen Frost)
BYPASSRLS attribute is only allowed to be changed by superusers, but other
ALTER ROLE operations, such as password changes, should be allowed with only ordinary permission checks. The previous coding erroneously restricted all changes on such a role to superusers.
ALTER TABLE ONLY ... DROP EXPRESSION when there are child tables (Peter Eisentraut)
The current implementation cannot handle this case correctly, so just forbid it for now.
ALTER TABLE ONLY ... ENABLE/DISABLE TRIGGER does not recurse to child tables (Álvaro Herrera)
ONLY flag was ignored.
LOCK TABLE to succeed on a self-referential view (Tom Lane)
It previously threw an error complaining about infinite recursion, but there seems no need to disallow the case.
Retain statistics about an index across
REINDEX CONCURRENTLY (Michael Paquier, Fabrízio de Royes Mello)
Non-concurrent reindexing has always preserved such statistics.
Fix incorrect progress reporting from
REINDEX CONCURRENTLY (Matthias van de Meent, Michael Paquier)
GENERATED columns are updated when the column(s) they depend on are updated via a rule or an updatable view (Tom Lane)
This fix also takes care of possible failure to fire a column-specific trigger in such cases.
Fix failures with collation-dependent partition bound expressions (Tom Lane)
Support hashing of text arrays (Peter Eisentraut)
Array hashing failed if the array element type is collatable. Notably, this prevented using hash partitioning with a text array column as partition key.
Prevent internal overflows in cross-type datetime comparisons (Nikita Glukhov, Alexander Korotkov, Tom Lane)
Previously, comparing a date to a timestamp would fail if the date is past the valid range for timestamps. There were also corner cases involving overflow of close-to-the-limit timestamp values during timezone rotation.
Fix off-by-one conversion of negative years to BC dates in
to_timestamp() (Dar Alathar-Yemen, Tom Lane)
Also, arrange for the combination of a negative year and an explicit “BC” marker to cancel out and produce AD.
.datetime() method to accept ISO 8601-format timestamps (Nikita Glukhov)
This is not required by SQL, but it seems appropriate since our
Ensure that standby servers will archive WAL timeline history files when
archive_mode is set to
always (Grigory Smolkin, Fujii Masao)
This oversight could lead to failure of subsequent PITR recovery attempts.
Fix edge cases in detecting premature death of the postmaster on platforms that use
kqueue() (Thomas Munro)
Avoid generating an incorrect incremental-sort plan when the sort key is a volatile expression (James Coleman)
Fix possible crash when considering partition-wise joins during GEQO planning (Tom Lane)
Fix possible infinite loop or corrupted output data in TOAST decompression (Tom Lane)
Fix counting of the number of entries in B-tree indexes during cleanup-only
VACUUMs (Peter Geoghegan)
Ensure that data is detoasted before being inserted into a BRIN index (Tomas Vondra)
Index entries are not supposed to contain out-of-line TOAST pointers, but BRIN didn't get that memo. This could lead to errors like “missing chunk number 0 for toast value NNN”. (If you are faced with such an error from an existing index,
REINDEX should be enough to fix it.)
Fix buffered GiST index builds to work when the index has included columns (Pavel Borisov)
Fix unportable use of
pg_hba_file_rules view (Tom Lane)
On FreeBSD 11, and possibly other platforms, the view's
netmask columns were always null due to this error.
Avoid crash if
debug_query_string is NULL when starting a parallel worker (Noah Misch)
Avoid failures when a
BEFORE ROW UPDATE trigger returns the “old” row of a table having dropped or “missing” columns (Amit Langote, Tom Lane)
This method of suppressing an update could result in crashes, unexpected
CHECK constraint failures, or incorrect
RETURNING output, because “missing” columns would read as NULLs for those purposes. (A column is “missing” for this purpose if it was added by
ALTER TABLE ADD COLUMN with a non-NULL, but constant, default value.) Dropped columns could cause trouble as well.
EXPLAIN's output for incremental sort plans to have correct tag nesting in XML output mode (Daniel Gustafsson)
Avoid unnecessary failure when transferring very large payloads through shared memory queues (Markus Wanner)
Fix omission of result data type coercion in some cases in SQL-language functions (Tom Lane)
This could lead to wrong results or crashes, depending on the data types involved.
Fix incorrect handling of template function attributes in JIT code generation (Andres Freund)
This has been shown to cause crashes on
s390x, and very possibly there are other cases on other platforms.
Improve code generated for compare_exchange and fetch_add operations on PPC (Noah Misch)
Fix relation cache memory leaks with RLS policies (Tom Lane)
Fix edge-case memory leak in
index_get_partition() (Justin Pryzby)
Fix small memory leak when SIGHUP processing decides that a new GUC variable value cannot be applied without a restart (Tom Lane)
Fix memory leaks in PL/pgsql's
CALL processing (Pavel Stehule, Tom Lane)
In libpq for Windows, call
WSAStartup() once per process and
WSACleanup() not at all (Tom Lane, Alexander Lakhin)
Previously, libpq invoked
WSAStartup() at connection start and
WSACleanup() at connection cleanup. However, it appears that calling
WSACleanup() can interfere with other program operations; notably, we have observed rare failures to emit expected output to stdout. There appear to be no ill effects from omitting the call, so do that. (This also eliminates a performance issue from repeated DLL loads and unloads when a program performs a series of database connections.)
Fix ecpg library's per-thread initialization logic for Windows (Tom Lane, Alexander Lakhin)
Multi-threaded ecpg applications could suffer rare misbehavior due to incorrect locking.
Fix ecpg's mis-processing of
X'...' literals (Shenhao Wang)
On Windows, make psql read the output of a backtick command in text mode, not binary mode (Tom Lane)
This ensures proper handling of newlines.
Ensure that pg_dump collects per-column information about extension configuration tables (Fabrízio de Royes Mello, Tom Lane)
Failure to do this led to crashes when specifying
--inserts, or underspecified (though usually correct)
COPY commands when using
COPY to reload the tables' data.
Make pg_upgrade check for pre-existence of tablespace directories in the target cluster (Bruce Momjian)
Fix potential memory leak in
contrib/pgcrypto (Michael Paquier)
Add check for an unlikely failure case in
contrib/pgcrypto (Daniel Gustafsson)
timetz test case so it works when the USA is not observing daylight savings time (Tom Lane)
Update time zone data files to tzdata release 2020d for DST law changes in Fiji, Morocco, Palestine, the Canadian Yukon, Macquarie Island, and Casey Station (Antarctica); plus historical corrections for France, Hungary, Monaco, and Palestine.
Sync our copy of the timezone library with IANA tzcode release 2020d (Tom Lane)
This absorbs upstream's change of zic's default output option from “fat” to “slim”. That's just cosmetic for our purposes, as we continue to select the “fat” mode in pre-v13 branches. This change also ensures that
strftime() does not change
errno unless it fails.
If you see anything in the documentation that is not correct, does not match your experience with the particular feature or requires further clarification, please use this form to report a documentation issue.