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Re: backend for database 'A' crashes/is killed -> corrupt index in database 'B'

From: Jon Nelson <jnelson+pgsql(at)jamponi(dot)net>
To: Heikki Linnakangas <heikki(dot)linnakangas(at)enterprisedb(dot)com>
Cc: pgsql-bugs(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: backend for database 'A' crashes/is killed -> corrupt index in database 'B'
Date: 2011-03-31 11:41:32
Message-ID: AANLkTi=Q812FJK-2wjnUOtD1=CX7bcobcgnv8rq0YM5d@mail.gmail.com (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-bugs
On Thu, Mar 31, 2011 at 2:58 AM, Heikki Linnakangas
<heikki(dot)linnakangas(at)enterprisedb(dot)com> wrote:
> On 30.03.2011 21:06, Jon Nelson wrote:
>>
>> The short version is that if a postgresql backend is killed (by the Linux
>> OOM handler, or kill -9, etc...) while operations are
>> taking place in a *different* backend, corruption is introduced in the
>> other
>> backend.  I don't want to say it happens 100% of the time, but it happens
>> every time I test.
>> ...
>>
>> Here is how I am reproducing the problem:
>>
>> 1. Open a psql connection to database A. It may remain idle.
>> 2. Wait for an automated process to connect to database B and start
>> operations. These operations
>> 3. kill -9 the backend for the psql connection to database A.
>>
>> Then I observe the backends all shutting down and postgresql entering
>> recovery mode, which succeeds.
>> Subsequent operations on other databases appear fine, but not for
>> database B: An index on one of the tables in database B is corrupted.
>> It is always the
>> same index.
>>
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:32 UTC   LOG:  server process (PID 3871) was terminated
>> by
>> signal 9: Killed
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:32 UTC   LOG:  terminating any other active server
>> processes
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:32 UTC   WARNING:  terminating connection because of
>> crash
>> of another server process
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:32 UTC   DETAIL:  The postmaster has commanded this
>> server
>> process to roll back the current transaction and exit, because another
>> server process exited abnormally and possibly corrupted shared memory.
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:32 UTC   HINT:  In a moment you should be able to
>> reconnect
>> to the database and repeat your command.
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:32 UTC databaseB databaseB WARNING:  terminating
>> connection
>> because of crash of another server process
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:32 UTC databaseB databaseB DETAIL:  The postmaster has
>> commanded this server process to roll back the current transaction and
>> exit,
>> because another server process exited abnormally and possibly corrupted
>> shared memory.
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:32 UTC databaseB databaseB HINT:  In a moment you should
>> be
>> able to reconnect to the database and repeat your command.
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:32 UTC   LOG:  all server processes terminated;
>> reinitializing
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:32 UTC   LOG:  database system was interrupted; last
>> known
>> up at 2011-03-30 14:46:50 UTC
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:32 UTC databaseB databaseB FATAL:  the database system is
>> in recovery mode
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:32 UTC   LOG:  database system was not properly shut
>> down;
>> automatic recovery in progress
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:32 UTC   LOG:  redo starts at 301/1D328E40
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:33 UTC databaseB databaseB FATAL:  the database system is
>> in recovery mode
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:34 UTC   LOG:  record with zero length at 301/1EA08608
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:34 UTC   LOG:  redo done at 301/1EA08558
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:34 UTC   LOG:  last completed transaction was at log time
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:31.257997+00
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:37 UTC   LOG:  autovacuum launcher started
>> 2011-03-30 14:51:37 UTC   LOG:  database system is ready to accept
>> connections
>> 2011-03-30 14:52:05 UTC databaseB databaseB ERROR:  index "<elided>"
>> contains unexpected zero page at block 0
>> 2011-03-30 14:52:05 UTC databaseB databaseB HINT:  Please REINDEX it.
>>
>> What's more, I can execute a 'DELETE from tableB' (where tableB is the
>> table that is the one with the troublesome index) without error, but
>> when I try to *insert* that is when I get a problem. The index is a
>> standard btree index. The DELETE statement has no where clause.
>
> Can you provide a self-contained test script to reproduce this?

I will try.

> Is the corruption always the same, ie. "unexpected zero page at block 0" ?

As far as I can tell, yes!



-- 
Jon

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