Release date: 2019-05-09
This release contains a variety of fixes from 11.2. For information about new features in major release 11, see Section E.22.
A dump/restore is not required for those running 11.X.
However, if you are upgrading from a version earlier than 11.1, see Section E.21.
Prevent row-level security policies from being bypassed via selectivity estimators (Dean Rasheed)
Some of the planner's selectivity estimators apply user-defined operators to values found in
pg_statistic (e.g., most-common values). A leaky operator therefore can disclose some of the entries in a data column, even if the calling user lacks permission to read that column. In CVE-2017-7484 we added restrictions to forestall that, but we failed to consider the effects of row-level security. A user who has SQL permission to read a column, but who is forbidden to see certain rows due to RLS policy, might still learn something about those rows' contents via a leaky operator. This patch further tightens the rules, allowing leaky operators to be applied to statistics data only when there is no relevant RLS policy. (CVE-2019-10130)
Avoid access to already-freed memory during partition routing error reports (Michael Paquier)
This mistake could lead to a crash, and in principle it might be possible to use it to disclose server memory contents. (CVE-2019-10129)
Avoid catalog corruption when an
ALTER TABLE on a partitioned table finds that a partitioned index is reusable (Amit Langote, Tom Lane)
This occurs, for example, when
ALTER COLUMN TYPE finds that no physical table rewrite is required.
Avoid catalog corruption when a temporary table with
ON COMMIT DROP and an identity column is created in a single-statement transaction (Peter Eisentraut)
This hazard was overlooked because the case is not actually useful, since the temporary table would be dropped immediately after creation.
Fix failure in
ALTER INDEX ... ATTACH PARTITION if the partitioned table contains more dropped columns than its partition does (Álvaro Herrera)
Fix failure to attach a partition's existing index to a newly-created partitioned index in some cases (Amit Langote, Álvaro Herrera)
This would lead to errors such as “index ... not found in partition” in subsequent DDL that uses the partitioned index.
Avoid crash when an EPQ recheck is performed for a partitioned query result relation (Amit Langote)
This occurs when using
READ COMMITTED isolation level and another session has concurrently updated some of the target row(s).
Fix tuple routing in multi-level partitioned tables that have dropped attributes (Amit Langote, Michael Paquier)
Fix failure when the slow path of foreign key constraint initial validation is applied to partitioned tables (Hadi Moshayedi, Tom Lane, Andres Freund)
This didn't manifest except in the uncommon cases where the fast path can't be used (such as permissions problems).
Fix behavior for an
DELETE on an inheritance tree or partitioned table in which every table can be excluded (Amit Langote, Tom Lane)
In such cases, the query did not report the correct set of output columns when a
RETURNING clause was present, and if there were any statement-level triggers that should be fired, it didn't fire them.
When accessing a partition directly, and
constraint_exclusion is set to
on, use the partition's partition constraint as well as any
CHECK constraints for exclusion checking (Amit Langote, Tom Lane)
This change restores the behavior to what it was in v10.
Avoid server crash when an error occurs while trying to persist a cursor query across a transaction commit (Tom Lane)
If a procedure attempts to commit while it has an open explicit or implicit cursor (for example, a PL/pgSQL
FOR-loop query), the cursor must be executed to completion and its results saved before the transaction commit can be performed. An error occurring during such execution led to a crash.
Avoid throwing incorrect errors for updates of temporary tables and unlogged tables when a
FOR ALL TABLES publication exists (Peter Eisentraut)
Such tables should be ignored for publication purposes, but some parts of the code failed to do so.
Fix handling of explicit
DEFAULT items in an
INSERT ... VALUES command with multiple
VALUES rows, if the target relation is an updatable view (Amit Langote, Dean Rasheed)
When the updatable view has no default for the column but its underlying table has one, a single-row
INSERT ... VALUES will use the underlying table's default. In the multi-row case, however, NULL was always used. Correct it to act like the single-row case.
CREATE VIEW to allow zero-column views (Ashutosh Sharma)
We should allow this for consistency with allowing zero-column tables. Since a table can be converted to a view, zero-column views could be created even with the restriction in place, leading to dump/reload failures.
