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CREATE STATISTICS

CREATE STATISTICS — define extended statistics

Synopsis

CREATE STATISTICS [ IF NOT EXISTS ] statistics_name
    [ ( statistic_type [, ... ] ) ]
    ON column_name, column_name [, ...]
    FROM table_name

Description

CREATE STATISTICS will create a new extended statistics object tracking data about the specified table, foreign table or materialized view. The statistics object will be created in the current database and will be owned by the user issuing the command.

If a schema name is given (for example, CREATE STATISTICS myschema.mystat ...) then the statistics object is created in the specified schema. Otherwise it is created in the current schema. The name of the statistics object must be distinct from the name of any other statistics object in the same schema.

Parameters

IF NOT EXISTS

Do not throw an error if a statistics object with the same name already exists. A notice is issued in this case. Note that only the name of the statistics object is considered here, not the details of its definition.

statistics_name

The name (optionally schema-qualified) of the statistics object to be created.

statistic_type

A statistic type to be computed in this statistics object. Currently supported types are ndistinct, which enables n-distinct statistics, and dependencies, which enables functional dependency statistics. If this clause is omitted, all supported statistic types are included in the statistics object. For more information, see Section 14.2.2 and Section 68.2.

column_name

The name of a table column to be covered by the computed statistics. At least two column names must be given.

table_name

The name (optionally schema-qualified) of the table containing the column(s) the statistics are computed on.

Notes

You must be the owner of a table to create a statistics object reading it. Once created, however, the ownership of the statistics object is independent of the underlying table(s).

Examples

Create table t1 with two functionally dependent columns, i.e. knowledge of a value in the first column is sufficient for determining the value in the other column. Then functional dependency statistics are built on those columns:

CREATE TABLE t1 (
    a   int,
    b   int
);

INSERT INTO t1 SELECT i/100, i/500
                 FROM generate_series(1,1000000) s(i);

ANALYZE t1;

-- the number of matching rows will be drastically underestimated:
EXPLAIN ANALYZE SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE (a = 1) AND (b = 0);

CREATE STATISTICS s1 (dependencies) ON a, b FROM t1;

ANALYZE t1;

-- now the row count estimate is more accurate:
EXPLAIN ANALYZE SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE (a = 1) AND (b = 0);

Without functional-dependency statistics, the planner would assume that the two WHERE conditions are independent, and would multiply their selectivities together to arrive at a much-too-small row count estimate. With such statistics, the planner recognizes that the WHERE conditions are redundant and does not underestimate the rowcount.

Compatibility

There is no CREATE STATISTICS command in the SQL standard.

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