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Re: postgres 8.4.9: running out of memory (malloc fails) when running a transaction that runs a LOT of selects

From: Benedikt Grundmann <bgrundmann(at)janestreet(dot)com>
To: Andres Freund <andres(at)2ndquadrant(dot)com>
Cc: pgsql-hackers(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: postgres 8.4.9: running out of memory (malloc fails) when running a transaction that runs a LOT of selects
Date: 2012-07-20 09:46:13
Message-ID: CADbMkNOG034oeGGytxGegYxMCZWx=sM7xzw4bJ+B_BBf05Z1Pw@mail.gmail.com (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-hackers
First of all thanks to everyone who has replied so far.

On Fri, Jul 20, 2012 at 10:04 AM, Andres Freund <andres(at)2ndquadrant(dot)com> wrote:
>
> Hi,
>
> On Friday, July 20, 2012 09:19:31 AM Benedikt Grundmann wrote:
> > We yesterday encountered a program that in a degenerate case
> > issued in a single transaction a huge number of selects (in a
> > single transaction but each select in a separate call to PGExec)
> > (huge = ~ 400,000).

> > That transaction would continue to eat memory up until a point
> > where calls to malloc (in aset.c) would fail and log for example:

> > ,"out of memory","Failed on request of size 11."
> Could you show us the different statements youre running in that transaction?

They all look like this:

DECLARE sqmlcursor51587 CURSOR FOR select
entry_time,source,bad_fields,isin,sedol,cusip,bloomberg,reuters,exchange_code,currency,description,bbg_instrument_type,instrument_type,specifics,definer,primary_exchange,is_primary_security,is_primary_listing,tags,bloomberg_id,status
from vw_instruments_v7 where jane_symbol = E'FOO BAR' and true and
effective_until = (select max(effective_until) from
vw_instruments_v7)"

Sorry I imagine that the fact that this generates a cursor every time
is important
but it had honestly escaped my attention, because the library we use to query
the database uses CURSORs basically for every select, so that it can process
the data in batches (in this particular case that is conceptually unnecessary as
the query will only return one row, but the library does not know that).

> Are you using any user defined functions, deferred foreign keys, or anything
> like that?

No there are several versions of the above view and while the one
mentioned above contains calls to regexp_replace I can reproduce
the same behaviour with a different version of the view that just
renames columns of the underlying table.

> After youve got that "out of memory" message, the log should show
> a list of memory contexts with the amount of memory allocated in
> each. Could you include that in a mail?

We are using csv logging, which through me off for a moment because I couldn't
find it in there.  But indeed in the .log file I see memory contexts but
I don't know how to correlate them.

I assume they only get written when out of memory happens, so I have included
below the very first one.

