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libpq C library Client Interface - select()

From: jco(at)cornelius-olsen(dot)dk
To: pgsql-interfaces(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: libpq C library Client Interface - select()
Date: 2003-01-18 14:01:53
Message-ID: OFAA501CC3.124DA424-ONC1256CB2.004C1580@dk (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-interfaces
Hi,

Several places in the docs references something called "select()". One 
example:

A better way to check for NOTIFY messages when you have no useful queries 
to make is to call PQconsumeInput(), then check PQnotifies(). You can use select() to wait for backend data to arrive, thereby using no CPU power unless 
there is something to do. (See PQsocket() to obtain the file descriptor number to use with select().) 

My problem is that I can find no information on what "select()" is or how 
it's used. Does anyone have any pointers?
My particular interest is that I'd like to find out how to do modify the 
test program "testlibpq2.c" to use "select()" as suggested in the comments:

                /*
         * wait a little bit between checks; waiting with select()
         * would be more efficient.
         */
Thanks in advance.
/Jørn

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