Skip site navigation (1) Skip section navigation (2)

Postgresql Configutation and overflow

From: fabrix peñuelas <fabrixio1(at)gmail(dot)com>
To: pgsql-performance(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Postgresql Configutation and overflow
Date: 2006-12-29 01:58:17
Message-ID: dedbc5820612281758v623df364jf53316354779e6bc@mail.gmail.com (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-performance
Good day,

I have been reading about the configuration of postgresql, but I have a
server who does not give me the performance that should. The tables are
indexed and made vacuum regularly, i monitor with top, ps and
pg_stat_activity and when i checked was slow without a heavy load overage.

Before, the server reached 2000 connections to postgresql (with
max_connections=3000 in it for future workflow).

I divided the load with another server for better performance, and now reach
500 connections, but yet is overflow.


My question is about how much memory should i configure in shared_buffers
and effective_cache_size.

Features:

- 4 Processsors Intel Xeon Dual 3.0Ghz
- 12 GB RAM
- 2 discos en RAID 1 for OS
- 4 discs RAID 5 for DB
- S.O Slackware 11.0 Linux 2.6.17.7
- Postgres 8.1.4


=====In internet i found this:

Tuning PostgreSQL for performance
2 Some basic parameters
2.1 Shared buffers

#  Start at 4MB (512) for a workstation
# Medium size data set and 256-512MB available RAM: 16-32MB (2048-4096)
# Large dataset and lots of available RAM (1-4GB): 64-256MB (8192-32768)
======


My postgresql.conf configuration is:

#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# FILE LOCATIONS
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

# The default values of these variables are driven from the -D command line
# switch or PGDATA environment variable, represented here as ConfigDir.

#data_directory = 'ConfigDir'        # use data in another directory
#hba_file = 'ConfigDir/pg_hba.conf'    # host-based authentication file
#ident_file = 'ConfigDir/pg_ident.conf'    # IDENT configuration file

# If external_pid_file is not explicitly set, no extra pid file is written.
#external_pid_file = '(none)'        # write an extra pid file


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# CONNECTIONS AND AUTHENTICATION
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

# - Connection Settings -

listen_addresses = '*'        # what IP address(es) to listen on;
                    # comma-separated list of addresses;
                    # defaults to 'localhost', '*' = all
port = 5432
max_connections = 3000
# note: increasing max_connections costs ~400 bytes of shared memory per
# connection slot, plus lock space (see max_locks_per_transaction).  You
# might also need to raise shared_buffers to support more connections.
#superuser_reserved_connections = 2
#unix_socket_directory = ''
#unix_socket_group = ''
#unix_socket_permissions = 0777        # octal
#bonjour_name = ''            # defaults to the computer name



#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# RESOURCE USAGE (except WAL)
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

# - Memory -


shared_buffers = 81920            # min 16 or max_connections*2, 8KB each
temp_buffers = 5000            # min 100, 8KB each
max_prepared_transactions = 1000    # can be 0 or more

# note: increasing max_prepared_transactions costs ~600 bytes of shared
memory

# per transaction slot, plus lock space (see max_locks_per_transaction).
work_mem = 10240            # min 64, size in KB
maintenance_work_mem = 253952        # min 1024, size in KB
max_stack_depth = 4096            # min 100, size in KB

# - Free Space Map -

#max_fsm_pages = 20000            # min max_fsm_relations*16, 6 bytes each
#max_fsm_relations = 1000        # min 100, ~70 bytes each

# - Kernel Resource Usage -

#max_files_per_process = 1000        # min 25
#preload_libraries = ''

# - Cost-Based Vacuum Delay -

#vacuum_cost_delay = 0            # 0-1000 milliseconds
#vacuum_cost_page_hit = 1        # 0-10000 credits
#vacuum_cost_page_miss = 10        # 0-10000 credits
#vacuum_cost_page_dirty = 20        # 0-10000 credits
#vacuum_cost_limit = 200        # 0-10000 credits

# - Background writer -

#bgwriter_delay = 200            # 10-10000 milliseconds between rounds
#bgwriter_lru_percent = 1.0        # 0-100% of LRU buffers scanned/round
#bgwriter_lru_maxpages = 5        # 0-1000 buffers max written/round
#bgwriter_all_percent = 0.333        # 0-100% of all buffers scanned/round
#bgwriter_all_maxpages = 5        # 0-1000 buffers max written/round


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# WRITE AHEAD LOG
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

# - Settings -

#fsync = on                # turns forced synchronization on or off
#wal_sync_method = fsync        # the default is the first option
                    # supported by the operating system:
                    #   open_datasync
                    #   fdatasync
                    #   fsync
                    #   fsync_writethrough
                    #   open_sync
#full_page_writes = on            # recover from partial page writes
#wal_buffers = 8            # min 4, 8KB each
#commit_delay = 0            # range 0-100000, in microseconds
#commit_siblings = 5            # range 1-1000

# - Checkpoints -

checkpoint_segments = 20        # in logfile segments, min 1, 16MB each
#checkpoint_timeout = 300        # range 30-3600, in seconds
#checkpoint_warning = 30        # in seconds, 0 is off

# - Archiving -

#archive_command = ''            # command to use to archive a logfile
                    # segment


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# QUERY TUNING
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

# - Planner Method Configuration -

#enable_bitmapscan = on
#enable_hashagg = on
#enable_hashjoin = on
#enable_indexscan = on
#enable_mergejoin = on
enable_nestloop = off
enable_seqscan = off
#enable_sort = on
#enable_tidscan = on

# - Planner Cost Constants -

effective_cache_size = 65536        # typically 8KB each
#random_page_cost = 4            # units are one sequential page fetch
                    # cost
#cpu_tuple_cost = 0.01            # (same)
#cpu_index_tuple_cost = 0.001        # (same)
#cpu_operator_cost = 0.0025        # (same)


the sysctl.conf

kernel.shmmax = 970170573
kernel.shmall = 970170573
kernel.sem = 400 42000 32 1024
vm.overcommit_memory = 2

=========The configuration is correct?=======

If you can help me i will be pleased, thanks.

Responses

pgsql-performance by date

Next:From: Adam RichDate: 2006-12-29 02:12:44
Subject: Re: Postgresql Configutation and overflow
Previous:From: Fabricio PeñuelasDate: 2006-12-29 01:32:07
Subject: Postgresql Configutation and overflow

Privacy Policy | About PostgreSQL
Copyright © 1996-2014 The PostgreSQL Global Development Group