TopMemoryContext: 268528136 total in 31 blocks; 37640 free (160
chunks); 268490496 used
  TopTransactionContext: 24576 total in 2 blocks; 14872 free (4
chunks); 9704 used
  Local Buffer Lookup Table: 2088960 total in 8 blocks; 234944 free
(25 chunks); 1854016 used
  Type information cache: 24576 total in 2 blocks; 11888 free (5
chunks); 12688 used
  Operator lookup cache: 24576 total in 2 blocks; 11888 free (5
chunks); 12688 used
  PL/PgSQL function context: 24576 total in 2 blocks; 14384 free (14
chunks); 10192 used
  CFuncHash: 8192 total in 1 blocks; 1680 free (0 chunks); 6512 used
  Rendezvous variable hash: 8192 total in 1 blocks; 1680 free (0
chunks); 6512 used
  PLpgSQL function cache: 24520 total in 2 blocks; 3744 free (0
chunks); 20776 used
  Operator class cache: 8192 total in 1 blocks; 1680 free (0 chunks); 6512 used
  MessageContext: 131072 total in 5 blocks; 54792 free (5 chunks); 76280 used
  smgr relation table: 24576 total in 2 blocks; 5696 free (4 chunks); 18880 used
  TransactionAbortContext: 32768 total in 1 blocks; 32736 free (0
chunks); 32 used
  Portal hash: 8192 total in 1 blocks; 1680 free (0 chunks); 6512 used
  PortalMemory: 8192 total in 1 blocks; 7888 free (1 chunks); 304 used
    PortalHeapMemory: 1024 total in 1 blocks; 848 free (0 chunks); 176 used
      ExecutorState: 65600 total in 4 blocks; 33792 free (18 chunks); 31808 used
        ExprContext: 0 total in 0 blocks; 0 free (0 chunks); 0 used
  Relcache by OID: 24576 total in 2 blocks; 11792 free (3 chunks); 12784 used
  CacheMemoryContext: 1342128 total in 21 blocks; 290016 free (11
chunks); 1052112 used
    idx_raw_cfd_bear_commodity_position_records_position_date: 2048
total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    CachedPlan: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 2008 free (2 chunks); 1064 used
    CachedPlanSource: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1656 free (0 chunks); 1416 used
    SPI Plan: 1024 total in 1 blocks; 808 free (0 chunks); 216 used
    CachedPlan: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1984 free (1 chunks); 1088 used
    CachedPlanSource: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1696 free (0 chunks); 1376 used
    SPI Plan: 1024 total in 1 blocks; 808 free (0 chunks); 216 used
    CachedPlan: 1024 total in 1 blocks; 312 free (0 chunks); 712 used
    CachedPlanSource: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1584 free (0 chunks); 1488 used
    SPI Plan: 1024 total in 1 blocks; 832 free (0 chunks); 192 used
    CachedPlan: 1024 total in 1 blocks; 304 free (0 chunks); 720 used
    CachedPlanSource: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1960 free (3 chunks); 1112 used
    SPI Plan: 1024 total in 1 blocks; 808 free (0 chunks); 216 used
    CachedPlan: 1024 total in 1 blocks; 304 free (0 chunks); 720 used
    CachedPlanSource: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1960 free (3 chunks); 1112 used
    SPI Plan: 1024 total in 1 blocks; 808 free (0 chunks); 216 used
    CachedPlan: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 80 free (0 chunks); 2992 used
    CachedPlanSource: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 672 free (0 chunks); 2400 used
    SPI Plan: 1024 total in 1 blocks; 808 free (0 chunks); 216 used
    lu_pnl_fr_fill_file_account_map_pkey: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752
free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_pnl_fr_fill_file_account_map_fill_file_acronym_key: 2048 total
in 1 blocks; 752 free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    CachedPlan: 1024 total in 1 blocks; 312 free (0 chunks); 712 used
    CachedPlanSource: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1584 free (0 chunks); 1488 used
    SPI Plan: 1024 total in 1 blocks; 832 free (0 chunks); 192 used
    CachedPlan: 1024 total in 1 blocks; 280 free (0 chunks); 744 used
    CachedPlanSource: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1944 free (2 chunks); 1128 used
    SPI Plan: 1024 total in 1 blocks; 832 free (0 chunks); 192 used
    pg_shdepend_depender_index: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 392 free (0
chunks); 1656 used
    pg_shdepend_reference_index: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 608 free (0
chunks); 1440 used
    pg_depend_reference_index: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 456 free (0
chunks); 1592 used
    pg_depend_depender_index: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 456 free (0
chunks); 1592 used
    pg_toast_2619_index: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 608 free (0 chunks); 1440 used
    lu_tax_treatment_types_report_name_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks;
752 free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_tax_treatment_types_pkey: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0
chunks); 1296 used
    lu_tax_treatment_types_mnemonic_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752
free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_msa_groups_report_name_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0
chunks); 1296 used
    lu_msa_groups_pkey: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_msa_groups_mnemonic_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0
chunks); 1296 used
    lu_account_groups_report_name_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752
free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_account_groups_pkey: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0
chunks); 1296 used
    lu_account_groups_mnemonic_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free
(0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_business_groups_report_name_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752
free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_business_groups_pkey: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0
chunks); 1296 used
    lu_business_groups_mnemonic_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free
(0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_strategies_report_name_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0
chunks); 1296 used
    lu_strategies_pkey: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_strategies_mnemonic_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0
chunks); 1296 used
    lu_sub_strategies_report_name_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752
free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_sub_strategies_pkey: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0
chunks); 1296 used
    lu_sub_strategies_mnemonic_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free
(0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_margin_types_report_name_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free
(0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_margin_types_pkey: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_margin_types_mnemonic_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0
chunks); 1296 used
    lu_clearing_firm_legal_entities_mnemonic_key: 2048 total in 1
blocks; 752 free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_clearing_firm_legal_entities_report_name_key: 2048 total in 1
blocks; 752 free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_clearing_firm_legal_entities_pkey: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752
free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_account_types_report_name_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free
(0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_account_types_pkey: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0
chunks); 1296 used
    lu_account_types_mnemonic_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0
chunks); 1296 used
    lu_partners_report_name_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0
chunks); 1296 used
    lu_partners_pkey: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_partners_mnemonic_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0
chunks); 1296 used
    lu_internal_firms_report_name_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752
free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_internal_firms_pkey: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0
chunks); 1296 used
    lu_internal_firms_mnemonic_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free
