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Re: [HACKERS] Trivial patch to double vacuum speed on tables with no indexes

From: Gregory Stark <stark(at)enterprisedb(dot)com>
To: Tom Lane <tgl(at)sss(dot)pgh(dot)pa(dot)us>
Cc: pgsql-hackers(at)postgresql(dot)org, pgsql-patches(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: [HACKERS] Trivial patch to double vacuum speed on tables with no indexes
Date: 2006-08-28 09:08:09
Message-ID: 87u03xkz2e.fsf@enterprisedb.com (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-hackerspgsql-patches
Tom Lane <tgl(at)sss(dot)pgh(dot)pa(dot)us> writes:

> The reason the patch is so short is that it's a kluge.  If we really
> cared about supporting this case, more wide-ranging changes would be
> needed (eg, there's no need to eat maintenance_work_mem worth of RAM
> for the dead-TIDs array); and a decent respect to the opinions of
> mankind would require some attention to updating the header comments
> and function descriptions, too.

The only part that seems klugy to me is how it releases the lock and
reacquires it rather than wait in the first place until it can acquire the
lock. Fixed that and changed lazy_space_alloc to allocate only as much space
as is really necessary.

Gosh, I've never been accused of offending all mankind before.



--- vacuumlazy.c	31 Jul 2006 21:09:00 +0100	1.76
+++ vacuumlazy.c	28 Aug 2006 09:58:41 +0100	
@@ -16,6 +16,10 @@
  * perform a pass of index cleanup and page compaction, then resume the heap
  * scan with an empty TID array.
  *
+ * As a special exception if we're processing a table with no indexes we can
+ * vacuum each page as we go so we don't need to allocate more space than
+ * enough to hold as many heap tuples fit on one page.
+ *
  * We can limit the storage for page free space to MaxFSMPages entries,
  * since that's the most the free space map will be willing to remember
  * anyway.	If the relation has fewer than that many pages with free space,
@@ -106,7 +110,7 @@
 							   TransactionId OldestXmin);
 static BlockNumber count_nondeletable_pages(Relation onerel,
 						 LVRelStats *vacrelstats, TransactionId OldestXmin);
-static void lazy_space_alloc(LVRelStats *vacrelstats, BlockNumber relblocks);
+static void lazy_space_alloc(LVRelStats *vacrelstats, BlockNumber relblocks, unsigned nindexes);
 static void lazy_record_dead_tuple(LVRelStats *vacrelstats,
 					   ItemPointer itemptr);
 static void lazy_record_free_space(LVRelStats *vacrelstats,
@@ -206,7 +210,8 @@
  *		This routine sets commit status bits, builds lists of dead tuples
  *		and pages with free space, and calculates statistics on the number
  *		of live tuples in the heap.  When done, or when we run low on space
- *		for dead-tuple TIDs, invoke vacuuming of indexes and heap.
+ *		for dead-tuple TIDs, or after every page if the table has no indexes 
+ *		invoke vacuuming of indexes and heap.
  *
  *		It also updates the minimum Xid found anywhere on the table in
  *		vacrelstats->minxid, for later storing it in pg_class.relminxid.
@@ -247,7 +252,7 @@
 	vacrelstats->rel_pages = nblocks;
 	vacrelstats->nonempty_pages = 0;
 
-	lazy_space_alloc(vacrelstats, nblocks);
+	lazy_space_alloc(vacrelstats, nblocks, nindexes);
 
 	for (blkno = 0; blkno < nblocks; blkno++)
 	{
@@ -282,8 +287,14 @@
 
 		buf = ReadBuffer(onerel, blkno);
 
-		/* In this phase we only need shared access to the buffer */
-		LockBuffer(buf, BUFFER_LOCK_SHARE);
+		/* In this phase we only need shared access to the buffer unless we're
+		 * going to do the vacuuming now which we do if there are no indexes 
+		 */
+
+		if (nindexes)
+			LockBuffer(buf, BUFFER_LOCK_SHARE);
+		else
+			LockBufferForCleanup(buf);
 
 		page = BufferGetPage(buf);
 
@@ -450,6 +461,12 @@
 		{
 			lazy_record_free_space(vacrelstats, blkno,
 								   PageGetFreeSpace(page));
+		} else if (!nindexes) {
+			/* If there are no indexes we can vacuum the page right now instead
+			 * of doing a second scan */
+			lazy_vacuum_page(onerel, blkno, buf, 0, vacrelstats);
+			lazy_record_free_space(vacrelstats, blkno, PageGetFreeSpace(BufferGetPage(buf)));
+			vacrelstats->num_dead_tuples = 0;
 		}
 
 		/* Remember the location of the last page with nonremovable tuples */
@@ -891,16 +908,20 @@
  * See the comments at the head of this file for rationale.
  */
 static void
-lazy_space_alloc(LVRelStats *vacrelstats, BlockNumber relblocks)
+lazy_space_alloc(LVRelStats *vacrelstats, BlockNumber relblocks, unsigned nindexes)
 {
 	long		maxtuples;
 	int			maxpages;
 
-	maxtuples = (maintenance_work_mem * 1024L) / sizeof(ItemPointerData);
-	maxtuples = Min(maxtuples, INT_MAX);
-	maxtuples = Min(maxtuples, MaxAllocSize / sizeof(ItemPointerData));
-	/* stay sane if small maintenance_work_mem */
-	maxtuples = Max(maxtuples, MaxHeapTuplesPerPage);
+	if (nindexes) {
+		maxtuples = (maintenance_work_mem * 1024L) / sizeof(ItemPointerData);
+		maxtuples = Min(maxtuples, INT_MAX);
+		maxtuples = Min(maxtuples, MaxAllocSize / sizeof(ItemPointerData));
+		/* stay sane if small maintenance_work_mem */
+		maxtuples = Max(maxtuples, MaxHeapTuplesPerPage);
+	} else {
+		maxtuples = MaxHeapTuplesPerPage;
+	}
 
 	vacrelstats->num_dead_tuples = 0;
 	vacrelstats->max_dead_tuples = (int) maxtuples;
-- 
  Gregory Stark
  EnterpriseDB          http://www.enterprisedb.com

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