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Slow queries on big table

From: "Tyrrill, Ed" <tyrrill_ed(at)emc(dot)com>
To: <pgsql-performance(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Subject: Slow queries on big table
Date: 2007-05-18 18:30:12
Message-ID: (view raw or flat)
Lists: pgsql-performance
I have a two column table with over 160 million rows in it.  As the size
of the table grows queries on this table get exponentially slower.  I am
using version 8.1.5 32-bit on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.  The hardware
is an Intel 3 Ghz Xeon with 4GB RAM, and 6 disks in a RAID 5
configuration.  For current testing I am running a single database
connection with no other applications running on the machine, and the
swap is not being used at all.

Here is the table definition:

mdsdb=# \d backup_location
 Table "public.backup_location"
  Column   |  Type   | Modifiers
 record_id | bigint  | not null
 backup_id | integer | not null
    "backup_location_pkey" PRIMARY KEY, btree (record_id, backup_id)
    "backup_location_rid" btree (record_id)
Foreign-key constraints:
    "backup_location_bfk" FOREIGN KEY (backup_id) REFERENCES
backups(backup_id) ON DELETE CASCADE
Here is the table size:

mdsdb=# select count(*) from backup_location;
(1 row)

And here is a simple query on this table that takes nearly 20 minutes to
return less then 3000 rows.  I ran an analyze immediately before I ran
this query:

mdsdb=# explain analyze select record_id from backup_location where
backup_id = 1070;

 Index Scan using backup_location_pkey on backup_location
(cost=0.00..1475268.53 rows=412394 width=8) (actual
time=3318.057..1196723.915 rows=2752 loops=1)
   Index Cond: (backup_id = 1070)
 Total runtime: 1196725.617 ms
(3 rows)

Obviously at this point the application is not usable.  If possible we
would like to grow this table to the 3-5 billion row range, but I don't
know if that is realistic.

Any guidance would be greatly appreciated.



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Subject: Re: 121+ million record table perf problems
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