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Re: Joining time fields?

From: James David Smith <james(dot)david(dot)smith(at)gmail(dot)com>
To: "Oliveiros d'Azevedo Cristina" <oliveiros(dot)cristina(at)marktest(dot)pt>
Cc: pgsql-novice(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: Joining time fields?
Date: 2012-07-26 13:40:37
Message-ID: CAMu32AD6eL4AdEkoGEkqhuVeZHaWEyU2mqYg29+WA+ZPV6ZS3Q@mail.gmail.com (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-novice
Dear Oliveiros,

Thanks for your reply. I've been working on this today, but don't think
that the query is quite right. On this line of the query:

//   ON y."date_time" = x."date_time" - (sgn*dist )

I think that we also need to take into account a positive difference as
well as a negative? I've had a play around with your query and put all my
proper field names in. I think it works. it returns the number of rows that
I would expect. The only odd thing is that the first 20-30 rows of data,
which represent the earliest data_time in table A, do not have any data
linked to them in table B. Just empty cells. Your thoughts are appreciated!

SELECT
x."id" as id,
x."person" as person,
x."the_geom_osgb36" as location,
x."date_time" as gps_time,
y."date_time" as microaeth_time,
y."bc" as black_carbon

FROM(
 SELECT
 a."id",
 a."date_time",
 a.person,
 a.the_geom_osgb36,
 MIN((a."date_time" - b."date_time") * sign(EXTRACT(EPOCH FROM
(a."date_time" - b."date_time")))) as dist,
 sign(EXTRACT(EPOCH FROM (MIN(a."date_time" - b."date_time")))) as sgn
 FROM gps_12_07_2012 a, microaeth_12_07_2012 b
 WHERE a.person = 'Ben Barratt'

 GROUP by
 a."id",
 a."date_time",
 a.person,
 a.the_geom_osgb36

 ) x

LEFT JOIN (SELECT * FROM microaeth_12_07_2012 WHERE person = 'Ben Barratt')
y
ON y."date_time" = x."date_time" - (sgn*dist)
OR
y."date_time" = x."date_time" + (sgn*dist)

ORDER BY x.id, x.date_time







On 25 July 2012 12:08, Oliveiros d'Azevedo Cristina <
oliveiros(dot)cristina(at)marktest(dot)pt> wrote:

> **
>  Hello again, James,
>
> I got no feedback from you, but I believe this query is flawed.
>
> Also, I believe you need the other fields from your tables and not just
> the TIMESTAMP fields.
>
> So, considering your tables have fields like table_one.col_on_one and
> table_two.col_on_two,
> I'd try this query
>
> SELECT x."col_on_one", x."date_time",y."col_one_two",y."date_time"
> FROM(
> SELECT a."col_on_one",a."date_time", MIN((a."date_time" - b."date_time") *
> sign(EXTRACT(EPOCH FROM (a."date_time" - b."date_time")))) as dist,
> sign(EXTRACT(EPOCH FROM (MIN(a."date_time" - b."date_time")))) as sgn
> FROM table_one a,table_two b
> GROUP by a."col_on_one",a."date_time"
> ) x
> INNER JOIN t_table_two y
> ON y."date_time" = x."date_time" - (sgn*dist )
>
>
> If it doesn't work, tell me the error it reported and we'll try to fix it
>
> Best,
> Oliver
>
>
>
> ----- Original Message -----
> *From:* Oliveiros d'Azevedo Cristina <oliveiros(dot)cristina(at)marktest(dot)pt>
> *To:* James David Smith <james(dot)david(dot)smith(at)gmail(dot)com>
> *Cc:* pgsql-novice(at)postgresql(dot)org
> *Sent:* Tuesday, July 24, 2012 5:20 PM
> *Subject:* Re: [NOVICE] Joining time fields?
>
> Hi again,
> James,
>
> This is untested code. Can you see if it works?
> The trouble is that if you have giant tables it will become slow...
>
> Best,
> Oliveiros
>
> SELECT date_time_in_a, d.date_time as date_time_in_b
> FROM
> (
> SELECT a.date_time as date_time_in_a, MIN(a.date_time - b.date_time) as
> dist
> FROM table_one a, table_two b
> GROUP BY a.date_time
> ) c
> JOIN
> table_two d
> ON c.dist - c.date_time_in_a = d.date_time
>
>
> ----- Original Message -----
> *From:* James David Smith <james(dot)david(dot)smith(at)gmail(dot)com>
> *To:* Oliveiros d'Azevedo Cristina <oliveiros(dot)cristina(at)marktest(dot)pt>
> *Cc:* pgsql-novice(at)postgresql(dot)org
> *Sent:* Tuesday, July 24, 2012 4:33 PM
> *Subject:* Re: [NOVICE] Joining time fields?
>
> Hi Oliveiros,
>
> Thanks for your time. It's an inner join then hey instead of a left join?
> Ok, thanks.
>
> In your example of using one record inn table A, and two records in table
> B that are exactly the same, I would like the result to be a new table with
> two records in it. I'm happy for the result of the query to duplicate
> records from table A.
>
> Yes, even if the nearest time is 100 years away I would still like the
> query to get the right result. There is no limit to how far the 'nearest'
> time is.
>
> Thank you
>
> James
>
>
>
>
> On 24 July 2012 16:25, Oliveiros d'Azevedo Cristina <
> oliveiros(dot)cristina(at)marktest(dot)pt> wrote:
>
>> **
>> Hi, James,
>>
>> But that wouldn't be a LEFT JOIN, it will be an INNER JOIN.
>>
>> Because you'll always be able to join a date from table a with some date
>> from table b even if it is 100 years away...
>> If table a has just one record datetime = 2012-1-1 and table b has two
>> records datetime = 2010-1-1 and datetime = 2011-1-1 then you'd be able to
>> join table a with the second of table b' records.
>>
>>  You won't be able to join only if table b happens to be empty...ain't I
>> right?
>>
>> What do you mean by the closest time? Do you have some threshold ? Are
>> they allowed to be arbitrarily far away one from each other?
>>
>> Best,
>> Oliveiros
>>
>> ----- Original Message -----
>> *From:* James David Smith <james(dot)david(dot)smith(at)gmail(dot)com>
>> *To:* pgsql-novice(at)postgresql(dot)org
>> *Sent:* Tuesday, July 24, 2012 3:57 PM
>> *Subject:* [NOVICE] Joining time fields?
>>
>> Hi all,
>>
>> I wonder if someone could help me out please. I've got two tables, both
>> with a TIMESTAMP field. I'd like to do a left join with them. I'd like to
>> take the date_time from table A, and join it with the nearest date_time
>> from table B. Whether the time from B is before or after the time in A
>> doesn't matter, I just want the closest time. I started with the below
>> query, but it only gets me the column from table B if the time stamp
>> exactly matches which is clearly correct. I'm sure that this should be
>> quite easy but I can't figure it out...!
>>
>>
>> Select
>>
>> a.date_time
>>
>> b.date_time
>>
>> FROM table_one a
>>
>> LEFT JOIN table_two b ON a.date_time = b.date_time
>>
>>
>>
>> Thanks
>>
>>
>>
>> James
>>
>>
>

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Next:From: Oliveiros d'Azevedo CristinaDate: 2012-07-26 14:14:01
Subject: Re: Joining time fields?
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Subject: Re: Is there an answer to the Ultimate Question for PostgreSQL?

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