Add missing support for
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS ... AS EXECUTE ... (Andreas Karlsson)
The combination of
IF NOT EXISTS and
EXECUTE should work, but the grammar omitted it.
Ensure that sub-
SELECTs appearing in row-level-security policy expressions are executed with the correct user's permissions (Dean Rasheed)
Previously, if the table having the RLS policy was accessed via a view, such checks might be executed as the user calling the view, not as the view owner as they should be.
Accept XML documents as valid values of type
xmloption is set to
content, as required by SQL:2006 and later (Chapman Flack)
Previously PostgreSQL followed the SQL:2003 definition, which doesn't allow this. But that creates a serious problem for dump/restore: there is no setting of
xmloption that will accept all valid XML data. Hence, switch to the 2006 definition.
pg_dump is also modified to emit
SET xmloption = content while restoring data, ensuring that dump/restore works even if the prevailing setting is
Improve server's startup-time checks for whether a pre-existing shared memory segment is still in use (Noah Misch)
The postmaster is now more likely to detect that there are still active processes from a previous postmaster incarnation, even if the
postmaster.pid file has been removed.
Avoid possible division-by-zero in btree index vacuum logic (Piotr Stefaniak, Alexander Korotkov)
This could lead to incorrect decisions about whether index cleanup is needed.
Avoid counting parallel workers' transactions as separate transactions (Haribabu Kommi)
Fix incompatibility of GIN-index WAL records (Alexander Korotkov)
A fix applied in February's minor releases was not sufficiently careful about backwards compatibility, leading to problems if a standby server of that vintage reads GIN page-deletion WAL records generated by a primary server of a previous minor release.
Fix possible crash while executing a
SHOW command in a replication connection (Michael Paquier)
Avoid server memory leak when fetching rows from a portal one at a time (Tom Lane)
Avoid memory leak when a partition's relation cache entry is rebuilt (Amit Langote, Tom Lane)
ENOSYS error results, where appropriate, for
sync_file_range calls (Thomas Munro, James Sewell)
The previous change to panic on file synchronization failures turns out to have been excessively paranoid for certain cases where a failure is predictable and essentially means “operation not supported”.
Report correct relation name in autovacuum's
pg_stat_activity display during BRIN summarize operations (Álvaro Herrera)
Avoid crash when trying to plan a partition-wise join when GEQO is active (Tom Lane)
Fix “failed to build any
N-way joins” planner failures with lateral references leading out of
FULL outer joins (Tom Lane)
Fix misplanning of queries in which a set-returning function is applied to a relation that is provably empty (Tom Lane, Julien Rouhaud)
In v10, this oversight only led to slightly inefficient plans, but in v11 it could cause “set-valued function called in context that cannot accept a set” errors.
Check the appropriate user's permissions when enforcing rules about letting a leaky operator see
pg_statistic data (Dean Rasheed)
When an underlying table is being accessed via a view, consider the privileges of the view owner while deciding whether leaky operators may be applied to the table's statistics data, rather than the privileges of the user making the query. This makes the planner's rules about what data is visible match up with the executor's, avoiding unnecessarily-poor plans.
Fix planner's parallel-safety assessment for grouped queries (Etsuro Fujita)
Previously, target-list evaluation work that could have been parallelized might not be.
Fix mishandling of “included” index columns in planner's unique-index logic (Tom Lane)
This could result in failing to recognize that a unique index with included columns proves uniqueness of a query result, leading to a poor plan.
Fix incorrect strictness check for array coercion expressions (Tom Lane)
This might allow, for example, incorrect inlining of a strict SQL function, leading to non-enforcement of the strictness condition.
Speed up planning when there are many equality conditions and many potentially-relevant foreign key constraints (David Rowley)
Avoid O(N^2) performance issue when rolling back a transaction that created many tables (Tomas Vondra)
Fix corner-case server crashes in dynamic shared memory allocation (Thomas Munro, Robert Haas)
Fix race conditions in management of dynamic shared memory (Thomas Munro)
These could lead to “dsa_area could not attach to segment” or “cannot unpin a segment that is not pinned” errors.
