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Performance Problem With Postgresql!

From: "Arash Zaryoun" <Arash_Zaryoun(at)CBC(dot)CA>
To: <pgsql-benchmarks(at)postgresql(dot)org>,<pgsql-performance(at)postgresql(dot)org>, <pgsql-sql(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Subject: Performance Problem With Postgresql!
Date: 2004-08-12 20:09:48
Message-ID: s11b965b.088@cbc.ca (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-benchmarkspgsql-performancepgsql-sql
Hi All,

We are having a performance problem with our database. The problem
exists when we include a constraint in GCTBALLOT. The constraint is as
follows:

alter table GCTBALLOT
   add constraint FK_GCTBALLOT_GCTWEBU foreign key (GCTWEBU_SRL)
      references GCTWEBU (SRL)
      on delete restrict on update restrict;

The two tables that we insert into are the following:

GCTBALLOT:

                                          Table "cbcca.gctballot"

      Column      |            Type             |                      
  Modifiers
------------------+-----------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------------
 srl              | integer                     | not null default
nextval('cbcca.gctballot_srl_seq'::text)
 gctbwindow_srl   | numeric(12,0)               | not null
 gctcandidate_srl | numeric(12,0)               | not null
 gctwebu_srl      | numeric(12,0)               |
 gctphoneu_srl    | numeric(12,0)               |
 ballot_time      | timestamp without time zone | not null
 ip_addr          | character varying(15)       |
Indexes:
    "pk_gctballot" primary key, btree (srl)
    "i1_gctballot_webusrl" btree (gctwebu_srl)
Foreign-key constraints:
    "fk_gctbwindow_gctballot" FOREIGN KEY (gctbwindow_srl) REFERENCES
gctbwindow(srl) ON UPDATE RESTRICT ON DELETE RESTRICT
    "fk_gctcandidate_gctballot" FOREIGN KEY (gctcandidate_srl)
REFERENCES gctcandidate(srl) ON UPDATE RESTRICT ON DELETE RESTRICT
    "fk_gctphoneu_gctballot" FOREIGN KEY (gctphoneu_srl) REFERENCES
gctphoneu(srl) ON UPDATE RESTRICT ON DELETE RESTRICT

with the extra constraint:

"fk_gctballot_gctwebu" FOREIGN KEY (gctwebu_srl) REFERENCES
gctwebu(srl) ON UPDATE RESTRICT ON DELETE RESTRICT



GCTWEBU:

                                          Table "cbcca.gctwebu"
     Column      |            Type             |                       
Modifiers
-----------------+-----------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------
 srl             | integer                     | not null default
nextval('cbcca.gctwebu_srl_seq'::text)
 gctlocation_srl | numeric(12,0)               | not null
 gctagerange_srl | numeric(12,0)               | not null
 email           | character varying(255)      | not null
 uhash           | character varying(255)      | not null
 sex             | character varying(1)        | not null
 created_time    | timestamp without time zone | not null
Indexes:
    "pk_gctwebu" primary key, btree (srl)
    "i1_gctwebu_email" unique, btree (email)
Foreign-key constraints:
    "fk_gctagerang_gctwebu" FOREIGN KEY (gctagerange_srl) REFERENCES
gctagerange(srl) ON UPDATE RESTRICT ON DELETE RESTRICT
    "fk_gctwebu_gctlocation" FOREIGN KEY (gctlocation_srl) REFERENCES
gctlocation(srl) ON UPDATE RESTRICT ON DELETE RESTRICT


To begin, GCTBALLOT has 6122546 rows and GCTWEBU has 231444 rows.

Now when we try and insert 100 entries into GCTBALLOT with the extra
constraint it 
takes: 37981 milliseconds

Also, when we try and insert 100 entries into GCTBALLOT with the extra
constraint, 
but insert 'null' into the column gctwebu_srl it takes: 286
milliseconds

However when we try and insert 100 entries into GCTBALLOT without the
extra constraint (no foreign key between GCTBALLOT & GCTWEBU)
it takes: 471 milliseconds


In summary, inserting into GCTBALLOT without the constraint or
inserting null for 
gctwebu_srl in GCTBALLOT gives us good performance.  However, inserting
into GCTBALLOT
with the constraint and valid gctwebu_srl values gives us poor
performance.

Also, the insert we use is as follows:

INSERT INTO GCTBALLOT  (gctbwindow_srl, gctcandidate_srl, gctwebu_srl,
gctphoneu_srl, 
ballot_time, ip_addr) VALUES (CBCCA.gcf_getlocation(?), ?,
CBCCA.gcf_validvoter(?,?), 
null, ?, ?);

NOTE: "gcf_validvoter" find 'gctweb_srl' value

"
CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION gcf_validvoter (VARCHAR, VARCHAR) 
          RETURNS NUMERIC AS '
DECLARE
  arg1       ALIAS FOR $1;
  arg2       ALIAS FOR $2;
  return_val NUMERIC;
BEGIN
  SELECT SRL INTO return_val
  FROM   gctwebu
  WHERE  EMAIL = arg1
  AND    UHASH = arg2;

  RETURN return_val;
END;
' LANGUAGE plpgsql;
"


Where the question marks are filled in with values in our java code.

We are puzzled as to why there is this difference in performance when
inserting b/c we 
believe that we have indexed all columns used by this constraint. And
we realize that 
inserting 'null' into GCTBALLOT doesn't use this constraint b/c no look
up is necessary.
So this causes good performance.  Why is it that when we use this
constraint that
the performance is effected so much?

Any help would be much appreciated.
Thanks


P.S. Even we added an index on 'gctwebu_srl' column and did 
1- "Analyzed ALL TABLES"
2- "analyze GCTBALLOT(gctwebu_srl);"

but still have the same problem!


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