Skip site navigation (1) Skip section navigation (2)

Commit slower on faster PC

From: "Koth, Christian (DWBI)" <Christian(dot)Koth(at)smiths-heimann(dot)com>
To: <pgsql-performance(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Subject: Commit slower on faster PC
Date: 2006-07-12 16:16:40
Message-ID: F5F602C218633C419C7BCA6CDDC6E90A023A996F@COSSMGMBX04.EMAIL.CORP.TLD (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-performance
Hi,

please help me with the following problem:

I have noticed a strange performance behaviour using a commit statement on two different machines. On one of the machines the commit is many times faster than on the other machine which has faster hardware. Server and client are running always on the same machine.

Server version (same on both machines): PostgreSQL 8.1.3. (same binaries as well)

PC1:
----
Pentium 4 (2.8 GHz)
1GB RAM
IDE-HDD (approx. 50 MB/s rw), fs: ext3
Mandrake Linux: Kernel 2.4.22


PC2:
----
Pentium 4 (3.0 GHz)
2GB RAM
SCSI-HDD (approx. 65 MB/s rw), fs: ext3
Mandrake Linux: Kernel 2.4.32


Both installations of the database have the same configuration, different from default are only the following settings on both machines:

shared_buffers = 20000
listen_addresses = '*'
max_stack_depth = 4096


pgbench gives me the following results:
PC1:
----
transaction type: TPC-B (sort of)
scaling factor: 1
number of clients: 1
number of transactions per client: 10
number of transactions actually processed: 10/10
tps = 269.905533 (including connections establishing)
tps = 293.625393 (excluding connections establishing)

PC2:
----
transaction type: TPC-B (sort of)
scaling factor: 1
number of clients: 1
number of transactions per client: 10
number of transactions actually processed: 10/10
tps = 46.061935 (including connections establishing)
tps = 46.519634 (excluding connections establishing)


My own performance test sql script which inserts and (auto)commits some data into a simple table produces the following log output in the server log:

PC1:
----
LOG:  duration: 1.441 ms  statement: INSERT INTO performance_test VALUES (500938362, 'Xawhefjmd');
STATEMENT:  INSERT INTO performance_test VALUES (500938362, 'Xawhefjmd');

PC2:
----
LOG:  duration: 29.979 ms  statement: INSERT INTO performance_test VALUES (500938362, 'Xawhefjmd');
STATEMENT:  INSERT INTO performance_test VALUES (500938362, 'Xawhefjmd');


I created a 'strace' one both machines which is interesting:

Opening the socket:
-------------------
PC1: socket(PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_IP) = 10 <0.000021>
PC2: socket(PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_IP) = 8 <0.000015>

PC1: bind(10, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(0), sin_addr=inet_addr("0.0.0.0")}, 16) = 0 <0.000007>
PC2: bind (8, {sin_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(0), sin_addr=inet_addr("0.0.0.0")}}, 16) = 0 <0.000007>

PC1: getsockname(10, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(32820), sin_addr=inet_addr("0.0.0.0")}, [16]) = 0 <0.000005>
PC2: getsockname( 8, {sin_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(36219), sin_addr=inet_addr("0.0.0.0")}}, [16]) = 0 <0.000005>

PC1: connect(10, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(5432), sin_addr=inet_addr("127.0.0.1")}, 16) = 0 <0.000440>
PC2: connect( 8, {sin_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(5432), sin_addr=inet_addr("127.0.0.1")}}, 16) = 0 <0.000394>

PC1: setsockopt(10, SOL_TCP, TCP_NODELAY, [1], 4) = 0 <0.000006>
PC2: setsockopt (8, SOL_TCP, TCP_NODELAY, [1], 4) = 0 <0.000004>


Inserting and commiting the data: <exec. time>
---------------------------------
PC1:
----
send(10, "B\....\0<\0INSERT INTO performance_test VAL"..., 175, 0) = 175 <0.000015>
recv(10, "2\....0\17INSERT 0 1\0Z\0\0\0\5T", 8192, 0) = 53 <0.000007>
send(10, "B\0\0\0\17\0S_2\0\0\0\0\0\0\0E\0\0\0\t\0\0\0\0\1S\0\0\0\4", 31, 0) = 31 <0.000011>
recv(10, "2\0\0\0\4C\0\0\0\vCOMMIT\0Z\0\0\0\5I", 8192, 0) = 23 <0.000211>

PC2:
----
send(8, "B\....\0<\0INSERT INTO performance_test VAL"..., 175, 0) = 175 <0.000014>
recv(8, "2\....0\17INSERT 0 1\0Z\0\0\0\5T", 8192, 0) = 53 <0.000005>
send(8, "B\0\0\0\17\0S_2\0\0\0\0\0\0\0E\0\0\0\t\0\0\0\0\1S\0\0\0\4", 31, 0) = 31 <0.000009>
recv(8, "2\0\0\0\4C\0\0\0\vCOMMIT\0Z\0\0\0\5I", 8192, 0) = 23 <0.0253>

Every command is a bit faster on PC2 except the last one which is many times slower.
Any help or hint where to look at would be highly appreciated because I'm running out of ideas ;-).


regards,
Christian


******************************************
The information contained in, or attached to, this e-mail, may contain confidential information and is intended solely for the use of the individual or entity to whom they are addressed and may be subject to legal privilege.  If you have received this e-mail in error you should notify the sender immediately by reply e-mail, delete the message from your system and notify your system manager.  Please do not copy it for any purpose, or disclose its contents to any other person.  The views or opinions presented in this e-mail are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of the company.  The recipient should check this e-mail and any attachments for the presence of viruses.  The company accepts no liability for any damage caused, directly or indirectly, by any virus transmitted in this email.
******************************************

Responses

pgsql-performance by date

Next:From: Craig A. JamesDate: 2006-07-12 16:39:54
Subject: [Fwd: Delivery Status Notification (Failure)]
Previous:From: Craig A. JamesDate: 2006-07-12 15:43:18
Subject: Re: Kill a session

Privacy Policy | About PostgreSQL
Copyright © 1996-2014 The PostgreSQL Global Development Group