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pgsql: Revise parameterized-path mechanism to fix assorted issues.

From: Tom Lane <tgl(at)sss(dot)pgh(dot)pa(dot)us>
To: pgsql-committers(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: pgsql: Revise parameterized-path mechanism to fix assorted issues.
Date: 2012-04-19 19:54:07
Message-ID: E1SKxQd-0004Ha-84@gemulon.postgresql.org (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-committers
Revise parameterized-path mechanism to fix assorted issues.

This patch adjusts the treatment of parameterized paths so that all paths
with the same parameterization (same set of required outer rels) for the
same relation will have the same rowcount estimate.  We cache the rowcount
estimates to ensure that property, and hopefully save a few cycles too.
Doing this makes it practical for add_path_precheck to operate without
a rowcount estimate: it need only assume that paths with different
parameterizations never dominate each other, which is close enough to
true anyway for coarse filtering, because normally a more-parameterized
path should yield fewer rows thanks to having more join clauses to apply.

In add_path, we do the full nine yards of comparing rowcount estimates
along with everything else, so that we can discard parameterized paths that
don't actually have an advantage.  This fixes some issues I'd found with
add_path rejecting parameterized paths on the grounds that they were more
expensive than not-parameterized ones, even though they yielded many fewer
rows and hence would be cheaper once subsequent joining was considered.

To make the same-rowcounts assumption valid, we have to require that any
parameterized path enforce *all* join clauses that could be obtained from
the particular set of outer rels, even if not all of them are useful for
indexing.  This is required at both base scans and joins.  It's a good
thing anyway since the net impact is that join quals are checked at the
lowest practical level in the join tree.  Hence, discard the original
rather ad-hoc mechanism for choosing parameterization joinquals, and build
a better one that has a more principled rule for when clauses can be moved.
The original rule was actually buggy anyway for lack of knowledge about
which relations are part of an outer join's outer side; getting this right
requires adding an outer_relids field to RestrictInfo.

Branch
------
master

Details
-------
http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/5b7b5518d0ea56c422a197875f7efa5deddbb388

Modified Files
--------------
contrib/file_fdw/file_fdw.c               |    1 -
src/backend/nodes/copyfuncs.c             |    1 +
src/backend/nodes/equalfuncs.c            |    1 +
src/backend/nodes/outfuncs.c              |   25 ++-
src/backend/optimizer/README              |   42 ++-
src/backend/optimizer/path/allpaths.c     |   94 ++++---
src/backend/optimizer/path/costsize.c     |  393 ++++++++++++++---------
src/backend/optimizer/path/equivclass.c   |  218 +++++++++----
src/backend/optimizer/path/indxpath.c     |  146 +++++----
src/backend/optimizer/path/joinpath.c     |    6 +-
src/backend/optimizer/path/joinrels.c     |    2 +-
src/backend/optimizer/path/orindxpath.c   |   21 +-
src/backend/optimizer/path/pathkeys.c     |    4 +-
src/backend/optimizer/plan/createplan.c   |  243 +++++++++-----
src/backend/optimizer/plan/initsplan.c    |    2 +
src/backend/optimizer/plan/planner.c      |    2 +-
src/backend/optimizer/prep/prepunion.c    |    3 +
src/backend/optimizer/util/pathnode.c     |  487 ++++++++++++++++-------------
src/backend/optimizer/util/relnode.c      |  300 ++++++++++++++++++-
src/backend/optimizer/util/restrictinfo.c |  161 ++++++----
src/include/nodes/nodes.h                 |    1 +
src/include/nodes/relation.h              |   87 ++++--
src/include/optimizer/cost.h              |   16 +-
src/include/optimizer/pathnode.h          |   33 ++-
src/include/optimizer/paths.h             |    5 +-
src/include/optimizer/restrictinfo.h      |    9 +-
src/test/regress/expected/inherit.out     |   70 ++++
src/test/regress/expected/join.out        |  117 +++++++-
src/test/regress/sql/inherit.sql          |   31 ++
src/test/regress/sql/join.sql             |   42 +++
30 files changed, 1787 insertions(+), 776 deletions(-)

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