(0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_internal_firms_legacy_name_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752
free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_internal_firms_legacy_mnemonic_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752
free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    idx_lu_clearing_firms_id_mnemonic: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 656
free (0 chunks); 1392 used
    lu_clearing_firms_report_name_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752
free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_clearing_firms_pkey: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0
chunks); 1296 used
    lu_clearing_firms_mnemonic_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free
(0 chunks); 1296 used
    idx_lu_pnl_fr_accounts_clearing_firm_id_clearing_firm: 2048 total
in 1 blocks; 656 free (0 chunks); 1392 used
    idx_lu_pnl_fr_account_avg_price_account_code_2: 2048 total in 1
blocks; 752 free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    idx_lu_pnl_fr_account_avg_price_account_code: 2048 total in 1
blocks; 752 free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    idx_lu_pnl_fr_account_account_code_key: 2048 total in 1 blocks;
752 free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    idx_lu_pnl_fr_account_account_code: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752
free (0 chunks); 1296 used
    lu_pnl_fr_accounts_pkey: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 752 free (0
chunks); 1296 used
    pg_index_indrelid_index: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 704 free (0
chunks); 1344 used
    pg_constraint_conrelid_index: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 704 free (0
chunks); 1344 used
    pg_attrdef_adrelid_adnum_index: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 608 free
(0 chunks); 1440 used
    pg_toast_2618_index: 2048 total in 1 blocks; 608 free (0 chunks); 1440 used
    vw_pnl_fr_accounts: 171008 total in 23 blocks; 3152 free (0
chunks); 167856 used
    pg_opclass_am_name_nsp_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1448 free (4
chunks); 1624 used
    pg_foreign_data_wrapper_name_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1744
free (3 chunks); 1328 used
    pg_enum_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1744 free (3 chunks); 1328 used
    pg_class_relname_nsp_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1600 free (2
chunks); 1472 used
    pg_foreign_server_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1744 free (3
chunks); 1328 used
    pg_statistic_relid_att_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1600 free (2
chunks); 1472 used
    pg_cast_source_target_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1600 free (2
chunks); 1472 used
    pg_language_name_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1744 free (3
chunks); 1328 used
    pg_authid_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1696 free (2 chunks); 1376 used
    pg_amop_fam_strat_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1384 free (2
chunks); 1688 used
    pg_index_indexrelid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1696 free (2
chunks); 1376 used
    pg_ts_template_tmplname_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1648 free
(2 chunks); 1424 used
    pg_ts_config_map_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1496 free (4
chunks); 1576 used
    pg_opclass_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1696 free (2
chunks); 1376 used
    pg_foreign_data_wrapper_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1744
free (3 chunks); 1328 used
    pg_auth_members_member_role_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1600
free (2 chunks); 1472 used
    pg_ts_dict_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1744 free (3
chunks); 1328 used
   pg_conversion_default_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1432 free (3
chunks); 1640 used
    pg_operator_oprname_l_r_n_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1384 free
(2 chunks); 1688 used
    pg_trigger_tgrelid_tgname_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1600 free
(2 chunks); 1472 used
    pg_enum_typid_label_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1648 free (2
chunks); 1424 used
    pg_ts_config_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1744 free (3
chunks); 1328 used
    pg_user_mapping_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1744 free (3
chunks); 1328 used
    pg_opfamily_am_name_nsp_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1496 free
(4 chunks); 1576 used
    pg_type_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1696 free (2 chunks); 1376 used
    pg_aggregate_fnoid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1744 free (3
chunks); 1328 used
    pg_constraint_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1744 free (3
chunks); 1328 used
    pg_rewrite_rel_rulename_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1600 free
(2 chunks); 1472 used
    pg_ts_parser_prsname_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1648 free (2
chunks); 1424 used
    pg_ts_config_cfgname_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1648 free (2
chunks); 1424 used
    pg_ts_parser_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1744 free (3
chunks); 1328 used
    pg_operator_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1696 free (2
chunks); 1376 used
    pg_namespace_nspname_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1696 free (2
chunks); 1376 used
    pg_ts_template_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1744 free (3
chunks); 1328 used
    pg_amop_opr_fam_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1600 free (2
chunks); 1472 used
    pg_ts_dict_dictname_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1648 free (2
chunks); 1424 used
    pg_auth_members_role_member_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1648
free (2 chunks); 1424 used
    pg_type_typname_nsp_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1600 free (2
chunks); 1472 used
    pg_opfamily_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1744 free (3
chunks); 1328 used
    pg_class_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1696 free (2 chunks); 1376 used
    pg_proc_proname_args_nsp_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1496 free
(4 chunks); 1576 used
    pg_attribute_relid_attnum_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1600 free
(2 chunks); 1472 used
    pg_proc_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1696 free (2 chunks); 1376 used
    pg_language_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1696 free (2
chunks); 1376 used
    pg_namespace_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1696 free (2
chunks); 1376 used
    pg_database_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1696 free (2
chunks); 1376 used
    pg_amproc_fam_proc_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1384 free (2
chunks); 1688 used
    pg_authid_rolname_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1696 free (2
chunks); 1376 used
    pg_foreign_server_name_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1744 free (3
chunks); 1328 used
    pg_attribute_relid_attnam_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1600 free
(2 chunks); 1472 used
    pg_conversion_oid_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1744 free (3
chunks); 1328 used
    pg_user_mapping_user_server_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1648
free (2 chunks); 1424 used
    pg_conversion_name_nsp_index: 3072 total in 2 blocks; 1648 free (2
chunks); 1424 used
  MdSmgr: 8192 total in 1 blocks; 5632 free (0 chunks); 2560 used
  LOCALLOCK hash: 24576 total in 2 blocks; 11872 free (5 chunks); 12704 used
  Timezones: 83472 total in 2 blocks; 3744 free (0 chunks); 79728 used
  ErrorContext: 8192 total in 1 blocks; 8160 free (7 chunks); 32 used

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Next:From: Benedikt GrundmannDate: 2012-07-20 09:49:12
Subject: Re: postgres 8.4.9: running out of memory (malloc fails) when running a transaction that runs a LOT of selects
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Subject: Re: pgsql_fdw in contrib

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