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BUG #6416: Expression index not used with UNION ALL queries

From: php(at)beccati(dot)com
To: pgsql-bugs(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: BUG #6416: Expression index not used with UNION ALL queries
Date: 2012-01-29 15:06:04
Message-ID: E1RrWKS-0006xF-3s@wrigleys.postgresql.org (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-bugs
The following bug has been logged on the website:

Bug reference:      6416
Logged by:          Matteo Beccati
Email address:      php(at)beccati(dot)com
PostgreSQL version: 9.1.2
Operating system:   Debian Sqeeze
Description:        

I've just noticed that an expression index I've created was not used with a
view contiaining a UNION ALL. Switching to UNION or querying the table
directly works as expected.

A self contained test case follows:

regression=# CREATE FUNCTION ab(in text, in text, out ab text) AS $$BEGIN ab
:= $1 || $2; END;$$ LANGUAGE plpgsql IMMUTABLE; CREATE FUNCTION regression=#
CREATE table t1 (a text, b text); CREATE TABLE regression=# CREATE INDEX
t1_ab_idx on t1 (ab(a, b)); CREATE INDEX regression=# CREATE table t2 (ab
text primary key); NOTICE: CREATE TABLE / PRIMARY KEY will create implicit
index "t2_pkey" for table "t2" CREATE TABLE regression=# INSERT INTO t1
VALUES ('a', 'b'); INSERT 0 1 regression=# INSERT INTO t2 VALUES ('ab');
INSERT 0 1 regression=# VACUUM ANALYZE ; VACUUM regression=# SET
enable_seqscan = false; SET regression=# EXPLAIN ANALYZE SELECT * FROM
(SELECT ab(a, b) AS ab FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT * FROM t2) t WHERE ab =
'ab'; QUERY PLAN
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Result (cost=10000000000.00..10000000009.53 rows=2 width=18) (actual
time=0.052..0.066 rows=2 loops=1) -> Append
(cost=10000000000.00..10000000009.53 rows=2 width=18) (actual
time=0.052..0.065 rows=2 loops=1) -> Seq Scan on t1
(cost=10000000000.00..10000000001.26 rows=1 width=32) (actual
time=0.051..0.052 rows=1 loops=1) Filter: (ab(a, b) = 'ab'::text) -> Index
Scan using t2_pkey on t2 (cost=0.00..8.27 rows=1 width=3) (actual
time=0.010..0.011 rows=1 loops=1) Index Cond: (ab = 'ab'::text) Total
runtime: 0.106 ms (7 rows) regression=# EXPLAIN ANALYZE SELECT * FROM
(SELECT ab(a, b) AS ab FROM t1 UNION SELECT * FROM t2) t WHERE ab = 'ab';
QUERY PLAN
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unique (cost=17.07..17.08 rows=2 width=4) (actual time=0.071..0.073 rows=1
loops=1) -> Sort (cost=17.07..17.07 rows=2 width=4) (actual
time=0.070..0.070 rows=2 loops=1) Sort Key: (ab(t1.a, t1.b)) Sort Method:
quicksort Memory: 25kB -> Append (cost=0.25..17.06 rows=2 width=4) (actual
time=0.050..0.058 rows=2 loops=1) -> Index Scan using t1_ab_idx on t1
(cost=0.25..8.77 rows=1 width=4) (actual time=0.049..0.050 rows=1 loops=1)
Index Cond: (ab(a, b) = 'ab'::text) -> Index Scan using t2_pkey on t2
(cost=0.00..8.27 rows=1 width=3) (actual time=0.004..0.005 rows=1 loops=1)
Index Cond: (ab = 'ab'::text) Total runtime: 0.116 ms (10 rows) regression=#
EXPLAIN ANALYZE SELECT * FROM (SELECT ab(a, b) AS ab FROM t1) t WHERE ab =
'ab'; QUERY PLAN
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Index Scan using t1_ab_idx on t1 (cost=0.25..8.77 rows=1 width=4) (actual
time=0.030..0.032 rows=1 loops=1) Index Cond: (ab(a, b) = 'ab'::text) Total
runtime: 0.048 ms (3 rows)


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Next:From: Matteo BeccatiDate: 2012-01-29 15:16:06
Subject: Re: BUG #6416: Expression index not used with UNION ALL queries
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Subject: Re: Windows x86-64 One-Click Install (9.1.2-1, 9.0.6-1) hangs on "initialising the database cluster" (with work-around)

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