Fix race condition in which a hot-standby postmaster could fail to shut down after receiving a smart-shutdown request (Tom Lane)
Fix possible crash when
pg_identify_object_as_address() is given invalid input (Álvaro Herrera)
Fix possible “could not access status of transaction” failures in
txid_status() (Thomas Munro)
Fix authentication failure when attempting to use SCRAM authentication with mixed OpenSSL library versions (Michael Paquier, Peter Eisentraut)
If libpq is using OpenSSL 1.0.1 or older while the server is using OpenSSL 1.0.2 or newer, the negotiation of which SASL mechanism to use went wrong, leading to a confusing “channel binding not supported by this build” error message.
Tighten validation of encoded SCRAM-SHA-256 and MD5 passwords (Jonathan Katz)
A password string that had the right initial characters could be mistaken for one that is correctly hashed into SCRAM-SHA-256 or MD5 format. The password would be accepted but would be unusable later.
Fix handling of
lc_time settings that imply an encoding different from the database's encoding (Juan José Santamaría Flecha, Tom Lane)
Localized month or day names that include non-ASCII characters previously caused unexpected errors or wrong output in such locales.
current_logfiles file with the same permissions as other files in the server's data directory (Haribabu Kommi)
Previously it used the permissions specified by
log_file_mode, but that can cause problems for backup utilities.
operator_precedence_warning checks involving unary minus operators (Rikard Falkeborn)
NaN as a value for floating-point server parameters (Tom Lane)
REINDEX processing to avoid assertion failures when reindexing individual indexes of
pg_class (Andres Freund, Tom Lane)
Fix planner assertion failure for parameterized dummy paths (Tom Lane)
Insert correct test function in the result of
SnapBuildInitialSnapshot() (Antonin Houska)
No core code cares about this, but some extensions do.
Fix intermittent “could not reattach to shared memory” session startup failures on Windows (Noah Misch)
A previously unrecognized source of these failures is creation of thread stacks for a process's default thread pool. Arrange for such stacks to be allocated in a different memory region.
Fix error detection in directory scanning on Windows (Konstantin Knizhnik)
Errors, such as lack of permissions to read the directory, were not detected or reported correctly; instead the code silently acted as though the directory were empty.
Fix grammar problems in ecpg (Tom Lane)
A missing semicolon led to mistranslation of
SET (but not
variable = DEFAULT
SET ) in ecpg programs, producing syntactically invalid output that the server would reject. Additionally, in a
variable TO DEFAULT
DROP TYPE or
DROP DOMAIN command that listed multiple type names, only the first type name was actually processed.
Sync ecpg's syntax for
CREATE TABLE AS with the server's (Daisuke Higuchi)
Fix possible buffer overruns in ecpg's processing of include filenames (Liu Huailing, Fei Wu)
Fix pg_rewind failures due to failure to remove some transient files in the target data directory (Michael Paquier)
Make pg_verify_checksums verify that the data directory it's pointed at is of the right PostgreSQL version (Michael Paquier)
Avoid crash in
contrib/postgres_fdw when a query using remote grouping or aggregation has a
SELECT-list item that is an uncorrelated sub-select, outer reference, or parameter symbol (Tom Lane)
contrib/postgres_fdw to report an error when a remote partition chosen to insert a routed row into is also an
UPDATE subplan target that will be updated later in the same command (Amit Langote, Etsuro Fujita)
Previously, such situations led to server crashes or incorrect results of the
UPDATE. Allowing such cases to work correctly is a matter for future work.
contrib/pg_prewarm, avoid indefinitely respawning background worker processes if prewarming fails for some reason (Mithun Cy)
Avoid crash in
contrib/vacuumlo if an
lo_unlink() call failed (Tom Lane)
Sync our copy of the timezone library with IANA tzcode release 2019a (Tom Lane)
This corrects a small bug in zic that caused it to output an incorrect year-2440 transition in the
Africa/Casablanca zone, and adds support for zic's new
Update time zone data files to tzdata release 2019a for DST law changes in Palestine and Metlakatla, plus historical corrections for Israel.
Etc/UCT is now a backward-compatibility link to
Etc/UTC, instead of being a separate zone that generates the abbreviation
UCT, which nowadays is typically a typo. PostgreSQL will still accept
UCT as an input zone abbreviation, but it won't output it.
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