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VACUUM FULL deadlock with backend startup

From: Nikhil Sontakke <nikhil(dot)sontakke(at)enterprisedb(dot)com>
To: pgsql-hackers <pgsql-hackers(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Subject: VACUUM FULL deadlock with backend startup
Date: 2011-03-19 03:22:23
Message-ID: AANLkTin47WoiLSKxR-r_L8xvUvWG7jwGmGuWy1XWaU5W@mail.gmail.com (view raw or flat)
Thread:
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Hi,

We encountered a deadlock involving VACUUM FULL (surprise surprise!
:)) in PG 8.3.13 (and still not fixed in 9.0 AFAICS although the
window appears much smaller). The call spits out the following
deadlock info:

ERROR: SQLSTATE 40P01: deadlock detected
DETAIL:   Process 12479 waits for AccessExclusiveLock on relation 2663
of database 16384; blocked by process 14827.
Process 14827 waits for AccessShareLock on relation 1259 of database
16384; blocked by process 12479.
LOCATION: DeadLockReport, deadlock.c:918

It looked familiar, so I dug up the archives and found that Tom had
committed a fix for a similar deadlock via git commitid: 715120e7

However this current deadlock involved an index with oid 2663, which
is ClassNameNspIndexId. Clearly this was another case of locking the
index directly without taking a lock on the parent catalog. Further
sleuthing revealed that the culprit function was InitCatCachePhase2,
which directly calls index_open in the process startup phase.

Reproducing this was easy once you know the culprit, (excruciatingly
difficult if you do not know the exact race window). I added a sleep
inside the InitCatCachePhase2 function before calling index_open. Then
I invoked a "VACUUM FULL pg_class" from another session, halting it in
gdb just before taking the exclusive lock via try_relation_open. When
a new PG process sleeps inside InitCatCachePhase2, we then take the
lock in the VF process, waiting just after it.

When the startup continues after the sleep, it will take the
ClassNameNspIndexId share lock, but hang to take a share lock on
pg_class in RelationReloadIndexInfo. Simply continue the VF process in
gdb which will try to take the exclusive lock to vacuum the index.
This will reproduce the deadlock in all its glory.

The fix is similar to the earlier commit by Tom. I tested this fix
against 8.3.13. We lock the parent catalog now before calling
index_open. Patch against git HEAD attached with this mail. I guess we
will backpatch this? Tom's last commit was backpatched till 8.2 I
think.

Regards,
Nikhils

Attachment: vacuum_full_deadlock_head.patch
Description: text/x-diff (1009 bytes)

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Subject: VACUUM FULL deadlock with backend startup
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